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DFG Sonderforschungsbereich 700 Governance in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit - Neue Formen des Regierens?DFG Research Center (SFB) 700 Governance in Areas of Limited Statehood - New Modes of Governance?
Making Sense of Concepts, Research Frameworksand Results
Marco Schäferho/Sabine Campe/Christopher Kaan
Transnational Public-Private Partnershipsin International Relations
SFB-Governance Working Paper Series • No. 6 • August 2007
 
DFG Research Center (SFB) 700Freie Universität Berlin
Alfried-Krupp-Haus Berlin
Binger Straße 40D-14197 BerlinGermanyPhone: +49-30-838 58502Fax: +49-30-838 58540E-mail: sfb700@zedat.fu-berlin.deWeb: www.sfb-governance.deThis publication can be downloaded from our website www.
sfb-governance.de/en/publikationen or ordered as printed
version by e-mail from sfb700@zedat.fu-berlin.de.
Schäferho, Marco/Campe, Sabine/Kaan, Christopher 2007: Transnational Public-Private Partnerships in International
Relations. Making Sense of Concepts, Research Frameworks and Results, SFB-Governance Working Paper Series, No. 6, DFGResearch Center (SFB) 700, Berlin, August 2007.ISSN 1863-6896 (Print)ISSN 1864-1024 (Internet)This publication has been funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG).
Content 
1. Introducing transnational public-private partnerships 4
1.1.Deningtransnationalpublic-privatepartnerships
61.2. Debating transnational public-private partnerships 92. On the emergence of transnational public-private partnerships 10
 3.Ontheeectivenessoftransnationalpublic-privatepartnerships
133.1. Simple performance of transnational PPPs in terms of policy formulation 143.2. Simple performance of transnational PPPs in terms of policy implementation 153.3. On the complex performance of transnational public-private partnerships 214. On the legitimacy of transnational public-private partnerships 234.1. Discussing the legitimacy of non-state actors 234.2. Inclusiveness of transnational public-private partnerships 254.3. Accountability of transnational public-private partnerships 284.4. Deliberation in transnational public-private partnerships 305. Conclusion: Transnational public-private partnerships in world politics 31Bibliography 33
 
SFB-Governance Working Paper Series • No. 6 • August 2007 | 3
Transnational Public-Private Partnerships in International Relations:Making Sense of Concepts, Research Frameworks and Results
Marco Schäferho/Sabine Campe/Christopher Kaan 
Abstract
Transnational public-private partnerships have become a popular theme in International Re-lations (IR) research. Such partnerships constitute a hybrid type of governance, in which non-state actors co-govern along with state actors for the provision of public goods, and therebyadopt governance functions that have formerly been the sole authority of sovereign states.
Their recent proliferation is an expression of the contemporary reconguration of authorityin world politics that poses essential questions on the eectiveness and the legitimacy of global governance. Signicant issues are at stake concerning whether transnational public-private partnerships can in fact deliver public goods in an eective and legitimate way. This
article surveys the literature with regard to three central issues: It addresses the questions why
transnational public-private partnerships emerge, under which conditions they are eective,
and under which conditions they are legitimate governance instruments. The article demon-strates that, at present, research on transnational public-private partnerships is theoretically
under-informed and suers from poor research designs. As is pointed out in the course of the article, future research on transnational public-private partnerships could benet from
well-known IR theories on international institutions, from compliance theories in particular.Applying these IR theories to partnerships opens up the possibility for the systematic com-parative research that is necessary to obtain conclusive knowledge about transnational public-private partnerships.
Zusammenfassung
Transnationale öentlich-private Steuerungsformen (public-private partnerships) haben sich
zu einem bedeutenden Forschungsgegenstand der politikwissenschaftlichen TeildisziplinInternationale Beziehungen entwickelt. Transnationale Partnerschaften stellen eine hybri-
de Form von transnationaler Governance dar, bei der nicht-staatliche Akteure zur Herstel
-
lung von öentlichen Gütern direkt in politische Steuerungsprozesse einbezogen werdenund Steuerungsfunktionen übernehmen, die vorher in der alleinigen Autorität souveränerStaaten gewesen sind. Öentlich-private Partnerschaften werfen zentrale Fragen bezüglichder Eektivität und Legitimität von Global Governance auf. In diesem Arbeitspapier wird dieLiteratur über transnationale Partnerschaften im Hinblick auf drei zentrale Fragestellungen
untersucht. Zunächst werden die Entstehungsbedingungen von transnationalen Partner-schaften beleuchtet. Daran anschließend wird diskutiert, ob und unter welchen Bedingungen
transnationale Partnerschaften eektive Governance-Instrumente sind. Schließlich wird dieLiteratur auf die Fragen hin analysiert, ob und inwieweit öentlich-private Partnerschaften
legitime Governance-Formen darstellen. Wie die Diskussion der gegenwärtigen Forschungzeigt, mangelt es an theoriegeleiteten Vergleichsstudien. Der Artikel zeigt, dass die Forschungzu transnationalen Partnerschaften von Theorien zu internationalen Institutionen, insbeson-dere von
compliance 
-Theorien, protieren kann.

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