Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
15Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Periodontal Ligaments

Periodontal Ligaments

Ratings: (0)|Views: 1,447|Likes:
Published by Rosette Go

More info:

Published by: Rosette Go on Oct 17, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

12/25/2012

pdf

text

original

 
PERIODONTAL LIGAMENTS
Dense connective tissue between root surface of tooth and alveolar bone proper
SYNDESMOSES
o
 Joint-like connection between tooth andbone formed by periodontal ligament,cementum and alveolar bone proper
FUNCTIONS:
SUPPORTIVE
o
Support tooth in the sockets and permitthem to withstand the considerable forces of mastication
SENSORY 
For proper positioning of jaws during normal function
Estimate amount of pressure in mastication
Identify which one of the teeth receives sensation of tapping with instruments
o
2 SENSATIONS
FREE NERVE ENDINGS OFSENSORY FIBERS
Near cementum, painperception
RUFFINI-LIKE ENDINGS
Mechanoreceptors forpressure
o
AFFERENT NERVE FIBERS
Regulate local blood supply
HOMEOSTATIC
o
Continuous remodeling
NUTRITIVE
o
Cementum and alveolar bone
CELLS OF PERIODONTAL LIGAMENTS:
FIBROBLAST
o
Principal cells
o
Spindle or disk-shaped with long ovoidnuclei
o
Contains organelles associates with proteinsynthesis and secretion
o
Prominent actin network
o
Cell to cell contacts:
Adherens
Gap junction
o
FIBRONEX
Morphologic relationship between
Intercellular filaments
Dense cell membrane
Extracellular filaments
Fibronectin
CEMENTOPROGENITOR & OSTEOPROGENTIOR
o
Adjacent to cementum and bone
o
CEMENTOBLASTS
During phase of active depositionof cellular cementum
Ovoid to cuboidal shape
Basophilic cytoplasm
o
CEMENTOCLASTS
Multinuclear cells that resorbscementum
Located in HOWSHIP’S LACUNAE oncementum
During application of excessiveforces in orthodontic toothmovement
o
OSTEOBLASTS
Peripheral part of periodontalligament adjacent to bone
o
OSTEOCLASTS
Multinucleated cell observed duringhighly active phases of boneresorption
Located in HOWSHIP’S LACUNAE inbone
EPITHELIAL CELLS
1
 
o
In periodontal ligaments
o
Remnants of 
HERTWIG’S EPITHELIALROOT SHEATH (EPITHELIAL RESTS OFMALASSEZ)
o
From dental cysts by acute or chronicinflammation
UNDIFERENTIATED MESENCHYMAL CELLS(PROGENITOR CELLS)
o
Perivascular location within 5µm of bloodvessels
o
Source of new cells
o
APOPTOSIS
Selective deletion of ligament cells
Allows turnover withoutarchitectural disruption of tissue
Physiologic cell death
MACROPHAGE
o
In periodontal ligament, defensive cell
o
Phagocytic, mobile
LEUKOCYTES
o
Appear when stressed by disease
CONNECTIVE TISSUE FIBERS
COLLAGEN FIBER
o
Predominant
o
Mixture of type I & type II
o
Fibrils arranged parallel with one another toform collagen fiber
o
FIBER BUNDLE
Collagen fibers grouped togetherinterwovenly to form fiber bundle
o
DENTOALVEOLAR GROUP
Based on origin and insertion in thedentoalveolar process and theirfunctional orientation
o
ALVEOLAR CREST GROUP
Attached to cementum below CEJand insert into rim of alveolus
Resist vertical and intrusive forceand anchor the tooth to thealveolus
o
HORIZONTAL FIBER GROUP
Horizontally from cementum tobone
Resist horizontal or lateralpressures applied to tooth crown
o
OBLIQUE FIBER GROUP
Most numerous & largest
Running from cementum in obliquedirection to bone coronally
Sustain occlusal forces
Resist masticatory forces
o
APICAL FIBER GROUP
From cementum around the apexat root to the bone forming base of socket (fundus)
Prevents vestibule-oral tipping
o
INTERRADICULAR FIBER GROUP
Between bifurcation area tointerradicular bone
Resists tipping and torque
o
SHARPEY’S FIBER
Embedded in cementum
o
Permit certain degree of mobility
o
PERIODONTAL SPACE
Where periodontal ligaments arelocated
o
INTERSTITIAL SPACE
Between each group of fibers
INTERSTITIAL TISSUE
Blood vessels, nerves,lymphatics and looseconnective tissue cells
2

Activity (15)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Naghman Zuberi liked this
hariperio liked this
hariperio liked this
shanleaf4193 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->