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AASHTO Supplement, Rigid Pavement Design

AASHTO Supplement, Rigid Pavement Design

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Published by Alvaro Herbas

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Published by: Alvaro Herbas on Apr 27, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 Note 1: Click CTRL+j on your keyboard before using this spreadsheet in EXCEL97. Note 2: Due to different monitor, EXCEL, and fonts capabilities on different computers, the text on some of thesheets may be truncated. It may be necessary to unprotect the sheet and resize some of the columns. Note 3: This spreadsheet needs to be copied to the hard drive to be used. It cannot be run off a floppy drive. Note 4: Figures accompanying the text are scanned into the spreadsheet. For clarity of these figures it may beuseful to print these pages and use the printed figures.
I.Input Sheet - General Information
The general information section requests information about the agency. Thisinformation is not required for the analysis, but the information entered heremay be displayed on the "Results" sheet.
II.Input Sheet - Design Information
All design inputs are required except sensitivity analysis. No default values are used.
Information can be retrieved from the "Saved Data" sheet using the "Retrieve Data" button. The existing data can be replaced or saved as a new set using the"Save Data" button.Clicking on the "Retrieve Data" button opens the "Saved Data" sheet. Select theappropriate row to be retrieved and click on the "Export" button.If the retrieval is successful, the data are retreived. Changes can be made and savedas a new data set using a different value for the search ID. The data can also be overwritten using the same search ID. The search value can be text, numbers, or acombination of the two that uniquely identifies the data (example: Project Numbers).This feature can also be used to save a default set of values.Using the "Clear All" ID to retrieve the "Clear All" data set clears all the data inthe spreadsheet.
Design information such as initial and terminal serviceability, concrete properties, base properties, and reliability and standard deviation can be input in the appropriate cells.Table 14 provides help for estimating base property values.Climatic properties such as wind, temperature, and precipitation, which are required for  positive temperature differential calculation, can be estimated using the table of climatic properties for major cities provided in table 15.A pavement type can be selected by clicking the option buttons provided. For JPCP andJRCP, the joint spacing needs to be entered in ft in the space provided. Thisautomatically calculates the effective joint spacing to be used in design.
Edge support can also be selected using the option buttons provided. Thisautomatically calculates the edge support factor to be used in design.
A first run MUST be performed using design inputs for all variables and using anestimated effective subgrade k-value. This determines an approximate slab thicknessfor the inputs provided. The user can then navigate to the seasonal k-value calculationsheet (and, if necessary, the "Fill/Rigid Layer" sheet) to calculate the k-value adjusted for the effects of season and presence of fill section or rigid layer beneath the pavement.(The approximate slab thickness obtained from the first run is used in calculating the damageduring different seasons of the year.)Approximately 3 to 4 iterations will be required (i.e., after a first run with a trial k-value,a trial thickness is obtained). The "Calculate seasonal k-value" button can then be used tocalculate a seasonally adjusted k-value. This is exported back to the "Input Form" sheet.The slab thickness is calculated again using the new k-value. This changes the seasonaladjusted k-value and the procedure need to be repeated again. This is done till thechange in thickness does not change the seasonally adjusted k-value.Detailed information on k-value is provided in the "k-Value Information" Sheet.Page 1
A traffic calculation should be performed before the first run. This will result ina more appropriate slab thickness for the seasonal k-value computation.
After all the design information has been entered, clicking on the "Calculate" buttondisplays the design thickness at the bottom of the Input Form.The above calculation is performed in the "Calculation Sheet" sheet. The "Calculation Sheet"also provides the design traffic for slab thicknesses varying from 7 in to 15 inches, in incrementsof 0.5 in. The next row is not locked, to enable the user to change any variable andobserve its effects on the design traffic. The last row is locked and represents the thicknessfor the traffic and other inputs provided by the user in the Input Form.
Sensitivity analysis can also be performed from the Input Form. A desired thicknesscan be input, or the calculated thickness for the input design variable can be imported.The sensitivity analysis produces a graph on a sheet labeled "Sensitivity (Other)."The sensitivity for thickness vs. traffic is created automatically on the"Sensitivity (Thickness)" sheet.The actual data for the sensitivity analysis is contained in a sheet called "Sensitivity Sheet;"this sheet is hidden.
The Input Form also contains a link to the "Faulting Check" sheet for JRCP andJPCP. For CRCP, the "Faulting Check" sheet and the "Corner Break Check" sheetremain hidden.
Red dots or flags at the top right corners of cells indicate that a note is attached to that cell.This note can be read by moving the mouse over that cell. NOTE: This spreadsheet was created in Excel95. Due to compatibility problems with Excel97,the larger notes are partially cut off (because Excel97 displays notes with fixed sizes as default).To see the entire note, a macro is written in this spreadsheet to change the size of notesthat are bigger than the comment box (The notes in Excel97 are now called comments).However, the user must run this macro by pressing "ctrl+j" each time the spreadsheet isopened in Excel97. This command does not affect spreadsheets in Excel95.
Certain cells are locked to prevent accidental erasure. Cells can only be locked when thesheet is also protected, so some sheets are protected. To unprotect a sheet, go to Toolson the menu, select Protection and select Unprotect Sheet. This creates the potentialfor accidental erasure, so it is useful to keep the sheet protected. To reprotect thesheet, select Tools, Protection, Protect Sheet and select OK without entering a password.The workbook should not be protected because some of the Excel basic programs (macros)need the workbook to be unprotected to be executed.For the same reason, the "Sensitivity Sheet" (which is hidden) and the "Saved Data"sheet should not be protected. Hidden sheets can be viewed by using Format, Sheet, Unhide,or Edit, Sheet, Unhide from the menu.
III.Faulting Check Sheet
For jointed pavements, the Input Form links to the "Faulting Check" sheet. All cellsneed to be input in this sheet. The cells that do not need to be input are hidden usingthe outlining ("+") at the left of the sheet. To observe the values at this location, the sheet hasto be unprotected and the "+" clicked.Each time a cell value is changed, the "Calculate" button needs to be clicked to calculatefaulting, which is displayed at the bottom of the sheet. This is then compared with the criteriaset at the bottom of the sheet to "PASS" or "FAIL" the design.The criteria can be changed by changing the values in the criteria table.
The doweled and nondoweled sheets are designed independent of each other to providethe user control over the individual design. For example, the user may decide to provideedgedrains for the nondoweled design, which will change the drainage coefficient, C
While making a one-on-one comparison between the faulting check for the doweled andnondoweled designs, the user needs to ensure that all values are comparable.
Corner break checks need to be performed only for nondoweled pavements. This sheetPage 2
can be accessed by clicking on the "Corner Break Check" button.Page 3

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