The FY2006 R&D funding totals, in this section do not reflect the 1% across-the-boardfunding recision approved by Congress. see P. L. 109-148
Federal Research and DevelopmentFunding: FY2006
The Bush Administration requested $132.4 billion in federal research anddevelopment (R&D) funding for FY2006. This sum represents a $400 millionincrease over the FY2005 estimated funding level of $132 billion. CRS estimates thatCongress has approved a record $135.7 billion for federal R&D in FY2006, a 2.8%increase over the FY2005 estimated funding level. However, nearly all of thatincrease can be attributed to increases in defense weapons systems and the NationalAeronautics and Space Administration’s $877 million increase for human spaceexploration technology.
(See Table 13)
Basic research funding would decline by 0.5% below the FY2005 estimatedlevel, declining to an estimated $26.7 billion in FY2006. Five agencies account for90% of all federal basic research expenditures. Total federal research funding (thesum of basic and applied research) is projected to increase $1 billion to $57 billion.However, the majority of that increase would go to NASA, while most of theremaining federal agencies would receive below inflation increases for researchfunding.While the President essentially requested flat funding for the Department of Defense (DOD) R&D programs, Congress approved an estimated $ 72.1 billion DODR&D, a 4.2 % increase over FY2005 funding levels. Most of that increase is a resultof Congress increasing DOD’s proposed science and technology budget by $2.5billion more than was requested by the Administration.Funding for the National Institutes of Health (NIH) would decline, in nominaldollars for the first time in 36 years. Since the completion of doubling NIH’s budget(between 1998-2003), funding has declined to the FY2003 funding level, afteradjusting for inflation.Most R&D funding agencies now face budgets that are shrinking to levels of years past, in real dollars. While it has been 24 years since NIH’s budget declined inreal dollars, other agencies such as the National Science Foundation, DOE’s Officeof Science, NASA (excluding human space exploration), and Agriculture, have livedwith stagnate budgets for several years. Consequently, in real dollars, all of theseagencies will have less R&D funding in FY2006 than they did in FY2003.