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Fine particle filtration in aquaculture

Fine particle filtration in aquaculture

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Aquaculture is the fastest growing animal production industry in the world; almost every region is experiencing rapid growth in the farming of fish, molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic plants.
Aquaculture is the fastest growing animal production industry in the world; almost every region is experiencing rapid growth in the farming of fish, molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic plants.

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Published by: International Aquafeed magazine on Jul 19, 2013
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08/31/2013

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 July | August 2013Fine particle ltration in aquaculture
International Aquafeed is published six times a year by Perendale Publishers Ltd of the United Kingdom. All data is published in good faith, based on information received, and while every care is taken to prevent inaccuracies,the publishers accept no liability for any errors or omissions or for the consequences of action taken on the basis of information published.©Copyright 2013 Perendale Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any formor by any means without prior permission of the copyright owner. Printed by Perendale Publishers Ltd. ISSN: 1464-0058
INCORPORATINGfIsh fARmING TeChNOlOGy
 
A
quacultureisthefastestgrowinganimalproductionindustryintheworld;almosteveryregionisexperiencingrapidgrowthinthefarmingoffish,molluscs,crustaceansandaquaticplants.
 WorthoverAUD$200billionglobally,theaquacultureindustryhasbeengrowingatafasterratethantheworld’spopulationforthepastfivedecades,resultinginaverycompeti- tivemarketplacetoday.Suchdramaticgrowthintheaquacultureindustryhasdriventrendsinfiltrationandoxygenationtechniquesforwardtofocusonhighefficiencysystemswhichofferfineparticlefiltration.Thisisduetotherealisa- tionthatsystemschosenpurelyfortheirlowcostmaynotnecessarilydeliverprofit-ableresults.Thehealthandgrowthofyourfishdependgreatlyuponthefiltrationandoxygenationofthewaterinwhichtheylive.Therefore,itisvitalyouinvestinaqualitysystemsoyoucanproducelarge,healthyfishasquicklyaspossibletoincreaseyourprofitmargin.“Thefiltrationforaquacultureisverydiffer-enttoanythingelse,asyouarefilteringtotallydifferentmaterialwhichismuchlargerinmass–suchaspondweed,fishfoodandfishwaste,”saysBryanGoh,director,WatercoLtd,Australia,aninternationalmanufacturer,whichproducesarangeoffiltrationsolutionsforcommercialanddomesticsystems.Thoseusingclosedsystemshavetakenparticularlytorecirculatingfiltrationsystems,whichentailthesamewaterbeingrecircu-latedaninfinitenumberoftimesafterbeingproperlyfilteredandslightlytoppeduptomakeupforthewaterwhichislostthroughevaporation.Fineparticlesaredefinedasparticulatematterthatis2.5micronsorlessindiameter; therefore,theycanbeleftbehindbysomefiltrationsystemsthatarenotdesignedtocaptureparticlesthatsmall.Fineparticlefiltrationisimportantforthreereasons:1.Theamountofwastethatfishproducecanquicklydestroywaterclarityandreducetheamountofoxygenthefishcanabsorb,whichinturnlowerstheirgrowthrate.Thequickerthiswasteisremoved;lessoxygenwillbeusedby thebacteriathatarebreakingitdown2.Substancesthataretoxictofishinsmallquantities,suchasammoniaandnitrite,needtoberemovedquicklybeforetheyuseupagreatdealoftheoxygeninthewaterandimpactonthehealthofyourfish3.Largeamountsoffeedcanalsointro-ducewasteintothewaterandencour-agebacteriagrowth,whicheatuptheoxygensupplythatyourfishneed;adequatefiltrationaddressesthisissue
Types of filtration
Themovementtowardsfineparticlefiltra- tionhasresultedinafewparticulartypesoffiltrationandwasteremovalsystemsbeingfavouredintheaquacultureindustry.Theseincludescreens,gravitationalsettling,sandandbeadfilters,flotation/foamfractionationandcentrifuges.Gravitationalsettling,alsoknownassedi-mentation,isawasteremovalsystemthatdependsonthedifferentdensitiesofthewaterandwasteparticlesdrawingthewasteparticlesdownandoutofthetank.However,wasteparticlesinaquacultureareusuallyonlyslightlydenserthanthewaterandsocantake timetosettle.Fasterseparationisachievedwhenthedensityisvastlydifferent;mostaquaculturesystemsuse15-20minutereten- tiontimesforwaste.
Filter screens
Filterscreensareaformofmechanicalwasteremoval.Openingsizescanvaryfrom
Fine particle filtration in aquaculture
by Katie Adema, journalist, Waterco Ltd, Australia
18 | InernAIonA
AquAFeed
| July-August 2013
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