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Academic Grading in India

Academic Grading in India

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Published by sri
Academic Grading in India..
Source:Wikipedia
Academic Grading in India..
Source:Wikipedia

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Published by: sri on Nov 13, 2009
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06/27/2013

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Academic grading in India1
Academic grading in India
Academic grading
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European Baccalaureate
 
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The grading system in India varies somewhat as a result of being a large country. The most predominant form of grading is the percentage system. An examination consists of a number of questions each of which give credit. Thesum of credit for all questions generally counts up to 100. The grade awarded to a student is the percentage obtained in the examination. The percentage of all subjects taken in an examination is the grade awarded at the end of theyear. The percentage system is used at both the school and university. Some universities also use the grading systemand a CGPA on a 4,5 or 10 point scale. Notably, all the IITs,IT-BHU, NITs, IIITs, BITS Pilani (Pilani, Goacampuses),BIT Mesra, NERIST Itanagar, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), Coimbatore Institute of Technology(C.I.T.) and most of the State run Technical Universities follow this system. DA-IICT, Gandhinagar used to use a 4point scale, but they too have switched to a 10 point system while Symbiosis Institute of Technology still uses it .However, the grades themselves may be absolute (as in NITs like Rourkela,Raipur,Durgapur, BIT Mesra),exclusively relative (as in BITS Pilani, NIT Surathkal,NIT Warangal, NIT Calicut, NIT Trichy, NIT Surat andManipal University), or a combination of absolute, relative and/or historic, as in some NITs, IITs, DA-IICT, and IIITHyderabad.There are several universities and recognized school boards in India which makes an
objective
comparison of percentage grades awarded by one examination difficult with those for another, even for an examination at the samelevel. At the school level percentages of 80-90 are considered excellent while above 90 is exceptional and
 
Academic grading in India2uncommon. At the university level however percentages between 70-80 are considered excellent and are quitedifficult to obtain. It should be pointed out that the percentage of marks at university vary from one to another whichmakes direct comparison of percentages obtained at different universities difficult. Indeed, the differential betweenuniversities in terms of marking scale can be as much as 20%, with some of them requiring a 85% plus for the awardof distinction while yet others would award distinction at anything above of 70%. In instances like the latter, a scoreclose to 90% can be very rare or virtually impossible. Much of this can be reconciled in the backdrop of theminimum pass score. In a university with a 90% plus for distinction, 60% may be the minimum passing mark. Theuniversity awarding distinction at 70% may have a passing mark of 40 or 45%. This makes the comparison of GPAquite difficult for Indian students elsewhere. A student with 95% will be close to 3.9 on the GPA scale. So should astudent with a 75% from a 70% cut-off-for-distinction institution. The best yardstick seems to be, apart from the basepassing mark, the very classification of the awarding university as to where a given range would fall (distinction,first class, second class, or fail).That being said, attempts to move to a GPA system have been made by most modern universities, but older onestend to continue to rely on percentage marks. Some of these institutions have an obvious disinclination to markinggenerously at the 90s and continue to keep the threshold for distinction quite difficult at the early 70s. Especially,universities like these tend to narrow the gap between the minimum passing mark and distinction so as to make itdifficult for every student to pass a course in the first place, and making distinction all the tougher.Official Grading SystemOfficial Grading System for Government/Autonomous/Deemed Indian Universities. However, there is a significantvariation among Universities.
PercentageRangeGradeU.S.Grade(Unofficial)Class/Division
70%+A+4.3Honours/Distinction (rare, awarded only to 2-3 students out of 100 students)65-69%A4.0First Division60-64%A-3.5-3.7""55-59%B+3.3-3.5Second Division50-54%B/B-3.0-3.3Second Division45-49%C+2.1-2.7Third Division40-44%C/C-1.5-2.0""Less than40%F0Fail

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