Policing is a reaction of the society to its warped situations. The process of policing is always in a state of flux to keep a la hauteur de rapidly evolving nature of the social complexities. In this sense, the police are a reflection of the face of the national life. Stability in the national life slows down the process of policing; a volatile situation strings police to high tension and energizes it. Growth or retardation in social progress accordingly reflects the style of policing. When the nation stands at the crossroads, the police also find itself oncompita: at the intersection of a reneging past and a converging future. This is where India and its police stand now after four decades of becoming a republic. As with old generations that saw life, society and politics prior to the independence give way to new generations in national life and old passions and values atrophy before the gust of speed, smartness and a garish way of life, the police too find itself in a peregrine role with no past for continuity and no future for creativity. The police find itself rising from a claut to pave the new path; it must blindly choose from alternatives, it thinks available to it. There is no past experience to fall upon, no future guidelines to pursue. Yet, it must walk with time to fulfill itsraison d\u2019etre. The Indian police find itself in this blind spot today, at the crossroads from where it should build bridges to the future. The immanent swither of thecompita is like the new freedom of a caged animal. It must acclimatize and warm up to the new situation, shedus mental fetters, bring strength to its legs and learn to moveau
The police and policing are larger than an individual and his self-interests. The police are an institution that is constituted of man, machinery and ideas. Man is just a minute constituent of the monolith that is the police. An institution of the police organization\u2019s dimensions naturally has defacements at places that in no way affect the overall view of the structure. Ergo, minor casualties are common in such a mammoth edifice. Only when the defacements have an impact on the overall mien of the structure and distort its face, do corrective measures become
for its health or otherwise has a serious bearing on the national life. A minor shift in the style of policing in the country can make a life-and-death difference to myriad people. It is in this perspective that decisions regarding policing should be taken. The decisions become sensitive when the police reach crossroads and forces further decisions on the course of its passage. A wrong turn? The police may inadvertently tear the fabric of the national life to shreds and ruin the country. A right step? An era of perfect security, order and peace. Only a selfless analysis of the needs of the time and assessment of the future would give the insight necessary to make the right choice about the course to be pursued. Highly competent persons at the highest level who can see things dispassionately and take decisions must carry out such an analysis. They must be people who have an overall view of things and are capable of seeing them against the wider background of the national interest. It is a very responsible job, requiring thorough knowledge of the nuances of the police and policing. The people who do it must be capable of taking hard decisions that may often go against their own interests and may have far-reaching consequences. This book is an obvious effort in this direction. The Indian police must give serious thought to what it wants to be in future and take tough decisions.
There is an impression that the Indian police are not what it was before Independence. The previous pride, toughness and ferocious commitment to duties are no more patent. The Indian police have become soft, humble and easy- going in post-independence days. Humility and pressures all round deprived it of its vitality. The police have become a widely abused organisation by the virtue of its conticent submission to the wishes of its masters under false notions of discipline. It is the popular scapegoat for anything and everything that goes wrong in the public life. In the circumstances, a sense of insecurity has developed in the police that comminates career-life. A natural outcome of this fix is, taking things easy with eyes and ears shut, unless career interests warrant otherwise. Commitment to policing is sacrificed in the process. These developments have reduced the police to a toy that moves only when the spring inside unwinds. New entrants to the police who begin to run left and right with nascententrainement in the first few months, soon realize the realities on the ground when the wounds on the body of their career dehisce, looking fatal and ready to gorge their esperance for thefuture. This is thetriste spiel of the Indian police now.
A serious malady affecting the tough and no-nonsensical image of the police is the interference of people of some standing in the society with the quotidian policing at all levels. An organisation, looking for a serious image, cannot afford this luxury. Policing must be insulated from public pressures except at the top, to which all policing affairs must be responsible. People handling policing should be responsible only to law and their heads in the police department and to none else. The regulation of policing policies in all details must be controlled and guided by the top. On the other hand, the line authority of the organisation must be all-powerful to guide and regulate policing and police administration and bear the responsibility for everything below the level. Such a setups i ne dubio presumes a pollent leadership. For an organisation with powers and responsibilities like the police, such a strong leadership is sine qua non otherwise as well.
A police organisation, open to public pressures can do no policing worth the name. The very idea of being receptive to pressures and interferences presupposes a lack of will for objectivity and justice. It is criminal elements that cultivate sources for such straints on the police that have put the policing on the wrong rails. Pressure on policing often renders the police to commit crimes under the veil of authority, either by protecting criminals or more dangerously, by replacing them with innocent people as criminals. The possibility of the police being open to the straints of the rich and powerful deprives it of its credibility. A police force that works at the behests of the rich and powerful can guard their interests only. It would thus be the villain to the hoi polloi. Does democratic India need such a police force to perpetuate the tyranny of the poor and helpless by the rich and powerful? Democratic India tolerated such a police in the last four decades. India and its people however, must now abraid to the situation and spawn a police that behove to the trust laid on it.
The aberration of professional objectivity is the kenspeckle signature of the police in independent India. The problem was simple in British India where ruler and ruled were distinctly bifurcated and ipso facto the loyalty of police was perspicaciously defined unlike the Indian republic of democratic genre where people rule themselves through elected representatives. Here, the loyalty of police to the public and public law is the professional ethic; misplaced loyalty to an individual, a family, a party or an ideology at the cost of the general public is an apostasy from the inviolable professionalism of the police. The police, in a democracy, are the guardian of public interests and public safety unlike in the Raj where the police protected the interests of the Raj. This distinction is forgotten
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