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October 2011 FISA Court Opinion

October 2011 FISA Court Opinion

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Published by Ryan Gallagher
October 2011 FISA Court Opinion and Order on unlawful NSA surveillance.
October 2011 FISA Court Opinion and Order on unlawful NSA surveillance.

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Published by: Ryan Gallagher on Aug 22, 2013
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09/13/2013

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TOP SECRET//COMINT//ORCON,NOF(M^
UNITED STATESFOREIGN INTELLIGENCE SURVEILLANCE COURTWASHINGTON,
D.C.
MEMORANDUM
OPINION
These
matters
are
before
the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court ("FISC" or "Court")on: (1) the "Government's Ex
Parte
Submission
of 
Reauthorization Certification and Related Procedures, Ex
Parte
Submission of Amended Certifications, and 
Request
for an Order 
Approving
Such Certification and Amended Certifications" for 
DNI/AG
702(g)
Certifications
TOP SECRET//COMINT//ORCON,NOFORN
 
TOP
SECRET//COMINT//ORCON,NOFORN—
|.
which was
filed
on
April
20, 2011; (2) the "Government's Ex
Parte
Submission
of 
Reauthorization Certification and Related Procedures, Ex
Parte
Submission of Amended Certifications, and 
Request
for an Order Approving Such Certification and Amended Certifications" for 
DNI/AG
702(g)
Certifications^ |. whichwas
filed
on
April
22,2011; and (3) the "Government's Ex
Parte
Submission of ReauthorizationCertificationand Related Procedures, Ex
Parte
Submission
of 
Amended Certifications, and 
Request
for an Order Approving Such Certification and Amended Certifications" for 
DNI/AG
702(g)
Certifications |, which was also
filed
on
April
22,2011.
1
Through
these
submissions, the
government
seeks
approval
of 
the acquisition of certain
telephone
and 
Internet
communications
pursuant
to Section 702
of 
the Foreign IntelligenceSurveillance Act
("FISA"
or the
"Act"),
50
U.S.C.
§ 1881a, which
requires
judicial
review for compliance with both
statutory
and constitutional
requirements.
For the
reasons
set forth below,the
government's
requests
for approval are
granted 
in
part
and denied in
part.
The Courtconcludes
that
one
aspect
of 
the proposed collection - the
"upstream
collection"
of 
Internet
transactions
containing multiple communications - is, in
some
respects,
deficient on
statutory
and constitutional
grounds.
1
For 
ease
of 
reference,
the Court
will
refer 
to
these three
filings collectively as the
"April
2011 Submissions."
TOP
SECRET//COMINT//ORCON,NOFORN
Page
2
 
TOP
SECRET//COMINT//ORCON,NOFORN
BACKGROUND
A.
The Certifications and AmendmentsThe
April
2011 Submissions include
DNI/AG
702(g) Certification!
all
of 
which
were executed by the AttorneyGeneraland the Director 
of 
National
Intelligence
("DM")
pursuant
to Section 702. previous certifications have been submitted by the government and approved by the Court
 pursuant
to Section 702. |
•••••••••^•^••[IHHHH
(collectively,
theDockets"). Each of the
April
2011 Submissions also includes supporting affidavits by the
Director 
or 
Acting
Director of the National Security Agency
("NSA"),
the Director 
of 
the FederalBureau of Investigation
("FBI"),|
two
sets
of targeting procedures, for use by
NSA
and 
FBI
respectively; and 
three
sets
of 
minimization
procedures, for use by
NSA, FBI,
and 
CIA,
respectively.
2
Like
the acquisitions approved by the Court in the eight Prior 702 Dockets, collection
2
The targeting and 
minimization
procedures accompanying
Certification
[ | are
identical
to
those
accompanying | | As discussed  below, the
NSA
targeting procedures and 
FBI
minimization
procedures accompanyingCertifications | | also are identical to the
NSA
targeting proceduresand 
FBI
minimization
procedures
that
were submitted by the government and approved by theCourt for use in connection with Certifications | The
FBI
targeting procedures and the
NSA
and 
CIA
minimization
procedures
that
accompany the
April
2011Submissions differ in several
respects
from the corresponding procedures
that
were submitted bythe government and approved by the Court in connection with Certifications
|~~
TOP
SECRET//COMINT//ORCON,NOFORN
Page 3

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