Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more ➡
Standard view
Full view
of .
Add note
Save to My Library
Sync to mobile
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
×
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
messenger-no14

messenger-no14

Ratings: (0)|Views: 2,275|Likes:

More info:

Published by: European Southern Observatory on May 06, 2009
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
See More
See less

02/01/2013

TH E
No. 14 -
Septem ber 1978
L a r g e -S c a le In te rn a l M o tio n sin
N G C 5128
A n
H o.in te rfe ro g ra m
w aso b ta in e da tth e
E S O
3 .6m
te le s c o p eb yD rs.J .B o u le s te ixa n d
G .C o u rte si n
A p ril1 9 7 8 ,b y
m eanso fth e
M a r s e ille
F a b ry -P e ro tin te rfe ro m e te r.S eeth ea r tic leo np a g e2 .
In te rs te lla r H y d ro g e n O b s e rv e din th e A rm s a n d D is k s o f th e
N e a r e s t S o u th e rn G a la x ie s
J .B o u le s te ixa n dG .C o u rte s
F re n c h
a s tro n o m e rs
h a v e
b e e n
s tu d y in g
th e
k in e m a tic so fin te r s te lla rh y d ro g e nfo rm oreth a n
adecade,m a in lyb y m eanso fF a b ry -P e ro tin te r\ue000
fe ro m e te rs
(c f.
th e
a rtic le
b y
M .D uvali n
M es\ue000
s e n g e r
N o.9 ).
R e c e n tly ,
D rs.
J .B o u le s te ix
a n d
G .C o u rte s
tro m
L a b o ra to ire
d 'A s tr o n o m ie
S p a tia lei n
M a r s e illetr a v e lle d to

La S illaa n do b \ue000 ta in e dn e wa n ds p e c ta c u la rre s u ltsa b o u t th eh y \ue000 d ro g e n

in s om en e a rb ys o u th e rn g a la x ie s .
O ur3.6 m
te le s c o p e
o b s e r v in g
p ro g ra m m e
o n
th e
k in e \ue000
m a tic s
o fth e
n e a re s tg a la x ie s
w as
c o n tin u e d
d u rin g
a
re c e n tru n
o f3n ig h ts (A p ril3 -5 , 1 9 7 8 ).
T h em a inp u rp o s eo fth e s eo b s e rv a tio n s ist oo b ta in th e
h ig h e s t
p o s s ib le
s p a c e
a n d
s p e c tra l
r e s o lu tio n s
o f
th e
s tru c tu reo fth eio n iz e dh y d ro g e nin the spirala rm s as weil
as inth ed is k oD u rin gth ere d u c tio n s ,p a r tic u la ra tte n tio nis
g iv e n to th ev e lo c ityg ra d ie n tso fth eg a sa t th e e d g e s o fth e
m o r p h o lo g ic a llyw e ll-d e te rm in e ds p ir a ls tru c tu re s .S im ila r
w o rk
h a s
a lre a d y
b e e n
s u c c e s s fu lly
d o n e
o n
M 33
(th e
T r ia n g u lu m
n e b u la )i nth e
n o rth e rn
h e m is p h e rei n
a na t\ue000
te m p tt ov e rifyth ed e n s ity -w a v e
th e o ry(s e eb ib lio g r a p h y
g iv e n
b y
C o u rte s ,
in v ite d
r e v ie w
p a p e r,
lA U
G re n o b le ,
S y m p . 1 9 7 5 inT o p ic s inIn te rs te lla r M a tte r, 2 0 9 -2 4 2 , R e id e l
P u b lis h in g
C om pany,D o rd re c h t,H o lla n d ,E d.H ugo
v a n
W o e rd e n ).
\u2022
\u2022
F ig u re1 :T h re e -m in u tee x p o s u reo f N G C 2 9 9 7in thelig h to fH C I.
N o te inp a rtic u /a r th e c e n tra /h y d ro g e n rin g .
2
So m e
o fth e
b e s ts o u th e rn
c a n d id a te s
fo rth is
k in d
o f
s tu d ie s
a re
tw o
S c
s p ir a l
g a la x ie s ,
NGC 2997
a n d
NGC 5236,w ith
la rg ea p p a re n t d ia m e te rs .
T h ein s tru m e n ta tio n
w a s th e
M a r s e ille fo c a lre d u c e r a t
th e C a s s e g ra in
fo c u so fth e3.6 m
te le s c o p e .T h is
in s tru \ue000
m entg iv e s
a
fin a l fo c a l
ra tio
o f0 .9 5
w hen
u s e d
w ith
a
p h o to g ra p h ice m u ls io na sd e te c to r a n d

fo c a l ra tio 2w ith a n R C Aim a g e tu b e . T h e R C Aim a g e tu b e , ins p iteo f ag o o d c o o lin g ,

is
d e fin ite ly
to o
n o is y
fo rlo n g
e x p o s u re s
(o v e r
75 m in).T h e re fo re ,th efa in te s to b je c ts w e re o b s e rv e dw ith
th e 0 .9 5 fo c a lra tio a n dth eIIla -Jp h o to g ra p h ice m u ls io n .
W e
o b ta in e d
F a b ry -P e ro t
in te rfe ro g ra m s
a n d
f/0 .9 5
a n d
f / 3
d ire c tp h o to g ra p h s .Infig u re1 , w es h o w
ad ir e c t

p h o to g ra p ho ft h es p ira lg a la x y N G C 2 9 9 7 in H a ;3 -m in u te e x p o s u reth ro u g hth eR C Atu b e o n a IIla - J p la te . W en o tic e th ein te re s tin gm o r p h o lo g yo f th eg a sa ro u n d th e n u c le u s . T h isc o m p le xs tru c tu rew a s a ls op o in te do u t b y S e r s ic ,b u t w e s e e h e re a na lm o s tc o m p le te , c e n tra lrin go fh y d ro g e n w h ic his w e ild e fin e dth a n k s to th e r e s o lv in gpow ero f th e 3.6 m

te le s c o p e .
Ina n o th e rp a rto fo u rp ro g ra m m e ,w eo b ta in e dh ig h -re \ue000
s o lu tio n
in te rfe ro g ra m s
o f
th e
s tro n g
s o u th e rn

ra d io s o u rc eC e nA , a ls oknow n a s N G C 5 1 2 8 ,th e re b y imp r o v in g u p o nth e re s u ltso f C a rra n z aw ithth e 1 .5 mte le s c o p ea t th e C o rd o b aO b s e rv a to ry . O n

th efro n t p a g e isshow n
th ein \ue000
te rfe ro g ra m
o fth e
c e n tra l
p a rto fth is
g a la x y
w ith
v e ry
s tro n gin te rn a lm o tio n s .N o te ,fo r e x a m p le ,th es h ifto f th e
H ain te rfe re n c erin g sb yc o m p a r is o n
w ith

th eH ac a lib r a \ue000 tio n .T h e fre e s p e c tra l ra n g e b e tw e e ntw o s u c c e s s iv erin g s c o rre s p o n d st oa p p r o x im a te ly300 km

S -lin r a d ia lv e lo c i\ue000
ty .
F ig u re2 :H
11r e g io n s in th ep e c u lia rin te ra c tin g g a /a x ie sA rp 2 4 4
(N G C 4 0 3 8 -3 9 ).
3 .6
m
T e le s e o p e
1 .5 2 m
S p e e tro g ra p h ie T e le s e o p e
(O e to b e r1 ,1 9 7 8 -A p ril 1 ,1 9 7 9 )
V is itin g
A s tro n o m e rs
B o u c h e t,F . a n d
M .S p ite , B o u c h e t.
B o u c h e t,S c h \u00f6 ffe l,B o u c h e t, R e n s o n .
R enson,M ia n e s /L M C
G ro u p .
B o u c h e t,W ra m d e m a rk , B a s tia a n s e n , T in b e rg e n ,
L o d e n .
L o d e n , B a s tia a n s e n ,T in b e rg e n ,B o u c h e t.
B o u c h e t,H a u g , L a g e rk v is t.
B e n s a m m a r, V o g t.
V o g t, G ie s e k in g , A z z o p a r d i.
A z z o p a r d i, G ie s e k in g .
G ie s e k in g ,G a h m /A n d re w s .
G a h m /A n d re w s ,G ie s e k in g .
V o g t.
G ahm .
G a h m , G e r b a ld i.
D a n z ig e r/B ru n t/W h e la n ,W a lte r.
Is s e rs te d t.
Is s e rs te d t, P a k u ll.
P a k u ll,B a s tia n /M u n d t,L o d e n , E is t.
E is t.
F e b .1 9 7 9 :
M a rc h1 9 7 9 :
O c t. 1 9 7 8 :
Nov. 1978:
D e c .1 9 7 8 :
Jan. 1979:
T e n ta tiv e M e e tin g
S c h e d u le
O c t. 1 9 7 8 :
L a u s ts e n /T a m m a n n ,D anks/A lc a (n o , B o u c h e t,
B e n s a m m a r,N g u y e n /W a m s te k e r/B o u c h e t,
O la n d e r ,W e s te rlu n d /L u n d g re n , S c h o e m b s .
Nov. 1978:
S c h o e m b s , V o g t,T u ro n /E p c h te in ,W a m s te k e r,
K n o e c h e l,B e rg v a ll/E k m a n /L a u b e rts /W e s te r\ue000
lu n d ,S c h n u r/M a ttila .
Dec. 1978:
S c h n u r/M a ttila ,A rd e b e rg /L y n g a ,S h a v e r/D a n k s /
W a m s te k e r, v a nW o e rd e n /D a n k s ,F . a n d
M .
Q u e r c i,M ia n e s /L M C
G ro u p .
Jan. 1979:
M ia n e s /L M CG ro u p ,P a k u ll, W a m s te k e r, B o u c h e t,
L o d e n ,W le r ic k /B o u c h e t,M e ln ic k .
F e b .1 9 7 9 :
M e ln ic k ,S a lin a r i/T a n z i/T a r e n g h i, D a c h s ,
M o o rw o o d ,The, Adam .
M a rc h1 9 7 9 :
A d a m , M a u d e r,S c h u ltz /C o s ta , W a m s te k e r, H a u g ,
W le r ic k /B o u c h e t.
50 em
E S O
P h o to m e trie T e le s e o p e
1m
P h o to m e trie T e le s e o p e
T h efo llo w in g
d a te sa n d
lo c a tio n shave been
re s e rv e d
fo r
m e e tin g so f th e
E S O
C o u n c ila n d
C o m m itte e s :
N ovem ber1 4 /1 5
F in a n c e C o m m itte e , G e n e v a
N ovem ber1 6
C o m m itte eo fC o u n c il,G eneva
N ovem ber2 2 /2 3 /2 4
O b s e r v in g
P ro g ra m m e s
C o m m itte e , P a ris
D ecem ber7 /8
C o u n c il,M u n ic h
4 0e m
G PO
A s tro g ra p h
Jan. 1979:
F e b .1 9 7 9 :
M arch 1979:
R itte r/S c h r\u00f6 d e r,M a u d e r , B o u c h e t, A h lin , H a u g ,
d e V rie s , H a u g , M a u d e r,S te n h o lm ,W ra m d e m a rk ,
S c h n u r.
6 1
e m
B o e h u m
T e le s e o p e
50 em
D a n is h
T e le s e o p e
O c t. 1 9 7 8 :
Nov. 1978:
D e c .1 9 7 8 :
Jan. 1979:
F e b .1 9 7 9 :
M a rc h1 9 7 9 :
O c t. 1 9 7 8 :
Nov. 1978:
D e c .1 9 7 8 :
Jan. 1979:
F e b .1 9 7 9 :
B re y s a c h e r/A z z o p a r d i,B o u c h e t,N o rd s tr\u00f6 m /
A n d e r s e n , A h lin , v a n
D e s s e i, B a r e a u ,F . a n d
M .
S p ite , F o y .
F o y ,M u ra to rio ,H o lw e g e r, B a re a u ,D anks/
A lc a fn o , F e itz in g e r ,F e itz in g e r/K \u00fc h n /R e in h a rd t!
S c h m id t-K a le r,B o rg m a n /D a n k s ,B e r g v a ll/
E k m a n /L au b e rts /W e s te rlu n d .

B e rg v a ll/E k m a n /L a u b e rts /W e s te rlu n d ,M o n n e t! R osado,W a m s te k e r/A lc a fn o ,L o h m a n n /W e ig e lt, B re y s a c h e r,F .a n d

M .Q u e rc i, S c h n u r.
S c h n u r,B a s tia n /M u n d t,B a rb ie r/S w in g s ,
B o u c h e t,R e n s o n , B a a d e , S w in g s ,H u a /D o a n ,
G ahm /A n d re w s .
G a h m /A n d re w s ,D anks,B o u c h e t, D achs,G e r\ue000
b a ld i, B a s tia a n s e n ,R itte r/S c h r\u00f6 d e r.

T h eb r o a d e n in go f t h eH alin e isc e r ta in ly le s sth a n 1A as ac o m b in e de ffe c to f th ee le c tro nte m p e ra tu re a n d th ein \ue000 te r n a lm o tio n s .T h is m e a n sth a tth e g a s b e h a v e s re la tiv e ly q u ie tly

in
s p ite
o f
th e
v e ry
s tro n g
la r g e - s c a le
m o tio n s
th a t
h a v e
b e e n
o b s e rv e d
in
th e
in te r s te lla r
m e d iu m
o f
NGC 5128.
T h e
p e c u lia r ,
in te ra c tin g
g a la x ie s
A rp2 4 4
(N G C
4 0 3 8 -3 9 )
w e re
a ls o
o b s e rv e d
in
o rd e r
t o
d e te c t
H
11
r e g io n s .F ig u re 2show sth a t o n eo fth ec o m p o n e n ts h a s
m anyb rig h t,c o n d e n s e d
H
11r e g io n s .
T h ee x c e lle n tq u a lityo fthe 3.6 m

te le s c o p ep e rm itte da v e rye ffic ie n tu s eo f th eo b s e r v in g tim e , a n d th e s e e in g a n d w e a th e r w e re a ls o v e ryg o o d .

Nov. 1978:
O c t. 1 9 7 8 :
Dec. 1978:

O b s e r v in gtim ehasn o w beena llo c a te dfo r period 22(O c to b e r1 , 1 9 7 8 toA p ril1 , 1 9 7 9 ). T h edem andfo r te le s c o p etim e w a s a g a in m uch

g r e a te r th a nth e tim ea c tu a lly a v a ila b le .
T h is a b b r e v ia te d
lis t g iv e sth en a m e so f th e v is itin g
a s tro n o m \ue000
e rs , b y te le s c o p e
a n d
i n
c h r o n o lo g ic a lo rd e r. T h ec o m p le te
lis t,
w ith
d a te s ,e q u ip m e n ta n d
p ro g ra m m e
title s , is
a v a ila b le
a t re \ue000
q u e s tfro m
E S O /M u n ic h .
J a n .1 9 7 9 :
O c t. 1 9 7 8 :
Nov. 1978:
W e s t!S m ith /C a nn o n /S c hu s te r, L a u s ts e n/T a m \ue000
m ann,L e q u e u x /W e s tiS c h u s te r/L a u s ts e n ,
F e itz in g e r, C ra n e , v a n
d e n
H e u v e l/H a m m e r\ue000
s c h la g /H e n r ic h s ,C ra n e , M a te rn e , T a re n g h i,
E lv iu s .
E lv iu s ,L in d b la d ,v a n
d e n
H e u v e l/H a m m e r\ue000
s c h la g /H e n r ic h s ,S c h o e m b s , F o y , K n o e c h e l,
K n o e c h e l/V o g t,B o rg m a n /D a n k s ,W a m s te k e r,
S c h n u r,G e o rg e lin /M o n n e t.
G e o rg e lin /M o n n e t,A rd e b e rg /L y n g a ,H u n g e r/
K u d r itz k i, W e id e m a n n ,L o h m a n n /W e ig e lt,
A lc a fn o ,H o u z ia u x /N a n d y ,S u r d e j/S w in g s , V o g t.
V o g t, W le r ic k ,B o u c h e t,D a n k s /K o o rn n e e f,
S e itte r/D u e rb e c k ,P a k u ll, L u b ,M e ln ic k /M a n fr o id ,
W le ric k , W a m s te k e r.
Feb. 1979:
W a m s te k e r, B re y s a c h e r,W le r ic k /B o u c h e t,A dam ,
R itte r/S c h r\u00f6 d e r,V e ro n .
M arch 1979:
V e ro n ,D a n z ig e r/F o s b u ry /G o s s /E k e rs /W a ll,
C o u rtin ,S c h u ltz /K re y s a , d e V rie s , G y ld e n k e rn e ,
S c h n u r, B e rg e ro n , D e n n e fe ld , K u n th ,U lr ic h ,
S e g g e w is s .
Feb. 1979:
D e c .1 9 7 8 :
Jan. 1979:
3

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->