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Immune

Immune

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Published by dlneisha61

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Published by: dlneisha61 on Mar 19, 2009
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01/30/2013

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Exam Questions from Assigned Reading/LecturesCare of Client & Family with Immune System DisordersNursing 304Fall 2007Understanding the Immune System
Immune System – body’s major defense mechanism againstinfectious organisms and abnormal or damaged cells
Complex and intricate network of specialized cells, tissues, andorgans
Cells of immune system seek out and destroy damaged cells andforeign tissue, yet recognize and preserve host cells
Functions of Immune System
Defense – defends and protects the body from infection by bacteria,viruses, fungi, and parasites
Homeostasis – removes and destroys damaged or dead cells
Surveillance – identifies and destroys malignant cells – preventingfurther development of tumors
Organs and Tissues of Immune System
Bone Marrow
Thymus
 
Lymph nodes
Spleen
Tonsils, Adenoids
Immune System Components
Leukocytes
Granulocytes
Monocytes
Lymphocytes
Antigens
Antibodies
Cytokines
Cells – Immune Response
T lymphocytes – migrate from bone marrow to thymus(T cells, thymus dependent)
T cytotoxic cells
 – killer T cells attack antigens directly
Helper T cells (CD4 cells)
 – coordinate immune response bycommunicating with other cells; some stimulate B cells to produce
 
antibody; call in phagocytes; HIV invades T helper cells – causedecrease in # and function
Suppressor T cells (CD8 cells)
 – immunoregulatory;autoimmune disease
Natural Killer Cells (NK)
 – involved in cell mediated immunity; largelymphocytes with numerous granules in cytoplasm; recognize & killvirus-infected cells, tumor cells, and transplanted grafts
Antigen
Substance that causes an immune response
Anything that can trigger an immune response
Types of antigens
Microbes
Germs (bacteria)
Viruses
Organisms
Parasites
Fungi

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