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Exercice2 Structural Chemistry-V20130911

Exercice2 Structural Chemistry-V20130911

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Published by Gramoz Çubreli
chemistry
chemistry

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Published by: Gramoz Çubreli on Dec 14, 2013
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Monabiphot – Fundamental Chemistry
2. Structural ChemistryExercises for Training
General Method for e!is Structure "ra!ing#
1/ Sum the number of electrons on the outer shell for each atom (add 1 e
 – 
 for a negatively charged ion, subtract 1e
 – 
 for a positively charge ion)Ex: !
" – 
 : # $ " (%) $ 1 & 1' e
 – 
"/ lace the less electronegative atom at the center (
usually
), and lin it by a single bond to other atomsEx: */ +dd other e
 – 
 (usually several e-is structure can be obtained)Ex:
$% e!is Structure and &SE'( 
1/ .rite the e-is structure (including nonbonding electron pairs and/or vacant orbitals) for the follo-ing ions or molecules (central atom is
bold
):0
"
)
,
*
*
,
+
0
*
,
C
0
2
,
S
!
"
,
S
!
"
3l
"
,
$
3l
*
,
'
!3l
*
,
 
(
C
!
*
)
"– 
, (
+
!
"
)
$
(
this requires the determination of the outer shell configuration for each element involved)
"/ 4ra- the geometry of these molecules using 5SE6 theory
$$% $mplicit Electrons, Electron 'airs and Empty )rbitals
7dentify single electrons, bonding and nonbonding electron pairs,
σ
 or
π
 bonds and vacant orbitals for these compounds:0
"
S, 8
*
, 30
*$
, 3l30&30
"
, 0
*
3–!0 , 0
"
3&30–30
"$
, !
"
$$$% (esonance
et9s consider 3! (carbon monoxide), !
* – 
 (nitrate ion), 3l!
2 – 
 (perchlorate ion)1/ 4ra- the e-is structure -ith the appropriate geometry"/ 7f several reasonant forms are possible, specify -hich is the ma;or one*/ Specify the geometry of the molecule/ion by applying 5SE6 theory1

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