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COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS

COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS

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Published by awesomeyogeshwar
A detailed Report on COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS.
A detailed Report on COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS.

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: awesomeyogeshwar on Jun 25, 2014
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06/25/2014

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ABSTRACT
The sleek & beautiful aircraft roles down the run away, takes off & rapidly climbs out of sight within a minute, this same aircraft has accelerated to hypersonic speed; still within atmosphere. Its powerful supersonic engine continues to propel aircraft with velocity near 26000 ft/s orbital velocity and vehicle simply coasts into low earth orbit. Is this the stuff of dreams? Not really; indeed this is possible due to CFD. CFD is the art of replacing the differential equation governing the fluid flow, with a set of algebraic equations (the process is called discretization). Which in turn can be solved with aid of digital computer to get an approximate solution. The physical aspects of any fluid flow are governed by three fundamental principles (1) Mass is conserved (continuity equation) (2)N
ewton’s second law (Navier 
-Stokes equations) (3) Energy is conserved (energy equation) CFD is a research tool & playing a strong role as design tool, in aerodynamics as well as non-aerospace applications like automobile, engines (flow field inside I.C. engines ), industrial manufacturing (actual behavior of molten metal in mould ), civil & environmental engg. In a next decade CFD will become a critical technology for aerodynamic design & on other hand concurrent engg. is possible by drastic changes, shortening of design process & optimization of air vehicle system in terms of overall economical performance. CFD is growth industry with an unlimited numbernos of new application & new ideas just waiting in future. This paper includes Dicretization , Finite Difference Method
(FDM),
 Finite Volume Method
(FVM)
, Finite Element Method
(FEM
), Boundary Element Method
(BEM
), Grid(mesh generation), Navier Stokes Equations & greater advantage of CFD over wind tunnel testing.
This paper also highlights on “
AERODYNAMIC DESIGN OF FORMULA
ONE RACING CAR BY CFD”
 (simulation technique)
 
COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS 1
Index
1.
 
Introduction [1] 2.
 
Discretization [2] 3.
 
Navier
 – 
 stokes equations [10] 4.
 
Wind Tunnel Testing V/s CFD [12] 5.
 
Aerodynamic Analysis of Formula one racing car by CFD [13] 6.
 
Applications [18] 7.
 
Limitation [18] 8.
 
Conclusion [19] Reference
 
COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS 2
COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS
1. INTRODUCTION
Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) has grown from a mathematical curiosity to become an essential tool in almost every branch of fluid dynamics, from aerospace propulsion to weather prediction. CFD is commonly accepted as referring to the  broad topic encompassing the numerical solution, by computational methods, of the governing equations which describe fluid flow, the set of the Navier-Stokes equations, continuity and any additional conservation equations, for example energy or species concentrations. What do we mean when we speak of simulating a fluid flow on a computer? In simplest terms, the computer solves a series of well-known equations that are used to compute, for any point in space near an object, the velocity and pressure of the fluid flowing around that object. Computational Fluid Dynamics or simply CFD is concerned with obtaining numerical solution to fluid flow problems by using computers. The advent of high-speed and large-memory computers has enabled CFD to obtain solutions to many flow problems including those that are compressible or incompressible, laminar or turbulent, chemically reacting or non-reacting.
 

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