NORTH AMERICAN METHODCLASSES
The type of flammable material is classified as follows :
Class 1 :Flammable gases or vapors are present in the air in quantitiessufficient to produce explosive or ignitable mixtures.Class 2 :
Combustible or conductive dusts are present.
Class 3 :
Ignitable fibres or flyings are present, but not likely to be in suspension insufficient quantities to produce ignitable mixtures. (Group classifications are notapplied to this class.)In the petroleum industry we are concerned with Class 1 mainly.
DIVISIONSClass 1, Division 1 Location :
A location in which ignitable concentrations offlammable gases or vapors are expected to exist under normal operating conditionsor in which faulty operation of equipment or processes might simultaneously releaseflammable gases or vapors and also cause failure of electrical equipment.
Class 1, Division 2 Location :
A location in which flammable gases or vapors maybe present, but normally are confined within closed systems; are prevented fromaccumulating by adequate ventilation; or the location is adjacent to a Division 1location from which ignitable concentrations might occasionally be communicated.
GROUP A Atmospheres containing acetylene.GROUP B Atmospheres containing hydrogenGROUP C Atmospheres containing ethyl ether vapours, ethylene orequivalent gases
Atmospheres containing gasoline, naptha, propane, acetone,
or equivalentGROUP E Metal DustGROUP F Coal DustGROUP G Grain Dust
ZONE 0 An area in which hazardous atmosphereis continuously present. In oil industrysuch a condition exists in confinedspaces, such as the vapour space ofclosed process vessels, storage tanksetc.ZONE 1 An area where explosive gas and airmixture is continuously present for a longperiod or is likely to occur in normaloperation.ZONE 2 An area in which explosive gas and airmixture is likely to occur only underabnormal operating conditions. Forexample : Gas Turbine enclosures.NON-HAZARDOUS AREA Areas not falling under Zone 0,1 or 2 are