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400 Puzzles

400 Puzzles

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Published by jitendratrivedi
puzzles for competative exams
puzzles for competative exams

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Published by: jitendratrivedi on Aug 03, 2009
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10/10/2010

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Three friends divided some bullets equally. After all of them shot 4 bullets thetotal number of bullets remaining is equal to the bullets each had after division.Find the original number divided. 
Answer 18
 Assume that initial there were 3*X bullets.So they got X bullets each after division.All of them shot 4 bullets. So now they have (X - 4) bullets each.But it is given that, after they shot 4 bullets each, total number of bulletsremaining is equal to the bullets each had after division i.e. XTherefore, the equation is3 * (X - 4) = X3 * X - 12 = X2 * X = 12X = 6Therefore the total bullets before division is = 3 * X = 18Find sum of digits of D.LetA= 1999
1999
 B = sum of digits of AC = sum of digits of BD = sum of digits of C(HINT : A = B = C = D (mod 9)) 
Answer The sum of the digits od D is 1.
 Let E = sum of digits of D.It follows from the hint that A = E (mod 9)
 
Consider,A = 1999
1999
< 2000
2000
= 2
2000
* 1000
2000
= 1024
200
* 10
6000
< 10
800
* 10
6000
= 10
6800
 i.e. A < 10
6800
i.e. B < 6800 * 9 = 61200i.e. C < 5 * 9 = 45i.e. D < 2 * 9 = 18i.e. E <= 9i.e. E is a single digit number.Also,1999 = 1 (mod 9)so 1999
1999
= 1 (mod 9)
Therefore we conclude that E=1.
There is a 50m long army platoon marching ahead. The last person in the platoon wantsto give a letter to the first person leading the platoon. So while the platoon is marching heruns ahead, reaches the first person and hands over the letter to him and without stoppinghe runs and comes back to his original position.In the mean time the whole platoon has moved ahead by 50m.The question is how much distance did the last person cover in that time. Assuming that
 
he ran the whole distance with uniform speed.
Submitted 
Answer The last person covered 120.71 meters.
 It is given that the platoon and the last person moved with uniform speed. Also,they both moved for the identical amount of time. Hence, the ratio of the distancethey covered - while person moving forward and backword - are equal.Let's assume that when the last person reached the first person, the platoonmoved X meters forward.Thus, while moving forward the last person moved (50+X) meters whereas theplatoon moved X meters.Similarly, while moving back the last person moved [50-(50-X)] X meters whereasthe platoon moved (50-X) meters.Now, as the ratios are equal,(50+X)/X = X/(50-X)(50+X)*(50-X) = X*XSolving, X=35.355 metersThus, total distance covered by the last person= (50+X) + X= 2*X + 50= 2*(35.355) + 50= 120.71 metersNote that at first glance, one might think that the total distance covered by thelast person is 100 meters, as he ran the total lenght of the platoon (50 meters)twice. TRUE, but that's the relative distance covered by the last person i.e.assuming that the platoon is stationary.If you take a marker & start from a corner on a cube, what is the maximumnumber of edges you can trace across if you never trace across the same edgetwice, never remove the marker from the cube, & never trace anywhere on thecube, except for the corners & edges? 
Answer 9
 

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