3 Balancing of Workstations
Assembly lines necessitate out stringing together workstations which carry outoperations in a sequence so that the product gets completed in stages. Since theworkflow has to be uniform and operations may require different periods forcompletion the necessity of Line Balancing is felt. Capacities at workstations andthe workforce to man are so adjusted that a product in the process of assemblyalmost approximately the same amount of time.
4 Rationalization of Packaging Methods
With logistics becoming an important function of the supply chain and outsourcingbecoming thenorm, packaging has become an important aspect, packaging has becomeimportant . Space is at a premium and therefore stacking and storing have to morescientific. Movements inside thepremises from one location to another location are being done with automatedsystems and they need that thepackaging systemsare designed for safe transit,continuous monitoring – both for quantities and operations. In case of outsourcedproducts the materials used and their design should facilitate reuse of the samewhich brings in economy.
5 Quality Circles
Kaoru Ishikawa is generally considered to have promoted the concept of QualityCircles. It is well known that he is the originator of
to identify theroot cause of any problem. The causes for the existence of a problem are classifiedas pertaining to the material, processes or method or any factor that goes intoproduction. The matter is further investigated and pursued till the exact cause isdetermined. Quality circles use these principles in solving problems. The teamsselect projects selected on the above basis and implement actions to achieveimprovement in the processes with a view to improve quality. Since these activitiesare carried out without affecting the regular day to day work and involve littleinvolvement of the managers, team work gets reinforced and results in continuousimprovement in methods and quality. The capital deployed is minimal, if at all, andtherefore productivity is enhanced.
Q2. Write a detailed note on Split case order fulfillment methods and mechanization.
Split-case Order Fulfillment Methods and Mechanisation
This system looks at situations when bulk supplies in full cases to one or moredestinations are not done. Fulfillment of orders which need different merchandise indifferent quantities requires that ‘cases’ will have to be split, and pieces picked,repacked in cartons and ship to the customer. .Mechanisationhelps in improvingidentification, pickup and repacking the materials in addition to relieving monotonyof the workers. A few strategies of achieving this objective optimally are discussedhere.
1 Order Picking Methods
Items as per customer requirements have to be picked and packed in a logicalmanner and assigned to personnel so that their productivity is maximized.Accuracy of fulfillment of order is ensured by two basic factorsa) Order Extent it is defined as the number of order to be picked simultaneously bya picker in an assignment. This is categorized as discrete order picking in whichcase a single order is selected at a time and Batch order Picking in which case the