An electrochemical cell comes from the ambiguous conjugation of the wordselectrochemical, meaning part of a science that deals with the relation of electricity to chemicalchanges and with the interconversion of chemical and electrical energy
, and cell, meaning areceptacle containing electrodes and an electrolyte either for generating electricity by chemicalaction or for use in electrolysis.
The cell itself is usually always in the same solution, but notalways the same container. A cell such as a Duracell
battery exists in one cell with a separatorto separate the anode and cathode ends, while a cell such as a camping battery exists in the samesolution in two different containers with a salt bridge connecting both containers of solution.Aside from the use and application in batteries, the electrochemical cells and the concept behindthem allow scientists to conduct tests to prepare conditions and constants for lab experiments,such as testing various work surfaces for static electric charges [which in certain experiments canbe detrimental to the test subject(s)], evidenced in a document published with the WorldIntellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
The first coinage of the term “electrochemical cell” or “voltaic cell” was around 1771,
when Luigi Galvani observed a twitching of a frog as the frog was dissected, leading him to the
conclusion that “animal electricity” remained in the frog, even after death.
While scientificallyincorrect, the concept has brought about the concept of electrochemical cells through the years.It was not for twenty more years (around 1791) before a scientist by the name of AlessandroVolta made the conclusion that the spasms were a result of two pieces of metal connecting viathe bloodstream of the frog (a cell utilizing blood as the solution).
There are many types andvariants of electrochemical cells in the world today, and usually refer to the standard electrodepotential (Eº) which is where hydrogen is used as the anode and compared against (the hydrogen