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Thomas and Collier 1997 School Effectiveness for Language Minority Students

Thomas and Collier 1997 School Effectiveness for Language Minority Students

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Published by Charles Cornelius
Thomas and Collier 1997 School Effectiveness for Language Minority Students.pdf
Thomas and Collier 1997 School Effectiveness for Language Minority Students.pdf

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Published by: Charles Cornelius on Jun 18, 2013
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01/05/2014

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© Copyright Wayne P. Thomas & Virginia P. Collier, 1997 1
School Effectiveness forLanguage Minority Students
Wayne P. Thomas and Virginia Collier
George Mason University
Disseminated by
National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education
The George Washington UniversityCenter for the Study of Language and Education1118 22nd Street, NWWashington, DC 20037
 
December1997
9  
NCBE  
RESOURCECOLLECTIONSERIES
 
© Copyright Wayne P. Thomas & Virginia P. Collier, 1997 2
The National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education (NCBE) is funded by the U.S. Departmentof Education’s Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs (OBEMLA) andis operated under Contract No. T295005001 by The George Washington University, Center forEducation Policy Studies/Institute for the Study of Language and Education. The contents of this publication are reprinted from the NCBE Resource Collection. Materials from theResource Collection are reprinted “as is.” NCBE assumes no editorial or stylistic responsibilityfor these documents. The view expressed do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of TheGeorge Washington University or the U.S. Department of Education. The mention of tradenames, commercial products, or organizations does not imply endorsement by the U.S.government. Readers are free to duplicate and use these materials in keeping with acceptedpublication standards. NCBE requests that proper credit be given in the event of reproduction.(v. 1.2)
 
© Copyright Wayne P. Thomas & Virginia P. Collier, 1997 3
CONTENTSExecutive Summary
6
Abstract
11I.
Urgent Needs
12II.
Overview of This Study for Decision-Makers
14A.The long-term picture14B.Key findings of this study15C.Study designed to answer urgent school policy questions16III.
Development of This Study
18A.Limitations of typical short-term program evaluations18B.Common misconceptions of scientificresearch in education191.Research questions on effectiveness192.Research methodology in effectiveness studies20a.Inappropriate use of random assignment20b.Statistical conclusion validity21c.External validity23d.Other internal validity concerns243.Research reviews on program effectiveness in LM education24C.Analyzing program effectiveness in our study26D.Magnitude of our study30IV.
Our Findings: The “How Long” Research
32A.How long: Schooling only in L232B.How long: Schooling in both L1 and L235C.Summary of How longfindings for English Language Learners36D.How long: Bilingual schooling for native-English speakers36E.How long: Influence of student background variables371. Proficiency in L1 and L2372.Age373.Students first language (L1)384.Socioeconomic status385.Formal schooling in L139

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