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LECTIA 03 Trecut Si Timpurile Perfecte

LECTIA 03 Trecut Si Timpurile Perfecte

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Published by Mihaela Inceu
gramatica engleza
gramatica engleza

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Published by: Mihaela Inceu on Dec 12, 2013
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LECTIA 3TRECUTUL SI TIMPURILE PERFECTE
TRECUTUL SIMPLU (SIMPLE PAST TENSE)
Trecutul simplu - FORMA
Afirmativ: INFINITIV + ed (vb reguate)F!rma a II"a a vb# (vb $ereguate)Negativ: did $!t + INFINITIVI$ter!gativ: did + %ubie&t + INFINITIV
Utilizare:1. actiu!e "i!alizata i! trecut ca!# este me!ti!at mme!tul actiu!ii:Tm
arrived
$ester#a$.Clum%us
discovered
America i! 1&'(.A#)er%ele sau e*presiile #e timp pt "i  marca a trecutului simplu:
 yesterday, last week, two years ago, last summer, a month ago
etc.(. actiu!e "i!alizata SI+UR i! trecut c,iar #aca timpul U este me!ti!at:rutus
assassinated
/ulius Caesar.
 Did 
 $u e)er 
 see
 0i!st! C,urc,ill i! pers!3. %is!ui!ta #i! trecut:S,e al2a$s
woke up
 earl$ ! sc,l #a$s.Sara, as a c,il# !e)er
ate
 pr.Este a#esea i!stit #e a#)er%e #e "rec)e!ta:
sometimes, often, always, usually, rarely, barely, hardly, seldom
etc. &. !aratiu!e i! trecut:I
 stopped 
 t %u$ a !e2spaper a!# t,e!
 sat 
 #2! ! a %e!c, t rea# it. T,e !e2s
was
 4uite #epressi!5. S I
 got up
 a!#
took a walk 
 a!#
tried 
 t t,i! ,app$ t,u5,ts.
TRECUTUL C'NTINUU (PAST TENSE C'NTINU'US)
Trecutul c!ti!uu - FORMA
F!rma de tre&ut a ui t! be + verbIN
Utilizare:1.actiu!i trecute cu  a!umita #urata6 #ar ale carr limite precise i! timp !u su!t cu!scute:It 2as
raining
a!#
 getting
cl#er.(.actiu!i trecute care au i!ceput i!ai!te si au c!ti!uat pr%a%il #upa u! a!umit mme!t #at:
 
At !! t,e su!
was shining 
.At 17 8clc at !i5,t /err$
was studying 
.Mme!tul #at pate "i e*primat si #e  e*presie #e timp la trecutul simplu:0,e! Tm arri)e#6 t,e su!
was shining 
.3.actiu!i i! curs #e #erulare i! trecut 9i! #escrieri:T,e "l2ers
were blooming 
6 t,e %ir#s
were singing 
 a!# t,e %reeze
was blowing 
 s"tl$.COMPARATI: #i"ere!ta #e se!s #i!tre cele #ua timpuri:0,e! t,e %ell
rang 
6 Sam
was having 
 %rea"ast. 9Sam 2as i! t,e mi##le "  %rea"ast 2,e! t,e %ell starte# t ri!5. ;
&!$ti$uitate
0,e! t,e #r %ell
rang 
6 Sam
ran
 t pe! t,e #r. 9Sam ra! t t,e #r as s! as t,e #r %ell ra!5. ;
%!$ta$eitate
 
E<ERCITII
1. Tra!s"rmati i!tre%arile i! prpzitii a"irmati)e:1.=i# /,! cme at mi#!i5,t>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>(.=i# t,e c,il#re! u!#ersta!# t,e i!structi!s>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>3.=i# =r. Carter %ri!5 t,e a!ti%itics>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>&.=i# t,e c "reeze t,e stra2%erries>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>?.=i# ,is mt,er "l$ 2it, @LM>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>.=i# t,e r2!s #ri)e all t,e 2a$ t Ariz!a>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>B.=i# s,e "ee# t,e cat>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>.=i# El)is Presle$ si!5 i! t,e 78s>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>'.=i# t,e c,il#re! "i5,t a5ai!>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>17. =i# /e pa$ "r t,e c,clate>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>(. Flsiti
tre&utu %imu
 sau
&!$ti$uu
:1.Te# ..................... 92ae up %ecause t,e c,il#re! ........................ 9mae !ise.(.T,e %$s >>>>>>>> 9r2i! t,e mi##le " t,e lae 2,e! t,e$ >>>>>>.. 9,ear a lu# t,u!#er.
 
3.+ra!#"at,er >>>>>>> 9strie a matc, a!# t,e 2# >>>>>> 9catc, "ire imme#iatel$.&.T,e mai# >>>>>>>> 9plis, t,e cr$stal 5lass 2,e! it su##e!l$ >>>>>>> 9slip a!# >>>>>>.. 9cras, t t,e 5ru!#.?.=r. /!es ........................... 92rite a prescripti! 2,e! t,e p,!e ..................... 9ri!5..Du >>>>>>>.. 9lie t,e pla$ last !i5,t Des i!#ee#6 I >>>>>>> 9t,i! it 2as )er$ 2ell acte#.B.I al2a$s >>>>>>> 9carr$ t,e "r!t #r e$ i! m$ purse6 %ut m$ ,us%a!# >>>>>>>> 9c!)i!ce me !t t..E)e! t,u5, Mar>>>>>> still >>>>>>.. 9tal6 a!essa >>>>>>>>>>. 9"all asleep.'.T,e plum%er >>>>>>>> 9lea)e6 2,e! t,e l# la#$ "i!all$ >>>>>>> 9pe! t,e #r. 17.I8m srr$6 I >>>>>>>.. 9!t pa$atte!ti! t2,at $u >>>>>>>>> 9sa$.
PERFECTUL PRE*ENT (PRESENT PERFECT)
Per"ectul preze!t - FORMA
ave + arti&iiu tre&ut (f!rma a III"a vb reguate %i $ereguate)
Utilizare:
 Perfe&tu re,e$t
 are  le5atura clara cu preze!tul6 c,iar #aca este u! timp trecut #i! pu!ct #e )e#ere 5ramatical.1.actiu!i care au i!ceput i! trecut si s-au termi!at cu puti! i!ai!te #e mme!tul  preze!t:I
have done
 m$ ,me2r. Ca! I 5 ut !2(.actiu!i trecute rece!te ca!# timpul !u este me!ti!at:I
have lost 
 m$ a##ress %.
 Have
 t,e c,il#re!
 had 
 t,eir #i!!erT,e %ss
has read 
 $u reprt.3.impreu!a cu urmatarele a#)er%e si e*presii #e timp 9se "lseste pe!tru le5a u! mme!t trecut !e#e"i!it #e preze!t:
 just, already, since, for, recently, lately, yet, so far, never … before, before now, ever, today, this week, this century, this morning, this evening, in the last few days, in the past month, in recent weeks
etc.
 Has
 t,e teac,er c
orrected 
 t,e tests $etT,e$
haven’t been able
 t # it s "ar.T,ere
hasn’t been
 a!$ rai! i! t,e past m!t,.0,at
have
 $u #!e t#a$Me#ici!e
has made
 5reat pr5ress t,is ce!tur$. OTA:
For 
 i!#ica #urata #e timp: /im ,as stu#ie# arate
 for 
 t2 m!t,s.

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