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Nantenna Report NANO ANTENNA ENERGY HARVEST SOLAR ENERGY

Nantenna Report NANO ANTENNA ENERGY HARVEST SOLAR ENERGY

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Published by Ritesh kumar Nayak
REPORT ON NANTENNA NANO ANTENNA ENERGY HARVEST SOLAR ENERGY
REPORT ON NANTENNA NANO ANTENNA ENERGY HARVEST SOLAR ENERGY

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Ritesh kumar Nayak on Apr 28, 2013
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12/25/2014

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 NANTENNA 2012-2013
Dept. of ECE,AIT,Bangalore Page 1
ABSTRACT
This research explores a new efficient approach for producing electricity from theabundant energy of the sun. A nantenna electromagnetic collector (NEC) has been designed, prototyped, and tested. Proof of concept has been validated. The NEC devices target mid-infrared wavelengths, where conventional photovoltaic (PV) solar cells are inefficient andwhere there is an abundance of solar energy. The initial concept of designing NEC was basedon scaling of radio frequency antenna theory. This approach has proven unsuccessful bymany due to not fully understanding and accounting for the optical behaviour of materials inthe THz region. Also, until recent years the nanofabrication methods were not available tofabricate the optical antenna elements. We have addressed and overcome both technology barriers.Several factors were critical in successful implementation of NEC including: 1)frequency-dependent modeling of antenna elements; 2) selection of materials with proper THz properties; and 3) novel manufacturing methods that enable economical large-scalemanufacturing. The work represents an important step toward the ultimate realization of alow-cost device that will collect, as well as convert this radiation into electricity, which willlead to a wide spectrum, high conversion efficiency, and low-cost solution to complementconventional PVs.
 
 NANTENNA 2012-2013
Dept. of ECE,AIT,Bangalore Page 2
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER TITLE PAGE NO.
CHAPTER 1
Introduction
1.1 Nantenna Overview …..................…………...........…1
 1.2 Solar radiation spectrum
……......................................2
 1.3 Photovoltaic technology ..............................................41.4 Limitations of photovoltaic cells..................................51.5 Economical alternative to v
.............................................6
1.6 Economics of nantennas ..............................................7
CHAPTER 2
Nantenna Operation
2.1 Theory of operation
………………………..................
82.2 Energy conversion methods
 
………………..............
10
CHAPTER 3
Nantenna modeling
3.1 Analytical model
 – 
RLC circuit
….....……................
123.2
 
Frequency-dependent modeling
….............................14
 
 
 NANTENNA 2012-2013
Dept. of ECE,AIT,Bangalore Page 3
CHAPTER 4
 
Validation of nec concept
.................................................................15
 CHAPTER 5
Manufacturing of a nantenna
5.1 Laboratory-scale Silicon Wafer Prototypes...............175.2 Roll-to-Roll Manufacturing.......................................185.3 Development of a Master Pattern...............................195.4 Prototype NEC Devices..............................................20
CHAPTER 6
Experimental measurements
6.1 Silicon Wafer Prototype ............................................21
6.2 Flexible Substrates NEC Prototype……………........22
 
CHAPTER 7
Applications
......................................................................................24
 
CHAPTER 8
Limitations of nantennas
..............................................................26
CHAPTER 9
Conclusions and Future work 
.....................................................27
REFERENCES
.........................................................................................................28
 

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