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PSYC 2301 Final Review

PSYC 2301 Final Review

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Published by Clay Handley

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Published by: Clay Handley on Aug 11, 2009
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06/01/2013

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Anything that has to do with research – case study, correlational, experiment,independent and dependent variables, double blind, placebo, cross-sectional,longitudinal
Biology of the brain – sympathetic, parasympathetic, frontal lobes,hypothalamus, limbic system
Brain scans – Differences in PET, CT, MRI, EEG, etc.
Plasticity
Understanding stress – sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system,approach-aproach, avoidance-avoidance, approach-avoidance, generaladaption syndrome
Health and stress management – coping strategies, type A/B personalities
Personality – classical and operant conditioning, little Albert and the rabbit,neutral stimulus, unconditioned stimulus, negative/positive reinforcement,shaping, observational, cognitive
Memory – different models of memory (p. 175), green boxes on 176+177
Studying development (p. 228) – early development, physical development,pag’s stages
Moral development stages (p. 260)
Ericson’s Psychosocial stages
Humanistic, Freud, personality disorders
Personality assessment, 5 factor model Test #4 Questions/AnswersAn individual’s relatively stable and enduring patten of thoughs, feelings, andactions is known as his or herA: personalityResearch shows that the “Big 5” may be a biological universal becauseA: the five traits correlate with characteristics that are preferred by theopposite sex, the first four most preferred traits for mates are the same forfemales and males, cross-cultural studies support the “Big 5”
 
A major premise underlying psychoanalytic or psychodynamic theories of personality is thatA: unconscious forces have an enormaous impact on our behavioraccording to Freud the thoughts and information that you are fcurrently aware of, orremembering is called yourA: consciousconcerned with immediate graitificatiionA: idthe rational part of the psyche that deals with reality and tries to meet the needs of the other two mental structures is called theA: ego The ____ operates on the pleasure principle, seeking immediate gratificationA: idfirst and most basic defense mechanismA: repressionAccording to Freud, each stage of development is characterized by a conflictbetween the id and the ____. If unresolved, Freud believed a person would become _____.A: social demands; fixatedwhich is incorrectly matchedA: oral conflict: language developmentAccording to Jung, our collective unconscious consists of _____.A: inherited archetypes (not one’s cultural architecture or the “archaeology of the soul”According to Jung, the primitive images and patterns of thoughts, feelings, andbehavior that reside in the collective underscoreA: ArchetypesAnimus and AnimaA: Female and Male components of personality
 
On _____ personality tests, people are asked to descrive themselves on paper andpencil tasks that have a limited number of response options and a standardizedscorin g systemobjectiveA multiphasic personality test measures _____.A: a range of personality traitsMost widely researched and clinically used self-report, personality test is _____.A: MMPI-2DSM-IV meansA: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental DisordersA major depressive is disorder is BEST charactized by ____.A: a long-lasting depressed moodPersons with anxiety disorders who are hyper vigilant are thought to have ____.A: faulty thinking patternsSomeone who experiences episodes of mania or cycles between mania anddepression has a _____.A: bipolar disorderA disorder that is characterized by severely disturbed perception, language,thought, emotion and behavior is ______.A: schizophrenia Term for sensory perception that occurs in the absence of an external stimulus.A: hallucinationSchizophrenia is associated with ____.A: withdrawal from others, withdrawal from reality, delusions andhallucinationsEgocentrism, lack of conscious, impulsive behavior, and superficial charm arecharacteristics of ____.A: anti-social behavior

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