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Know Your HeartDrRsrinivas

Know Your HeartDrRsrinivas

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Published by: THIRU.M on Oct 03, 2009
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01/02/2014

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KNOW YOURHEART
Compiled & Published as a Public Education Service by 
Dr. R. SRINIVAS,
M.D., D.M.
Consultant Cardiologist 
SRINIVASA HEART CENTRE
HANAMKONDA, WARANGAL, A.P.
 
FACTS YOU ALWAYS WANTED TO KNOW
1)Structure of the Human Heart.-Gross structure of the Human heart.-The Human circulatory system.-Coronary arteries.-Conduction system of the heart.2)Functioning of the Human Heart.3)Symptoms of Heart Disease.4)Tests done to detect Heart Disease.5)Risk factors for Heart disease.6)Types of Heart Disease.7)Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.8)Methods of Treating Heart Disease.9)Prevention of Heart Disease.
This book isdedicated toall those to whom
“HEART”
matters.
 
Tricuspid valve: Situated between the right atrium & rightventricle.
Aortic Valve : This is situated between the left ventricle and theaorta.
Pulmonary Valve: This is situated between the right ventricleand the pulmonary artery.
12
1. STRUCTURE OF THE HUMAN HEART
GROSS STRUCTURE :
The Heart is a major organ of the human circulatory system.
The heart lies in the chest cavity with a major portion on the leftside.
The average weight of the human heart :Males : 325 ± 75 gmsFemales : 275± 75 gms.
The heart has 3 layers :
Pericardium :
This is the outer protective cover which has 2layers. (Serous pericardium & parietal pericardium). ThePericardium is a thin fibrous baglike structure within which theheart lies. The two layers of the pericardium are separated by asmall amount of lubricating fluid - pericardial fluid. This allowsmovement of the heart during contraction and relaxation to occurwithout disturbance of the surrounding lungs.
The Pericardial cavity normally contains over 10-20 ml ofpericardial fluid.
The middle one is the
Myocardium
and the inner layer is the
Endocardium
.
The Heart has four chambers.
The 2 upper chambers - left atrium & right atrium.
The 2 lower chambers : Left ventricle & Right ventricle.
The upper chambers - left atrium & right atrium are separatedby the
Interatrial Septum
and the lower chambers - left ventricleand right ventricle are separated by the
InterventricularSeptum
. These prevent mixing of blood from both sides.
The heart has four valves:
The mitral valve: Situated between the left atrium & left ventricle.
THE STRUCTURE OF THE HUMAN HEART
AortaLeft atriumLeft ventricleRight atriumRight ventricleInteratrial septumInterventricularseptumMitral valveAortic valveTricuspid valvePulmonary valveSuperior venacavaPulmonary veinsPulmonary arteryInferior venacava

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