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Cloth Tow Target Exchange Device (1944)

Cloth Tow Target Exchange Device (1944)

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Published by CAP History Library
Civil Air Patrol
Civil Air Patrol

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: CAP History Library on Aug 02, 2013
Copyright:Public Domain

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03/28/2014

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2,435,980
eb.
17,
1948.
M_
[__
PYLE
TOW TÀRGÉT
EXCHANGE
DEVICE
Filed
OCT..
25,
1944
È
INVENTOR.
/VÄQI//N
_
/DVLE
öl.
/
BY
 
Patented
Feb.
17,1948
'il
Y.
UNITED
STATES
\ ~
2,435,980
2,435,980’
'row
TARGET
E'XCHANGEl
DEvIcEÍ
Marvin
L.
Pyle,
Los
Angeles;
'Califf
Application
octet-er
25„1944',
serialfNof.:
561x295"
Y
1
cina;
(cine-_1055351
(Granted under
nie--
act
of’>
Maren
3;
lists-¿ias
amended
April
30,
1928;
370
0. G.
757)
The
invention
described
herein
may
be
manu
factured
and
used
by
or
for
Government
for
governmental
purposes,
without
the
payment
to
me
of
any
royalty thereon.
This
invention
relates
to
aerial
tow
targets
and
more
particularly to devicesfor
exchanging
tar
gets at
the
end
of
a tow
line
while
an
airplane
is
in
flight.
The
usual
tow
target
exchange
device
comprises
a
mechanism
adapted
to
be
towed
by
an
airplane
at
the
end
of
a
tow
line,
the
mechanism
being
adapted
to
releasably
secure
an
air
ñlled
sleeve
after
it
hasbeen
hit
by
anti-aircraft
fire
and
sub
stitute
a
new
sleeve therefor,
as
described
in
the
United
States
Patent
to
Foulk
N0.
1,971,340
granted
August
28,
1934.
The
new
sleeve
is
at
tached
to
the
tow
line
at
the
airplane
end
there
of
by
means
of
a,
slip
ring
adapted
to
slidably
encompass
the
line,
the
sleeve
then
being
slid
alongthe
tow
line to
the
exchange
device
by
virtue
of
the
forward
flight
of
the
plane.
Upon
the
arrival
of
the
slip
ring
at
the
end
of
the
tow
line
it
engages
the
exchange
device,
actuating
a
detent
mechanism
therein
to release
the
hit
target
sleeve
which
s
thus
dropped
to
the ground, the
new
tar
get
sleeve
then
moving
into position
whereat
the
slip
ring
thereof
is
arrested
by
the detent
mecha
nism,
and
s
in
positionto
be
iired
upon.
As
illus
trated
in
Fig.
1
of
the
drawing,
one
of
the
draw
backs
of
present
target
exchange
devices
resides
in
the
fact
that
at
the
point
of
attachment
be
tween
the
tow
line
and
the
exchange
device
a
cer
tain
amount
of
angularity
exists
.between
the
tow
line
and
the
forward
portion
of
the
device
due
to
swerving
of
the
airplane
and
changing
wind
con
ditions
acting
on
the
tow
line
and
the
target.
As
a
result of this
angular
relation
the
slip
ring
of
the
new
target
sleeve
cannot
slide
smoothly
from
the
tow
line
to
the
exchange
device
and
at
the
point
of
attachment
therebetween,
which
is
the
vertex
of
the
angle,
the
slip
ring brings
a shock
force to
bear
which
is
at
times
sufficient
to
cut
the
tow
line
at
this
point,
the
exchange
mecha
nism and
the
sleeve
being thus
lost.
The
prin
cipal
object
of
my
invention
is
to
overcome
this
diñîculty
and,
accordingly, I
provide
a
target
ex
change
device
comprising
a
universal
joint
incor
porated
therein
between
the
front portion there
of,
l.
e.,
the
nose
piece,
which
is
attached
to
the
tow
line,
and
the
detent
mechanism.
Such
a
structure provides
for
a
substantially straight
path between
the
tow
line
and
the
nose
piece
of
the
exchange
device so
that
the
slip
ring
has
sub
stantially
passed
beyond
the
tow
line
before
it
can
bring
any
shock
force to
bear,
the
shock
force
5
10
15
2530
40
45
55
2
then
being
taken
by
the
body
of
the
device
which
is
substantially
stronger
in
shear
than
the
tow
line
and
unlikely
to
be
cut
by
the
slip
ring.
A
etailed disclosure
of
my
invention
now
ol
lows
with
reference
to
the
appendeddrawing
in
which:
Fig.
1
illustrates
a
conventional
tow
target
ex
change
device
for
the
purpose
of
clearly
demon
strating
the
distinction
in
operation
between
my
invention
and
prior
device;
Fig.
2
illustrates
a
general
view
of
the
improved
tow
target
exchange
device;
and
Fig.
3
illustrates
theinvention
inoperation.
With
reference
to
Fig.
2,
there
is
disclosed
a
tow
target
exchange
device
having
a body
comprising
a nose
piece
I
adapted
to
be attached
to
a
tow
line
(not
shown)
and
articulated to
an
elongated
housing element
of
a
detent
mechanism,
gener
ally
indicated
by
A,
through
aconventionaluni
versal
ball
and
socket
joint
structure
comprising
a
ball
3
and
the
universally
movable
sockets or
retaining
members
5
and
6
secured
to
nose
piece
I
and
the
mechanism
portion
of
the
body,
re
spectively,
the
said articulated
body
being
of
sub
stantially cylindrical
shape
to
permit
unobstruct
ed
passage
of
an
exchange
target
from
the
nose
piece
and
over the
ball
and
socket
joint
to
the
detent
mechanism
of
the
housing element
when
the
nose
piece
and
the
housing
element
are
aligned.
The
detent
mechanism
is
of
conven
tional
form
and
comprises
a
trigger
8
cooperating
with
a catch
or
detent
lever
9
and
a
leaf
spring
iIl.
The
structure
and
the operation
of
the
mech
anism
is
substantially
the
same
as
that
described
in
the
aforementioned United
States
Patent
to
'
Foulk
No,
1,971,340,
the operation being
depend
ent
upon
engagement
of
a
slip
ring
Il
of
a
new
target
sleeve
(not
shown)
with
the
trigger
8
therebyA
actuating the
lever
9
against
the
bias
of
spring
I0,
the
hook
I2
on
lever
`9
releasing
the
slip
ring
I3
of
the
hit
target
sleeve
(not
shown)which
is
carried
off
by
the
air
current
and
drops
to
the
ground.
In
flight,
as
shown
in
Fig.
3,
a
tow
lineI5
beingattached
to
nose
piece
I
and
being
pulled
in
the
-direction
of
the
arrow,
the
tow
line
I5
as
sumes
a
substantially straight
line
with
respect
to
the
nose
piece
I
due
to
the
universal
joint
pro
vided
between
the
nose
piece
I
and
the
detent
mechanism
A.
Accordingly,
a
slip
ring
I'I
of
a
substitute
target
sleeve
I8
will
have
substantially
a straightpath
in
passing
from
the
tow
line
I5
to
and
over
the
nose
piece
I,
the
shockdue
to
angularity
between
the
tow
line
and
the
release
mechanism
A
eing
taken
along the
body
of
the

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