Further practice with counting blocks-of-10 by ones (1, 2, 3, . . . ) and by tens(10, 20, 30, . . . ) will also help children to connect these ideas. Eventually,children should recognize the relationship between the number of tens andones and the everyday number name, or total number of ones. Some childrenfind it helpful to remove the covers on blocks-of-10 during these counts. You can also have children discuss the names they say when they count by tens. Ask,
? What number less than 10 sounds like
Set out a collection of blocks, for example, 4 blocks-of-10 and 7 single blocks.Have one child tell the number of tens and another child tell the number of ones. Say,
We have 4 blocks-of-10 and 7 ones. In everyday language, we tell the total number of single blocks there would be if we unpacked all the blocks. What would that number be?
When the children agree that the everyday number name is
, presenta new challenge:
Suppose you couldn’t remember the everyday name for 9 blocks-of-10 and 2 ones
(show these blocks)
. What could you do?
Children might suggest several options:
“I could unpack the blocks-of-10 and count all the single blocks.”“I could count the blocks-of-10 by tens and then say the ones.”“I could think about which name for tens sounds like nine.”
Practicing Key Ideas
As the children enter the classroom for the day,each one places a single block in abasket.After the children have all arrived and settled in,gather them in a circle.Ask them to count off to find out how many are present.Next,draw children’s attention to the basket.Say,
When you came in this morning, each of you placed a block in this basket. Can anyone tellme how many blocks there are in the basket?
If not everyone is certain of the answer,distribute the blocks and have the childrencount around the circle again,holding up their blocks as they do so.Ask each child toagain place his or her block in the basket.Again ask,
How many blocks are in the basket? How many of you are here today?
When everyone agrees on the number of blocks,ask,
How many blocks-of-10 do you think we can make?