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Article Review Final

Article Review Final

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Published by Piyush Malviya
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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Piyush Malviya on Aug 01, 2013
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Page 1 of 1
 Article Review
The purpose of an article review is to provide a summary and evaluation of a piece of writing. When a lecturer reads an article review written by a student, they want to seeevidence that the student has not only understood the topic of the article, but is able toevaluate the article in relation to their own knowledge of the topic and other relevant knowledge in the field. The annotated example below provides useful guidance on how toorganise information within your article review and how to select and use languagestrategies which help make your writing more evaluative.
 Annotated Example of an Article Review
This is an authentic example of student writing. Therefore you should not view this as amodel – while it contains many attributes of a successful article review, it is not a perfect piece of writing. The comments on the right hand‐side draw your attention to bothstrengths and weaknesses in the review, but are not comprehensive and as such youshould not assume that sections of the article review which do not have comments arewithout problems. Please not that the language in this article review is not without grammatical errors.
Functional elements Article Review: Introduction Languageresources
Citation:
tells thereader which article youare reviewing andprovides referencingdetails
Overview
: summarisesfor the reader the mainpoints and goals of thearticle (this is important – your marker wants tosee that you are able toidentify these things)
Overview of criticalassessment 
: tells thereader about youroverall assessment of 
Fabricius (2002), in her article‘Ongoing change in ModernRP: Evidence for thedisappearing stigma of t‐glottalling’,
focuses on
thereplacement of the /t/ at theend of words/syllables withthe glottal stop / / in‘Received Pronunciation’ (RP),a prestigious sociolect inBritain typically ascribed tothe royal family and the BBC.This feature is traditionallyassociated with more localisedvarieties of British English(e.g. Scots, Cockney). Theauthor
aims to highlight 
thechanging nature of both RPitself and also attitudestowards whether the inclusionof phonetic variations such ast‐glottalling can still entail‘acceptable’ RP.This article is
significant
 given that studies of 
sociolects
 
Reporting verb
carefully selectedto add morespecific meaning(compare ‘focuseson’ with‘discusses’ in thissentence)
Verb
 
group
 carefully selectedto signpost thestudent’sidentification of the goals of thearticle
Semi-technical 
 
terminologyshowsfamiliarity with
 
Page 2 of 2
Functional elements Article Review: Body Languageresources
Summary of an aspect:
summarises for thereader an aspect of thearticle (themethodologicalapproach)
Evaluation of thisaspect:
evaluates this aspect of the article (here thestudent evaluates theoriginality, rigour andcredibility of themethodologicalapproach)
2
After a
detailed
backgroundreview of both RP itself andthe numerous studies of it, theauthor turns her attention tothe main focus of the study: an
original
quantitative analysisof glottalling in RP. The data istaken from 24 interviewsconducted amongst universitystudents, all of whom weredeemed of a similar, ‘higher’social class, categorised thusby the
application of theCambridge Scale
to theirparents’ occupations coupledwith their educationalbackground. As well as socialclass, the interviewees’linguistic profile was
evaluated by professional
Evaluativevocabulary
conveysthe reviewer’spositive assessment of the rigour andoriginality of theapproach
Implicit positiveevaluation
of thecredibility/rigour of the methodologicalapproach is conveyedthrough mention of the CambridgeScale/professionalphoneticians
 
the article(here the student evaluates the article interms of ‘significance’and‘accessibility’)
deemed to be of a ‘higher’status than others(predominantly as a result of speakers’ highersocioeconomic profile) arerelatively
 
rare
.
1
Howeveras a result of the highlytechnical nature of its analysisand
somewhat
abstract implications, the article wouldperhaps
only be ofinterest
to relevant expertswell versed in sociolinguistictheory and statisticalprocesses.
important concepts withinthe discipline
 Contrastiveconjunction usedto link thepositive andnegative aspectsof the assessment 
 
Modal termused to reducethe strength of the reviewer’sassessment of the article
2
Note how the student has integratedsummary andevaluation through theuse of (sometimesimplicitly) evaluativeterms and phrases,such as ‘detailed’ and‘evaluated byprofessionalphoneticians’ tosummarise this aspect of the article. Goodcritical writing oftendoes this.
 
1
Your marker wants tosee that you can relatethe content of the articleto other knowledgewithin the discipline —in this case the student’snegative evaluation istoo general todemonstrate this type of understanding.
 
Page 3 of 3
Summary of an aspect:
summarises for thereader an aspect of thearticle (the findings of the study)
Evaluation of thisaspect:
evaluates this aspect of the article(here the student evaluates the validity andsignificance of thefindings )
phoneticians
who deemedthose included to be RPspeakers.Using a
variety
of statisticalmethods the author
demonstrates
a number of 
interesting
 
findings. Afrequency analysis
shows
 that t‐glottalling occurs morereadily in natural speech thanin formal reading,
revealing
 an element of style‐shifting inRP dependent on the situationperceived by the speaker. Aregional cross‐tabulation
shows
how speakers fromLondon and the South East of England are more prone to t‐glottalling,
3
confirming
 hypotheses on the diffusion of this feature from its historicalepicentre (London) made by
University College Londonprofessor of phonetics JCWells
and cited by the article’sauthor. Additionally, anANOVA (‘analysis of variance’)test on participants’ reactionsto two identical bodies of speech, differing in the leveland varieties of t‐glottallingcontained within each one,
reveals
that certain usages of t‐glottalling are moreacceptably ‘RP’ than others.
4
While these findings arecertainly of interest, theauthor’s somewhat 
overbearing
attention todetail in outlining the minutiaeof her study was exacting
Evaluativevocabulary
conveysthe reviewer’spositive evaluation of thevalidity/credibility/significance of thefindings (for examplecompare ’shows’ to‘suggests’ in thiscontext)
Implicit positiveevaluation
of thevalidity of the findingsis conveyed bymention of similar crediblefindingsContrastiveconjunction used tolink the positive andnegative aspects of the assessment Modal term used toreduce the strength of 
 
3
Note how the student has related thefindings in the originalarticle to otherfindings in the field.This allows them todemonstrateknowledge of the fieldand its concerns anduse this knowledge tosupport theirevaluations. The moreevidence you use toback up yourevaluations the better.
4
When you areevaluating an aspect of an article you need touse terms of evaluation that areboth
specific
to thediscipline and itsconcerns and
objective
. The use of general and personallyloaded terms such as‘overbearing attentionto detail’ and ‘point of distraction’ detractsfrom the validity of thestudent’s evaluation.

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