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The Nagoya Protocol and Synthetic Biology Research

The Nagoya Protocol and Synthetic Biology Research

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Published by The Wilson Center
This report assesses how implementation of the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing (NP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) may affect U.S. researchers working in the area of synthetic biology. It also analyzes selected provisions in CBD-related national legislation predating the NP that may be relevant for such researchers.

Despite this uncertainty, and despite the fact that the U.S. is not a party Executive Summary to the CBD/NP, U.S. researchers would be well-advised to inquire into the origin of tangible genetic material that they use and, where applicable, to ensure that such material was taken in compliance with the domestic law of a provider country.
This report assesses how implementation of the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing (NP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) may affect U.S. researchers working in the area of synthetic biology. It also analyzes selected provisions in CBD-related national legislation predating the NP that may be relevant for such researchers.

Despite this uncertainty, and despite the fact that the U.S. is not a party Executive Summary to the CBD/NP, U.S. researchers would be well-advised to inquire into the origin of tangible genetic material that they use and, where applicable, to ensure that such material was taken in compliance with the domestic law of a provider country.

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Published by: The Wilson Center on Nov 14, 2013
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11/25/2013

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    S    Y    N    T    H    E    T    I    C     B    I    O    L    O    G    Y     P    R    O    J    E    C    T     /    S    Y    N    B    I    O     6
SYNBIO 6
THE NAGOYA PROTOCOL AND SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY RESEARCH:
 A Look at the Potential Impacts
 
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    S    Y    N    T    H    E    T    I    C     B    I    O    L    O    G    Y     P    R    O    J    E    C    T    /
    T    H    E    N    A    G    O    Y    A    P    R    O    T    O    C    O    L    A    N    D    S    Y    N    T    H    E    T    I    C    B    I    O    L    O    G    Y    R    E    S    E    A    R    C    H   :    A    L    O    O    K    A    T    T    H    E    P    O    T    E    N    T    I    A    L    I    M    P    A    C    T    S
 Table of Contents
 About the Authors
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Glossary of Terms
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
 Acronyms
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
 
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY AND GENETIC RESOURCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9BACKGROUND ON THE CONVENTION ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY AND THE NAGOYA PROTOCOL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Legislation Predating the Nagoya Protocol
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Temporal Scope (Retroactivity)
 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
The Breadth of CBD/NP Coverage
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Relevance for Researchers
 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21CONCLUSION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
 Appendix – Bonn Guidelines
 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Endnotes
 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
 
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 The views expressed are the authors own and do not necessarily represent those of the Woodrow Wilson Interna-tional Center for Scholars, University of Virginia School of Law, or Duke Law School.
Written by 
Margo A. Bagley,
Professor of Law, University of Virginia School of Law
 Arti K. Rai,
Elvin R. Latty Professor, Duke Law School
THE NAGOYA PROTOCOL AND SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY RESEARCH:
 A Look at the Potential Impacts
SYNBIO 6/November 2013

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