05.10.09 13:08Harming the Young: Sexually Abused Children in Burma and the Migrant Communities of Thailand : Mon Human RightsSeite 2 von 13http://rehmonnya.org/archives/1085
The following report details the many ways in which children, living in Burma or in migrantcommunities, are sexually harassed and abused due to the unstable environment created by the SPDC.
Background (Conflict and migration)
In Burma, armed conflict has occurred throughout Shan State, Kayeh (Karenni State), Karen State, MonState and Tenasserism Division, where millions of members of ethnic minorities are living. The SPDChas named these conflict zones ‘Black Areas’, denoting their “unsecured” nature. The SPDCsubsequently uses this to justify the numerous human rights violations it commits in the areas.Your browser may not support display of this image. InMon State since 2000, the SPDC has deployed over 20 military battalions. Additionally, they haveimplemented a population transfer project under which Burman workers are relocated Mon areas toreplace Mon workers who have migrated to Thailand. Many retired SPDC personnel have been allowedto stay in Mon villages, and have been given ‘authority’ by local Burmese army commanders. In manycases, these retired Burmese soldiers and Burman migrant workers sexually harass and beatchildren.rmese migrant workers at a seafood production factory in MahachaiBurmese migrant workers at a seafood production factory in MahachaiFacing widespread human rightsviolations, conflict, economic hardship and taxation, many Mon and other ethnic minorities decide toflee illegally to Thailand for better incomes and new jobs. In order to avoid police, they travel through jungles, rivers, and mountains.Regularly children are withdrawn from school and the entire family migrates in search of new jobs. Of the thousands of migrant workers that move daily into Thailand, an uncountable number are children.Since the general population in Burma is unaware of any laws condemning ‘child labor’ or that theBurmese government has signed the Convention on the Rights of Children (CRC), children also migrateto Thailand for work.It is very difficult for migrants to obtain legal status, and the majority work illegally in unsafe conditionsin Thailand. Female migrants face additional difficulties, as they cannot always find work and many of them have to rely on their husbands, fathers and male friends for survival. Most female migrants stay innarrow rooms, in rented houses that are not secure. Because of these unsafe conditions, females living inthe migrant communities of Thailand are often raped or sexually harassed by neighbors, Thai police organgs.Some Thai and international NGOs have helped workers in Thai migrant communities prevent sexualviolence and abuse. However, because the migrant communities are so large, it is difficult to preventharassment in every location.
Children are particularly vulnerable in Southern Burma