when Christ died, and to have done what Christ did. The words undoubtedly mean aco–dying with Christ in that one corporate representative deed; that is, they mean thatwe were one with Christ in His obedience unto death, as we were one with Adam inhis disobedience. Christ’s death to sin belongs to us, and is as much ours as if we had borne the penalty. And the justification by which our persons are forgiven andaccepted, has no other foundation. It is noteworthy that the fifth chapter, from whichthis idea is carried over, describes all this in the third person; whereas the sixthchapter describes it in the first person, and from our own share in it. It is also said in this section, that OUR OLD MAN IS CRUCIFIED, or co–crucified,with Him. The entire section of which this is a part, is to be regarded not as anencouragement or exhortation, but as a statement of fact;
it does not set forthanything done by us, but something done on our account, or for our sake, by aSurety, in whose performance we participate
. But, it may be asked, may we nothold with the great body of expositors, from the Reformation downwards, that thesevaried expressions designate two separate classes of actions,—one done by Christ,and a similar or parallel one by us,—and that the phraseology must be taken in twodifferent senses as used respecting Christ, and as used respecting us? No, theexpressions are not to be taken in a proper sense as applied to Christ, and in afigurative sense as applied to us. The acts are NOT TWO, BUT ONE, described fromtwo different points of view. There is not one crucifixion on the part of Christ, and asecond, parallel and similar but different, crucifixion on the part of His people. Thereis but one corporate act, as we noticed in the previous chapter,—the act of one for many. But what is the OLD MAN that is said to be co–crucified with the Lord? Does notthis refer to inward corruption? Though commentators have long expounded it in thisway with a sort of common consent, such an explanation is untenable, as it wouldmake the expression synonymous with the next clause, and thus not only yield a baldtautology, but give an instance of inept reasoning; for the one clause is made theground or condition of the other. Thus, the old man is CRUCIFIED, IN ORDER THAT the body of sin, or sin withinus as an organic body, might be destroyed. The old man said to be crucified withChrist, is therefore our old personality, or Adamic standing, which is terminated thatwe may have a new relationship to God in the crucified Surety; a privilege which laysthe foundation also for the destruction of inherent corruption.
But these two (vs. 12) —person and nature—are not to be confounded; nor will the apostle’s reasonadmit any comment which confounds them.
But, to bring the matter more fully home to the mind of his readers’ the apostle saysWE WERE BAPTIZED INTO His DEATH (vs. 3). The Lord, in the historic outlineof His death, is presented to us as laden with sin, and satisfying divine justice; and baptism, as a symbolical representation, exhibits our connection with Him, or participation in that great corporate act which was in the room of all His people. Weare supposed to have done what He did, and to have undergone what He underwent,