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Microorganisms as Research Tools_Presentation

Microorganisms as Research Tools_Presentation

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Published by Rinta Moon
Microorganisms in genetic engineering
Antibiotics produced using microorganisms
Fungal metabolic products useful as antibiotics
Antibiotics of Bacterial Origin (only Streptomyces)
Vitamin Production
Biotransformation of Steroids
Vaccine
Bacterial and Viral Vaccines in Current Use
Microbial enzymes
Microorganisms in genetic engineering
Antibiotics produced using microorganisms
Fungal metabolic products useful as antibiotics
Antibiotics of Bacterial Origin (only Streptomyces)
Vitamin Production
Biotransformation of Steroids
Vaccine
Bacterial and Viral Vaccines in Current Use
Microbial enzymes

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Published by: Rinta Moon on Nov 30, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/30/2013

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Microorganisms as research tools
 
Introduction
Microorganisms are minute living things that are individually too small to be seen with the naked eye. They can only be seen with the help of microscope. They include bacteria, fungi, protists, microscopic plants (green algae); and animals (plankton and the planarian). Some microbiologists also include viruses.
Microbiology is the study of microbes. It is divided into two major fields: theoretical and applied. In applied microbiology, industrial and pharmaceutical microbiology are the most promising areas.
 
Microorganisms in genetic engineering
Genetic engineering is the manipulation of genes.  Also called recombinant DNA technology.
Plasmid method, is the most familiar technique in genetic
engineering in which pieces of DNA (genes) are introduced into a
host by means of a carrier (vector) system. Vector - Plasmid (circular bacterial DNA)
Human insulin (used against diabetes), and human growth hormone
(used to treat pituitary dwarfism) are the two products commercially
produced by this method.
E. coli
bacterium is used in the production of human insulin.

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