bears blisters that are filled with pitch . Branches are nearly horizontal . Leavesare flat, about
inches long, silvery on the underside and spread horizontally from the branches [16,33]. Cones are erect, about three inches long and disintegrate in the fall,leaving behind the upright axis on which they formed [16,33].
The foliage of balsam fir can be brewed as a tea . Though it is best to use the youngspring growth, that of any age will do just fine .Also, in emergency situations, the inner bark can be stripped away and eaten either rawor dried and ground into flour . As this may likely damage the tree, this is not arecommended use.
Laxative, Cold Remedy, Sore Throat, Antiseptic, Diarrhea, Poultice
The needles of balsam fir can be used to make a laxative tea .Sap can be chewed as a cold remedy while an infusion of the sap can be used for sorethroats .Resin from the tree is used throughout the world as an antiseptic and a healing agent .The buds, cones and inner bark can be taken as a diarrhea remedy . Native Americans made pillows stuffed with balsam fir needles, believing that their aroma helped keep them from catching cold .Gum, made from the resin of the tree, can be applied as a poultice to skin wounds andirritations .
Other Uses & Ecological Functions
Oil, Timber, Firewood, Waterproofing Agent, Shade, Wildlife Habitat
Balsam fir is an outstanding Christmas tree as it retains its needles for a much longer timethan the spruces .