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10.1.09 Lesson

10.1.09 Lesson

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Published by: efriedman2010 on Oct 01, 2009
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10/06/2009

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APRCHS * Mr. Rubio, Principal * Ms. Coy-Bailey, AP SupervisionINSTRUCTOR:
Mr. Friedman, Humanities Academy 
COURSE:
H5
DATE:
10.1.09 
TOPIC:
The Commercial North
OBJECTIVES:
1.Trace the development of a varied and thriving economy in theNorth.2.Explain the diverse society of the North and the tensions that ledto witchcraft trials in Salem.3.Summarize the influence of the Enlightenment and the GreatAwakening.
AIM:
How did the Northern colonies develop a predominantly urbansociety, based on commerce and trade?
1) A Diversified Economy
Cold winters, rocky soil restrict New Englanders tosmall farmsMiddle colonies raise livestock, crops; export surplusDiverse commercial economy develops in NewEngland, middle coloniesBy mid-1700s, merchants are powerful group inNorth
2) Urban Life
Growth in trade leads to large port cities like NewYork, BostonPhiladelphia second largest city in British Empire;has urban plan
 
3) Influx of Immigrants
1700s, large influx of immigrants: Germans, Scots-Irish, Dutch, JewsImmigrants encounter prejudice, clash with frontierNative Americans
4) Slavery in the North
Less slavery in North than in South; prejudice stillexistsSlaves have some legal rights, but highly restricted
5) Women in Northern Society
Women have extensive work responsibilities but fewlegal rightsOnly single women, widows can own businessesWives must submit to husbands
CURRENT EVENTS:
New York Times Video Clip – “
Women At Arms:Mother and Medic 
” 
In 2004, Jaymie Holschlag left her two children to serve in Iraq.The separation was challenging, but the transition home wasalso difficult. Now the family prepares for a second deployment.
o
According to the video clip, what challenges do womenface while serving their nation overseas?
o
Why is the transition home from the battlefield difficult forso many?
o
PREDICTION:
What role did women play on thebattlefield during the Revolutionary War?
 
MOTIVATION:
What do you like and/or dislike about city life? Howdoes the largest city near you influence life in your community? Howmight the growth of commercial cities affect life in the colonies?
ACTIVITY A:
Forming Generalizations, Analyzing Effects, & AnalyzingCausesA.What kinds of industries developed in the North?
Grinding wheat, harvesting fish, sawing lumber, andshipbuilding were some of the industries that developed in theNorth.B.What were the negative and positive effects of the growing ethnicdiversity in the colonies?
Negative: Conflict and distrust between the different groups.
Positive: Creation of a diverse society.C.What were the underlying causes of the Salem witch hunts in1692?
The strict limitations on women’s roles, combined with socialtensions, the strained relationship with the Native Americans,and religious fanaticism lay behind the witch hunts.D.Why was the Enlightenment such a revolutionary movement?
The Enlightenment led people to conclude that individualshave natural rights that governments must respect.Enlightenment principles led many colonists to question theauthority of the British monarchy.
ACTIVITY B:
Work with your group to fill in the diagram withhistorical examples that illustrate the main idea at the top.
The Diversity of NorthernColoniesEconomyPopulationReligious Groups
ExamplesExamplesExamples
CONTINUUM:
Read pp. 79 – 84; Complete Ch. 3, Sec. 3 Assessmentp. 84; 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5.
Extra Credit:
Compare and contrast the ideas of Franklin and Edwards,particularly the two men’s views of the individual and of predestination. (See p. 83)

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