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Steel Column Design

Steel Column Design

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Published by: anshutomar7915 on Mar 16, 2009
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India Pavilion at World Expo 2010, Shangai, ChinaSteel Column Design
PLATE GIRDERMEMBER PROPERTY:FLANGE PLATE SIZE:WEB PLATE SIZE:
WIDTH B:300mmWIDTH:334mmTHICKNESS t
f
:8mmTHICKNESS t
w
:8mmD:350mmB
aI
xx
I
yy
Z
xx
Z
yy
r
xx
r
yy
weight
STEEL COLUMN DESIGN OF SHOP AREA
xytftwD1cm
2
cm
4
cm
4
cm
3
cm
3
cmcmkg/mPLATE GIRDER74.7216522.223601.43944.13240.1014.876.9458.66
tf tw d1 D SECTION DETAILS
mmmmmmmm8.008.00334.00350.00PLATE GIRDER WITH 334 x 8 Web plates and 300 x 8 Flange plates1
 
India Pavilion at World Expo 2010, Shangai, ChinaSteel Column Design
MATERIAL PROPERTIES :
Modulus of elasticity of steel=200000MPaYield stress of steel=308MPa
LOADS :
Axial force (P)=350kNBending moment @ major axis (Mx)=60kN-mBending moment @ minor axis (My)=10kN-m
GEOMETRY :
Eff. Length @ x-axis (leff
x
)=3.60mEff. Length @ y-axis (leff
y
)=3.60m
SECTION PROPERTIES :
Section details=PBOX="B",PLATE_G=Area of section (Ax)=7472.00mm
2
Moment of inertia @ major axis (Ixx)=1.65E+08mm
4
Moment of inertia @ minor axis (Iyy)=3.60E+07mm
4
Moduli of section @ major axis (Zxx)=9.44E+06mm
3
Moduli of section @ minor axis (Zyy)=2.40E+06mm
3
Radius of gyration @ major axis (rxx)=148.7mm=
STEEL BEAM /COLUMN DESIGN (AS PER IS-800 - 1984)
 =.Weight of section=58.66Kg / mThickness of flange (t
f
ot T)=8.00mmThickness of web (t
w
)=8.00mmOverall depth (D)=350.00mmClear depth of web (d1)=334.00mmWidth of Flange (B)=300.00mm
SUMMARY OF DESIGN :
46.85 MPaSAFE6.36 MPaSAFE5.00 MPaSAFE0.35SAFE153.53 MPa184.54 Mpa204.00 MPa1.00Ratio of combined stressesCHECKTYPE OF STRESSESAxial compression stressACTUAL STRESSPERMISSIBLESTRESSBending stress @ major axisBending stress @ minor axis
 
India Pavilion at World Expo 2010, Shangai, ChinaSteel Column Design
CALCULATION OF ACTUAL STRESSES :
Actual compressive stress (
σ
ac,cal
)=P / Ax=350000 / 7472=46.841542MPaActual bending stress @ major axis (
σ
bcx,cal
)=Mx / Z
xx
=60000000 / 9441269=6.36MPaActual bending stress @ minor axis (
σ
bcy,cal
)=My / Z
yy
=10000000 / 2400951=4.17MPa
CALCULATION OF PERMISSIBLE STRESSES :
AXIAL STRESSES :Slenderness ratio in major direction (
λ
x
)=l
x
/ r
xx
=3600 / 148.71=24.21Slenderness ratio in minor direction (
λ
y
)=l
Y
/ r
yy
=3600 / 69.43=51.85Maximum slenderness ratio (
λ
max
)=51.85< 180
= λ
perm
.
SAFEElastic critical stress in major dir. (f
ccx
)=
π
2
∗ Ε / λ
x
2
=
π2 ∗ 200000 / 586.11
=3367.88MPaElastic critical stress in minor dir. (f
ccy
)=
π
2
∗ Ε / λ
y
2
=
π2 ∗ 200000 / 2688.86
=734.11MPaMinimum elastic critical stress ( f
cc
)=734.11MPaPermissible axial stress (
σ
ac
) 0.6 * f
cc
* f
y
[(f
cc
)
1.4
+ (f
y
)
1.4
]
1/1.4
0.6 * 734.12 * 308[(734.12)^1.4 + (308)^1.4 ]^1/1.4=153.52MPa (as per clause 5.1.1)Ratio of axial compression=
σ
ac,cal
σ
ac
=46.84153.52=0.305==

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