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andehid axit

andehid axit

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Published by: api-3822369 on Dec 03, 2009
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05/23/2014

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Tr\u1eafc nghi\u1ec7m An\u0111ehit + Axit Cacboxylic
A) An\u0111ehit:

C\u00e2u 1: Ch\u1ecdn c\u00e2u \u0111\u00fang khi n\u00f3i v\u1ec1 an\u0111ehit \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf
A . L\u00e0 h\u1ee3p ch\u1ea5t c\u00f3 c\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c chung CnH2nO (n\u2265 1)
B . L\u00e0 h\u1ee3p ch\u1ea5t c\u00f3 m\u1ed9t n\u1ed1i\u03c0 trong ph\u00e2n t\u1eed.
C . L\u00e0 h\u1ee3p ch\u1ea5t khi ch\u00e1y sinh ra s\u1ed1 mol CO2 b\u1eb1ng s\u1ed1 mol n\u01b0\u1edbc.
D . T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 \u0111\u1ec1u \u0111\u00fang.
C\u00e2u 2: Ch\u1ecdn ph\u00e1t bi\u1ec3u sai
A . An\u0111ehit v\u1eeba c\u00f3 t\u00ednh kh\u1eed v\u1eeba c\u00f3 t\u00ednh oxi h\u00f3a.
B . An\u0111ehit c\u00f3 nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 s\u00f4i th\u1ea5p h\u01a1n r\u01b0\u1ee3u t\u01b0\u01a1ng \u1ee9ng v\u00ec kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 li\u00ean k\u1ebft
hi\u0111r\u00f4 li\u00ean ph\u00e2n t\u1eed.
C . T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 an\u0111ehit no \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng v\u1edbi l\u01b0\u1ee3ng d\u01b0 AgNO3/am\u00f4niac
\u0111\u1ec1u cho s\u1ed1 mol Ag g\u1ea5p \u0111\u00f4i s\u1ed1 mol an\u0111ehit.
D .4 nguy\u00ean t\u1eed trong ph\u00e2n t\u1eed an\u0111ehit fomic \u0111\u1ec1u n\u1eb1m tr\u00ean m\u1ed9t m\u1eb7t ph\u1eb3ng
C\u00e2u 3: \u0110i\u1ec1u n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y lu\u00f4n \u0111\u00fang:
A . \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n an\u0111ehit lu\u00f4n cho s\u1ed1 mol n\u01b0\u1edbc\u2264 s\u1ed1 mol CO2
B . T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 an\u0111ehit \u0111\u1ec1u ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng v\u1edbi AgNO3/am\u00f4niac t\u1ea1o ra b\u1ea1c kim lo\u1ea1i.
C . CTTQ c\u1ee7a an\u0111ehit no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf b\u1ea5t k\u1ef3 l\u00e0 CnH2n + 2 - 2kOk (k l\u00e0 s\u1ed1 nh\u00f3m
\u2013 CHO) ho\u1eb7c CnH2n + 2 - k(CHO)k.

D . T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 \u0111\u1ec1u \u0111\u00fang.
C\u00e2u 4: C\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c \u0111\u01a1n gi\u1ea3n nh\u1ea5t c\u1ee7a m\u1ed9t an\u0111ehit no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf l\u00e0 CH2O.
CTPT c\u1ee7a an\u0111ehit l\u00e0: A. CH2O B. C2H4O2 C.C4H8O4

D.T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 sai
C\u00e2u 5: C\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c \u0111\u01a1n gi\u1ea3n nh\u1ea5t c\u1ee7a m\u1ed9t an\u0111ehit no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf l\u00e0
C2H3O.CTPT c\u1ee7a an\u0111ehit l\u00e0:

A .C4 H6 O2
B .C8 H12 O4
C .C12 H18 O6

D . T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 sai. C\u00e2u 6: C\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c \u0111\u01a1n gi\u1ea3n nh\u1ea5t c\u1ee7a m\u1ed9t an\u0111ehit no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf X l\u00e0 CHO.X c\u00f3 CTPT l\u00e0: A.C4H4O4

B.C2H2O2

C . HCHO D . Kq kh\u00e1c
C\u00e2u 7: C\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c \u0111\u01a1n gi\u1ea3n nh\u1ea5t c\u1ee7a m\u1ed9t an\u0111ehit ch\u01b0a no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf X
ch\u1ee9a m\u1ed9t li\u00ean k\u1ebft \u0111\u00f4i trong ph\u00e2n t\u1eed l\u00e0 C2H2O.X c\u00f3 CTPT l\u00e0:

A .C2 H2 O
B .C4 H4 O2
C .C6 H6 O3

D . Kh\u00f4ng x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh.
C\u00e2u 8: Nh\u00f3m \u2013CHO l\u00e0 nh\u00f3m ch\u1ee9c c\u1ee7a:
A . An\u0111ehit B . Ceton

C . Axit D . R\u01b0\u1ee3u.
C\u00e2u 9: H\u1ee3p ch\u1ea5t n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c g\u1ecdi l\u00e0 ceton
A . CH3\u2013O\u2013CH3 B . CH3\u2013CO\u2013C2H5 C . CH3COOCH3 D . CH3CHO
C\u00e2u 10: T\u1ed5ng s\u1ed1 \u0111\u1ed3ng ph\u00e2n an\u0111ehit c\u00f3 CTPT C5H10O l\u00e0:

A .6
B. 5
C .4
D .3

C\u00e2u 11: H\u1ee3p ch\u1ea5t m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf X c\u00f3 CTPT C3H6O2. X kh\u00f4ng t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng v\u1edbi
Natri v\u00e0 X c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 tr\u00e1ng g\u01b0\u01a1ng. CTCT c\u1ee7a X l\u00e0:
A . CH3\u2013CH2\u2013COOH

B . CH3\u2013COOCH3
C . HO\u2013CH2\u2013CH2\u2013CHO

D . CH3\u2013O\u2013CH2\u2013CHO
C\u00e2u 12: H\u1ee3p ch\u1ea5t th\u01a1m X C8H8O2 t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng v\u1edbi NaOH v\u00e0 tham gia ph\u1ea3n
\u1ee9ng tr\u00e1ng g\u01b0\u01a1ng. CTCT c\u1ee7a X c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 l\u00e0 CT n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y:

A .
B .
C .
D .

C\u00e2u 13: Nh\u1eadn bi\u1ebft ba ch\u1ea5t l\u1ecfng etanol, etanal, axit axetic b\u1eb1ng ph\u01b0\u01a1ng
ph\u00e1p h\u00f3a h\u1ecdc ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta d\u00f9ng theo th\u1ee9 t\u1ef1 sau:
A . D\u00f9ng natri nh\u1eadn etanol, d\u00f9ng qu\u1ef3 nh\u1eadn axit axetic. C\u00f2n l\u1ea1i l\u00e0 etanal.
B . D\u00f9ng AgNO3/am\u00f4niac nh\u1eadn etanal, d\u00f9ng natri nh\u1eadn etanol. C\u00f2n l\u1ea1i
axit axetic.
C . D\u00f9ng AgNO3/am\u00f4niac nh\u1eadn etanal, d\u00f9ng qu\u1ef3 nh\u1eadn axit axetic. C\u00f2n
l\u1ea1i etanol.

D . T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 sai.
C\u00e2u 14: An\u0111ehit axetic c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c \u0111i\u1ec1u ch\u1ebf b\u1eb1ng c\u00e1ch:
A . Oxi h\u00f3a r\u01b0\u1ee3u etylic b\u1eb1ng CuO \u0111un n\u00f3ng.
B . C\u1ed9ng n\u01b0\u1edbc v\u00e0o axetilen \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n \u0111un n\u00f3ng v\u1edbi x\u00fac t\u00e1c HgSO4.
C . Oxi h\u00f3a etilen c\u00f3 x\u00fac t\u00e1c PdCl2 v\u00e0 nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 cao.
D . T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 c\u00e1ch tr\u00ean.
C\u00e2u 15: T\u1eeb axit ax\u00eatic \u0111i\u1ec1u ch\u1ebf an\u0111ehit fomic theo s\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 n\u00e0o sau:

A . CH3COOH
0
NaOH r\u00ben
CaO,t
\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192CH4
0
oxi
NO, t cao
\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192HCHO
B . CH3COOH
NaOH
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
\u2192
CH3COONa
0
N a O H r \u00ben
CaO ,t
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
\u2192
CH4
0
o xi
NO,t cao
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
\ue000
\u2192
HCHO
C . CH3COOH
NaOH
\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192CH3COONa
0
NaOH r\u00ben
CaO,t
\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192CH4
2
Cl (1:1)
\u00b8nh s\u00b8ng
\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192CH3Cl
NaOH
\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192HCHO
D . B, C \u0111\u1ec1u \u0111\u00fang
C\u00e2u 16: Cho s\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 chuy\u1ec3n h\u00f3a sau:
X
2
0
HO,x\u00f3c t\u00b8 c,t
+
\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192Y
2
0
H ,x\u00f3c t\u00b8 c, t
+
\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192CH3CH2OH
V\u1eady X l\u00e0: A . CH2=CH2 B . CH3CHO C . CH\u2261 CH
D . Kq kh\u00e1c
C\u00e2u 17: Cho s\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 bi\u1ebfn h\u00f3a sau: X
2
0
Hd\u00ad ,x\u00f3c t\u00b8 c, t
+
\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192Y
2
0
HO
x\u00f3c t\u00b8 c, t
\u2212
\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192Z
tr\u00ef ng h\u00ee p
\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192poli propilen. X c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 l\u00e0 CTCT n\u00e0o
trong c\u00e1c CT sau: A . CH3\u2013CO\u2013CH3
B . CH2=CH\u2013CH2OH
C . CH\u2261 C\u2013CHO
D . T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 \u0111\u1ec1u \u0111\u00fang.
C\u00e2u 18: Cho s\u0111 sau:X
2
Br d\u00ad
+
\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192Y
2
0
HO
OH ,t ,P
\u2212
+
\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192OHC\u2013CHO
X c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 l\u00e0 CTCT n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y:
A . CH2=CH2
B . CHBr=CH2
C . CHBr2\u2013CH2OH
D . CH\u2261 CH
C\u00e2u 19: X\u00e9t chu\u1ed7i bi\u1ebfn h\u00f3a sau:
C3H8
2
Cl (t\u00d8l\u00d6 1:1)
\u00b8nh s\u00b8ng
+
\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192X
NaOH
\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192Y
0
CuO,t
\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192Z
Bi\u1ebft r\u1eb1ng X, Y, Z \u0111\u1ec1u l\u00e0 h\u1ee3p ch\u1ea5t h\u1eefu c\u01a1. Z ch\u00ednh l\u00e0:
A.CH3CH2CHO B.CH3\u2013CO\u2013CH3 C.CH3CH2COOH D.g\u1ed3m A va B
C\u00e2u 20: Cho s\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 bi\u1ebfn h\u00f3a sau: CaC2
n\u00ad \u00ed c
\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192M
0
4
n\u00ad \u00ed c
HgSO ,t
\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192N
2
0
H
Ni,t
+
\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192P
0
axit HBr, t
\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192Q
Bi\u1ebft M, N, P, Q \u0111\u1ec1u l\u00e0 h\u1ee3p ch\u1ea5t h\u1eefu c\u01a1. C\u00e2u tr\u1ea3 l\u1eddi n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y l\u00e0 sai:
A . M l\u00e0 axetilen
B . N l\u00e0 an\u0111ehit axetic
C . P l\u00e0 axit axetic
D . Q l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t este.
C\u00e2u 21: X\u00e9t c\u00e1c ch\u1ea5t h\u1eefu c\u01a1 sau:
CH2=CH\u2013CH2OH (1)
CH\u2261 C\u2013CH2OH (2)
CH2=CH\u2013CHO (3)
CH3\u2013CH2\u2013CHO (4)

Nh\u1eefng ch\u1ea5t n\u00e0o c\u1ed9ng hi\u0111r\u00f4 (d\u01b0) \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n Ni, nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 cho s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m
gi\u1ed1ng nhau: A.(1), (2) B.(3), (4) C.(1), (2), (4) D.(1), (2), (3), (4)
C\u00e2u 22: H\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p X g\u1ed3m r\u01b0\u1ee3u metylic v\u00e0 r\u01b0\u01a1u etylic. Khi oxi h\u00f3a (hi\u1ec7u
su\u1ea5t 100%) m gam h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p X thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p Y g\u1ed3m hai an\u0111ehit

t\u01b0\u01a1ng \u1ee9ng. Gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb
=XY
T dtrong kho\u1ea3ng n\u00e0o:A . 1,045 < T < 1,067
B . 0,938 < T < 0,956 C . 1,54 < T < 1,76
D . Kh\u00f4ng x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh
C\u00e2u 23: H\u00f3a h\u01a1i ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n 1,16 gam an\u0111ehit X ta thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 0,672 l\u00edt h\u01a1i
X \u1edf
0
136,5 Cv\u00e0 1 atm. M\u1eb7t kh\u00e1c khi cho 5,8 gam X ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng v\u1edbi l\u01b0\u1ee3ng
d\u01b0 AgNO3/am\u00f4niac thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 43,2 gam k\u1ebft t\u1ee7a b\u1ea1c. CTPT c\u1ee7a X l\u00e0:
A .C2 H4 O
B . CH2O
C .C2 H2 O2
D . Kh\u00f4ng x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh.
C\u00e2u 24: \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n m\u1ed9t an\u0111ehit X ta thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c
2
2
=
CO
H O
n
n, ta
k\u1ebft lu\u1eadn an\u0111ehit \u0111\u00f3 l\u00e0:
A . An\u0111ehit no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf
B . An\u0111ehit \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf.
C . An\u0111ehit \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c.

D . T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 \u0111\u1ec1u sai.
C\u00e2u 25: \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n a mol m\u1ed9t an\u0111ehit X thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c a mol kh\u00ed
CO2. CTPT c\u1ee7a X l\u00e0:

A . HCHO

B . CH3CHO C . OHC\u2013CHO D . Kh\u00f4ng x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh.
C\u00e2u 26: \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n m\u1ed9t th\u1ec3 t\u00edch h\u01a1i an\u0111ehit X thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c hai th\u1ec3
t\u00edch kh\u00ed CO2 (c\u00e1c kh\u00ed \u0111o c\u00f9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n). X kh\u00f4ng th\u1ec3 l\u00e0:
A . An\u0111ehit \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c

B . An\u0111ehit no
C . An\u0111ehit ch\u01b0a no.

D . An\u0111ehit hai ch\u1ee9c.
C\u00e2u 27: \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n a mol m\u1ed9t an\u0111ehit X thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 2a mol CO2.
M\u1eb7t kh\u00e1c, a mol X t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng v\u1edbi l\u01b0\u1ee3ng d\u01b0 AgNO3/am\u00f4niac t\u1ea1o ra 2a mol
b\u1ea1c. X ch\u00ednh l\u00e0:
A . HCHO

B . CH3CHO C . OHC\u2013CHO

D . Kh\u00f4ng x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh
C\u00e2u 28: \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n 5,8 gam m\u1ed9t an\u0111ehit no \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf
thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 6,72 l\u00edt kh\u00ed CO2 (\u0111kc). CTPT c\u1ee7a X l\u00e0:
A . HCHO

B . CH3CHO

C . C2H5CHO D . K\u1ebft qu\u1ea3 kh\u00e1c.
C\u00e2u 29: \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n 1 mol an\u0111ehit X thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 44,8 l\u00edt kh\u00ed CO2
(\u0111kc) v\u00e0 36 gam n\u01b0\u1edbc. CTPT c\u1ee7a X l\u00e0:

A .C2 H4 O
B .C3 H4 O
C. C2H2O2
D .C3 H4 O2
C\u00e2u 30: \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n m\u1ed9t an\u0111ehit X thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c
2
2
=
CO
H O
n
n. M\u1eb7t

kh\u00e1c khi cho 1 mol X t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng v\u1edbi l\u01b0\u1ee3ng d\u01b0 AgNO3/am\u00f4niac ta thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c
4 mol k\u1ebft t\u1ee7a b\u1ea1c. X l\u00e0
A . An\u0111ehit \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf

B . An\u0111ehit fomic.
C . An\u0111ehit axetic

D . Kh\u00f4ng x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh.
C\u00e2u 31: Chia h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p g\u1ed3m hai an\u0111ehit no \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf th\u00e0nh hai
ph\u1ea7n b\u1eb1ng nhau. \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n ph\u1ea7n 1 thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 0,36 gam n\u01b0\u1edbc.
Hi\u0111r\u00f4 h\u00f3a ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n ph\u1ea7n 2 thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p X g\u1ed3m hai r\u01b0\u1ee3u \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c
t\u01b0\u01a1ng \u1ee9ng. \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p X thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c th\u1ec3 t\u00edch kh\u00ed CO2
(\u0111kc) l\u00e0: A . 0,448 l\u00edt B . 0,672 l\u00edt C . 2,688 l\u00edt D . Ko x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh
C\u00e2u 32: Kh\u1eed h\u00f3a ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n m\u1ed9t mol an\u0111ehit \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf X c\u1ea7n 2
mol kh\u00ed hi\u0111r\u00f4. X l\u00e0: A . CH2=CH\u2013CHO

B . CH3CHO
C . An\u0111ehit \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf ch\u1ee9a m\u1ed9t li\u00ean k\u1ebft \u0111\u00f4i
D . An\u0111ehit \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf.
C\u00e2u 33: M\u1ed9t th\u1ec3 t\u00edch h\u01a1i an\u0111ehit m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf X c\u1ed9ng h\u1ee3p t\u1ed1i \u0111a \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c hai th\u1ec3
t\u00edch hi\u0111r\u00f4 (c\u00e1c kh\u00ed \u0111o c\u00f9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n). S\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m sinh ra t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng v\u1edbi
natri d\u01b0 sinh ra th\u1ec3 t\u00edch b\u1eb1ng th\u1ec3 t\u00edch h\u01a1i an\u0111ehit X \u0111\u00e3 d\u00f9ng ban \u0111\u1ea7u (c\u00e1c
kh\u00ed \u0111o c\u00f9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n). X l\u00e0: A . An\u0111ehit \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c no.
B . An\u0111ehit \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c ch\u1ee9a m\u1ed9t li\u00ean k\u1ebft \u0111\u00f4i.
C . An\u0111ehit nh\u1ecb ch\u1ee9c ch\u01b0a no.

D . An\u0111ehit nh\u1ecb ch\u1ee9c no.
C\u00e2u 34: Cho 4,4 gam m\u1ed9t an\u0111ehit \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf tr\u00e1ng g\u01b0\u01a1ng thu
\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 21,6 gam k\u1ebft t\u1ee7a b\u1ea1c. CTPT c\u1ee7a X l\u00e0:

COOHCH3
CH2O CHO
OH
CH2 CHO
CH2OH
CHO
A . HCHO
B . CH3CHO
C . C2H5CHO

D . K\u1ebft qu\u1ea3 kh\u00e1c.
C\u00e2u 35: Oxi h\u00f3a ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n 2,1 gam m\u1ed9t an\u0111ehit \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 3,22
gam axit t\u01b0\u01a1ng \u1ee9ng. CTPT c\u1ee7a an\u0111ehit l\u00e0:
A . HCHO

B . C2H5CHO
C . OHC\u2013CHO

D . Ko x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh
C\u00e2u 36: Cho 0,744 gam h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p hai an\u0111ehit m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf no \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c d\u1ea1ng
l\u1ecfng l\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u1eb3ng k\u1ebf ti\u1ebfp t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng h\u1ebft v\u1edbi dung d\u1ecbch AgNO3/am\u00f4niac thu
\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 3,24 gam k\u1ebft t\u1ee7a b\u1ea1c. CTPT c\u1ee7a hai an\u0111ehit l\u00e0:
A . HCHO v\u00e0 CH3CHO

B . CH3CHO v\u00e0 C2H5CHO
C . C2H5CHO v\u00e0 C3H7CHO

D . K\u1ebft qu\u1ea3 kh\u00e1c.
C\u00e2u 37: \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n 0,1 mol h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p X g\u1ed3m hai an\u0111ehit l\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed3ng
\u0111\u1eb3ng k\u1ebf ti\u1ebfp thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 3,584 l\u00edt kh\u00ed CO2 (\u0111kc) v\u00e0 2,88 gam n\u01b0\u1edbc.
a) CTPT c\u1ee7a hai an\u0111ehit c\u00f3 d\u1ea1ng:
A . CnH2nO (n\u2265 1)

B . CnH2n - 2O2 (n\u2265 2)
C . CnH2n - 2O (n\u2265 3)
D . K\u1ebft qu\u1ea3 kh\u00e1c.

b) N\u1ebfu cho 7,68 gam h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng v\u1edbi l\u01b0\u1ee3ng v\u1eeba \u0111\u1ee7
AgNO3/am\u00f4niac th\u00ec thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng b\u1ea1c l\u00e0:
A . 21,6 gam B . 17,68 gam

C . 43,2 gam D . Kh\u00f4ng x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh.

C\u00e2u 38: Sau th\u00ed nghi\u1ec7m ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng tr\u00e1ng g\u01b0\u01a1ng b\u1eb1ng an\u0111ehit axetic ta thu
\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 0,1 mol b\u1ea1c kim lo\u1ea1i. B\u00ed\u1ebft r\u1eb1ng hi\u1ec7u su\u1ea5t ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng \u0111\u1ea1t 80%. Kh\u1ed1i
l\u01b0\u1ee3ng an\u0111ehit \u0111\u00e3 d\u00f9ng l\u00e0:
A . 2,2 gam B . 2,75 gam

C . 17,6 gam
D . K\u1ebft qu\u1ea3 kh\u00e1c.
B) Axit cacboxylic:
C\u00e2u 1: C\u00e1c \u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u1eb3ng c\u1ee7a axit ax\u00eatic \u0111\u1ec1u:
A . C\u00f3 t\u00ednh axit

B . Ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng v\u1edbi r\u01b0\u1ee3u.
C . C\u00f3 c\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c chung CnH2nO2 (n\u2265 1) D . T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 \u0111\u1ec1u \u0111\u00fang.
C\u00e2u 2: Ch\u1ecdn c\u00e2u sai:
A . C\u00e1c \u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u1eb3ng c\u1ee7a axit ax\u00eatic \u0111\u1ec1u l\u00e0 ch\u1ea5t l\u1ecfng ho\u1eb7c ch\u1ea5t r\u1eafn.
B . Nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 s\u00f4i c\u1ee7a axit cao h\u01a1n nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 s\u00f4i c\u1ee7a r\u01b0\u1ee3u c\u00f9ng s\u1ed1 nguy\u00ean t\u1eed
cacbon.
C . C\u00e1c axit cacboxylic \u0111\u1ec1u kh\u00f4ng tham gia ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng tr\u00e1ng g\u01b0\u01a1ng.
D . C\u00e1c axit cacboxylic \u0111\u1ec1u th\u1ec3 hi\u1ec7n t\u00ednh axit v\u00e0 tham gia p\u1ee9ng este h\u00f3a
C\u00e2u 3: Ph\u00e1t bi\u1ec3u n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y sai:
A . C\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c chung c\u1ee7a axit cacboxylic l\u00e0 RCOOH ( R l\u00e0 g\u1ed1c
hi\u0111r\u00f4cacbon).
B . Do \u1ea3nh h\u01b0\u1edfng h\u00fat electron c\u1ee7a nh\u00f3m

l\u00ean nh\u00f3m \u2013OH n\u00ean
RCOOH c\u00f3 t\u00ednh axit.
C . Nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 s\u00f4i c\u1ee7a axit cao h\u01a1n nhi\u1ec7t \u0111\u1ed9 s\u00f4i c\u1ee7a r\u01b0\u1ee3u c\u00f3 c\u00f9ng s\u1ed1 ngt\u1eed
cacbon do hai ph\u00e2n t\u1eed axit li\u00ean k\u1ebft v\u1edbi nhau b\u1edfi hai li\u00ean k\u1ebft hi\u0111r\u00f4.
D . Dung d\u1ecbch ch\u1ee9a axit cacboxylic l\u00e0m qu\u1ef3 t\u00edm h\u00f3a \u0111\u1ecf.
C\u00e2u 4: C\u00e1c \u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u1eb3ng c\u1ee7a axit acrylic \u0111\u1ec1u:
A . L\u00e0m m\u1ea5t m\u00e0u (nh\u1ea1t m\u00e0u) dung d\u1ecbch thu\u1ed1c t\u00edm.
B . Tham gia ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng tr\u00f9ng h\u1ee3p.
C . C\u00f3 c\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c chung CnH2n \u2013 2O2 (n\u2265 3).

D . T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 \u0111\u1ec1u \u0111\u00fang. C\u00e2u 5: C\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c axit \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf c\u00f3 m\u1ed9t li\u00ean k\u1ebft \u0111\u00f4i trong ph\u00e2n t\u1eed l\u00e0: A . CnH2n \u2013 2O2 (n\u2265 3).B . CnH2n \u2013 1 COOH (n\u2265 2). C . CnH2n + 1 COOH (n\u2265 2).

D . A, B \u0111\u1ec1u \u0111\u00fang.
C\u00e2u 6: a) T\u1ed5ng s\u1ed1 \u0111\u1ed3ng ph\u00e2n axit c\u00f3 CTPT C4H6O2 l\u00e0:
A .2
B .3
C .4
D .8
b) S\u1ed1 \u0111\u1ed3ng ph\u00e2n cis \u2013 trans c\u1ee7a axit C4H6O2 l\u00e0:
A .1
B .2
C .3
D .4
C\u00e2u 7: C\u00f3 bao nhi\u00eau \u0111\u1ed3ng ph\u00e2n axit C5H10O2 t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng v\u1edbi clo/ \u00e1nh s\u00e1ng
theo t\u1ec9 l\u1ec7 1:1 cho ra duy nh\u1ea5t m\u1ed9t s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m:
A .1
B .2
C .3

D . T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 sai.
C\u00e2u 8: C\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c \u0111\u01a1n gi\u1ea3n nh\u1ea5t c\u1ee7a axit no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf l\u00e0 C2H3O2. CTPT
c\u1ee7a X l\u00e0:A . C2H3O2

B .C4 H6 O4

C . C8H12O8 D . T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 sai
C\u00e2u 9: C\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c \u0111\u01a1n gi\u1ea3n nh\u1ea5t c\u1ee7a axit no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf l\u00e0 C2H4O. CTPT
c\u1ee7a X l\u00e0: A . C4H8O2

B .C8 H16 O4 C .C12 H24 O4

D . K\u1ebft qu\u1ea3 kh\u00e1c
C\u00e2u 10: Cho ba ch\u1ea5t h\u0169u c\u01a1 sau \u0111\u00e2y: HCHO, HCOOH, HCOONH4
Ch\u00fang \u0111\u1ec1u c\u00f3 \u0111\u1eb7c \u0111i\u1ec3m chung l\u00e0: A . \u0110\u1ec1u t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c v\u1edbi NaOH.
B . L\u00e0m qu\u1ef3 t\u00edm h\u00f3a \u0111\u1ecf.

D . T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 \u0111\u1ec1u sai.
C . T\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng v\u1edbi l\u01b0\u1ee3ng d\u01b0 AgNO3/am\u00f4niac \u0111un n\u00f3ng t\u1ea1o ra b\u1ea1c kim lo\u1ea1i.
C\u00e2u 11: Cho c\u00e1c axit sau: CH3\u2013CH2\u2013COOH (1) CHCl2\u2013CH2\u2013COOH (2)

CH2Cl\u2013CHCl\u2013COOH (3)
CH3\u2013CCl2 \u2013COOH (4)
Axit c\u00f3 t\u00ednh axit m\u1ea1nh nh\u1ea5t l\u00e0:A . (1) B . (2)
C . (3)
D . (4)
C\u00e2u 12: Nh\u1eadn bi\u1ebft hai ch\u1ea5t: axit fomic v\u00e0 axit ax\u00eatic ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta d\u00f9ng h\u00f3a
ch\u1ea5t: A . Canxi cacbonat
B . Natri hi\u0111r\u00f4xit

C . Dung d\u1ecbch AgNO3/am\u00f4niac D . Kh\u00f4ng nh\u1eadn \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c.
C\u00e2u 13: Ph\u00e2n bi\u1ec7t hai axit: axit propionic v\u00e0 axit acrylic ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta d\u00f9ng:
A . Dung d\u1ecbch AgNO3/am\u00f4niac

B . N\u01b0\u1edbc br\u00f4m
C . Canxi cacbonat

D . Kh\u00f4ng ph\u00e2n bi\u1ec7t \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c.
C\u00e2u 14: Nung Natri fomiat khan v\u1edbi v\u00f4i t\u00f4i x\u00fat thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m l\u00e0:
A . Hi\u0111r\u00f4 v\u00e0 natri cacbonat

B . Metan v\u00e0 natri cacbonat
C . Natri cacbonat
D . T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 sai.

C\u00e2u 15: Cho h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p g\u1ed3m r\u01b0\u1ee3u etylic v\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng kh\u00ed \u0111i qua Cu nung n\u00f3ng
\u0111\u1ecf. Khi ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng x\u1ea3y ra, ti\u1ebfp t\u1ee5c nung n\u00f3ng v\u1edbi (CH3COO)2Mn ta thu
\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m l\u00e0:
A . CH3CHO B . CH3COOH C . (COOH)2

D . CO2 v\u00e0 n\u01b0\u1edbc.
C\u00e2u 16: Cho s\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 bi\u1ebfn h\u00f3a sau: CH\u2261 CH
2
\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192
Br d\u00ad
X1\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192
NaOH
X2
0
2
Cu(OH) /NaOH,t
\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192X3
dung d\u00dech HCl
\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192X4
X1, X2, X3, X4 \u0111\u1ec1u l\u00e0 h\u1ee3p ch\u1ea5t h\u1eefu c\u01a1. C\u00e2u tr\u1ea3 l\u1eddi n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y l\u00e0 sai:
A . X3 l\u00e0 mu\u1ed1i.
B . X2 l\u00e0 an\u0111ehit hai ch\u1ee9c.
C . X1 l\u00e0 1,1,2,2 \u2013 tetrabr\u00f4m etan
D . X4 l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t este.
C\u00e2u 17: X\u00e9t s\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 chuy\u1ec3n h\u00f3a sau:
CH4
2
Cl
\u00b8 nh s\u00b8 ng
+
\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192X
2
HO
OH\u2212
+
\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192Y
2
oxi
Mn+
+
\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192HCOOH. X, Y l\u00e0:
A.CH3Cl, CH3OH B.CH2Cl2, HCHO C.CH3Cl, HCHO D.T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 sai
C\u00e2u 18: Cho s\u01a1 \u0111\u1ed3 bi\u1ebfn h\u00f3a sau:
2
Br (t\u00d8l\u00d61:1)
\u00b8nh s\u00b8ng
+
\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192M
0
\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192
NaOH,t
N
0
\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192
CuO, t
P
0
2
\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192
Cu(OH) /NaOH,t
Q
2
4
\ue000\ue000\ue000\ue000\u2192
dd H SO
K

Bi\u1ebft r\u1eb1ng M, N, P, Q, K \u0111\u1ec1u l\u00e0 h\u1ee3p ch\u1ea5t h\u1eefu c\u01a1. K ch\u00ednh l\u00e0:
A . Axit benzoic B . Natri benzoat C . M\u1ed9t este D . K\u1ebft qu\u1ea3 kh\u00e1c
C\u00e2u 19: M\u1ed9t axit \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf X c\u00f3 t\u1ec9 kh\u1ed1i h\u01a1i so v\u1edbi kh\u00f4ng kh\u00ed
l\u00e0 2,07. CTPT c\u1ee7a X l\u00e0: A.CH2O2

B.C2H4O2 C.C3H6O2

D.C3H8O
C\u00e2u 20: M\u1ed9t axit \u0111icacboxylic X c\u00f3 th\u00e0nh ph\u1ea7n nguy\u00ean t\u1ed1: %C =26,67%;
%H = 2,22%. CTPT c\u1ee7a X l\u00e0: A . (COOH)2

B . CH2(COOH)
C . C2H4(COOH)2

D . C3H6(COOH)2
C\u00e2u 21: H\u00f3a h\u01a1i ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n 1,44 gam m\u1ed9t axit \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c X \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c th\u1ec3 t\u00edch
h\u01a1i b\u1eb1ng v\u1edbi th\u1ec3 t\u00edch c\u1ee7a 0,88 gam CO2 c\u00f9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n. Axit n\u00e0y l\u00e0:
A . Axit ax\u00eatic B . Axit oxalic C . Axit acrilic D . K\u1ebft qu\u1ea3 kh\u00e1c.
C\u00e2u 22: Nung 8,2 gam m\u1ed9t mu\u1ed1i axit h\u1eefu c\u01a1 \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c X thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 3,36
l\u00edt kh\u00ed CO2 (\u0111kc), 2,7 gam n\u01b0\u1edbc v\u00e0 5,3 gam Na2CO3. CTPT c\u1ee7a X l\u00e0:

A.C3H7COONa B . C2H5COONa C.C2H3COONa D.CH3COONa

C\u00e2u 23: \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n m\u1ed9t l\u01b0\u1ee3ng ch\u1ea5t h\u1eefu c\u01a1 X c\u1ea7n 0,3 mol oxi
thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 13,2 gam CO2 v\u00e0 3,6 gam n\u01b0\u1edbc. Bi\u1ebft r\u1eb1ng X c\u00f3 hai li\u00ean k\u1ebft\u03c0
trong ph\u00e2n t\u1eed. CTPT c\u1ee7a X l\u00e0:A.C6H10 B.C5H8O C.C4H6O2 D.C3H4O2

C\u00e2u 24: \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n m\u1ed9t axit h\u1eefu c\u01a1 X thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c
2
2
=
CO
H O
n
n.
Axit \u0111\u00f3 l\u00e0: A . Axit no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf
B . Axit \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c.

C . Axit \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf. D.Axit hai ch\u1ee9c no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf
C\u00e2u 25: \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n m\u1ed9t th\u1ec3 t\u00edch h\u01a1i axit X thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c m\u1ed9t th\u1ec3 t\u00edch
kh\u00ed CO2 \u0111o c\u00f9ng \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n. X ch\u00ednh l\u00e0:
A . Axit fomic B . Axit ax\u00eatic C . Axit oxalic D . Kh\u00f4ng x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh.
C\u00e2u 26: \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n m\u1ed9t th\u1ec3 t\u00edch h\u01a1i axit no \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf X
thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ba th\u1ec3 t\u00edch kh\u00ed CO2 (c\u00e1c th\u1ec3 t\u00edch \u0111o c\u00f9ng \u0111i\u1ec3u ki\u1ec7n). X ch\u00ednh l\u00e0:
A . Axit ax\u00eatic B . Axit propionic C . Axit acrilic D . Axit butiric.
C\u00e2u 27: \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n 0,37 gam axit no \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf X sinh ra
0,015 mol CO2 (c\u00e1c th\u1ec3 t\u00edch \u0111o c\u00f9ng \u0111i\u1ec3u ki\u1ec7n). CTPT c\u1ee7a X l\u00e0:

A .C4 H8 O2
B .C3 H6 O2
C. C2H4O2

D . K\u1ebft qu\u1ea3 kh\u00e1c.
C\u00e2u 28: \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n 1 mol axit \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c c\u1ea7n 0,5 mol oxi. X
ch\u00ednh l\u00e0: A . Axit fomic B . Axit ax\u00eatic C . Axit oxalic D . Axit acrilic.

C\u00e2u 29: \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n 1 mol axit X l\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u1eb3ng c\u1ee7a axit acrilic
c\u1ea7n 4,5 mol kh\u00ed oxi. X c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 l\u00e0 axit n\u00e0o trong c\u00e1c axit sau:
A . Axit oleic

B . Axit oxalic C . Axit metacrilic D . T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3
\u0111\u1ec1u sai.
C\u00e2u 30: \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n m gam m\u1ed9t axit \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c no m\u1ea1ch h\u1edf X thu
\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c (m \u2013 0,25) gam CO2 v\u00e0 (m \u2013 3,5) gam n\u01b0\u1edbc. Axit X l\u00e0:
A . HCOOH B . CH3COOH C . C2H5COOH D . C3H7COOH
C\u00e2u 31: \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n 0,2 mol h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p hai axit no \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c m\u1ea1ch
h\u1edf l\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u1eb3ng k\u1ebf ti\u1ebfp thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 0,3 mol CO2.
a) CTPT c\u1ee7a hai axit tr\u00ean l\u00e0: A.CH2O2 v\u00e0 C2H4O2
B.C2H4O2 v\u00e0 C3H6O2 C . C3H6O2 v\u00e0 C4H8O2

D . C3H4O2 v\u00e0 C4H6O2
b) Th\u00e0nh ph\u1ea7n % v\u1ec1 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng c\u1ee7a hai axit trong h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p l\u00e0:
A.20% v\u00e0 80% B.43,4% v\u00e0 56,6% C.23,7% v\u00e0 76,3% D.Ko x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh
C\u00e2u 32: \u0110\u1ed1t ch\u00e1y ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n 0,1 mol h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p X g\u1ed3m hai axit h\u1eefu c\u01a1 l\u00e0
\u0111\u1ed3ng \u0111\u1eb3ng k\u1ebf ti\u1ebfp ta thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 6,6 gam v\u00e0 2,7 gam n\u01b0\u1edbc.
a) CTPT c\u1ee7a hai axit tr\u00ean l\u00e0:
A . HCOOH v\u00e0 CH3COOH

B . CH3COOH v\u00e0 C2H5COOH
C . (COOH)2 v\u00e0 CH2(COOH)2

D . C2H3COOH v\u00e0 C3H5COOH
b) Khi cho 0,1 h\u1ed7n h\u1ee3p X t\u00e1c d\u1ee5ng v\u1edbi l\u01b0\u1ee3ng d\u01b0 AgNO3/am\u00f4niac th\u00ec t\u1ea1o
ra kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng b\u1ea1c l\u00e0: A . Kh\u00f4ng c\u00f3 ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng tr\u00e1ng g\u01b0\u01a1ng.
B . 10,8 gam C . 5,4 gam

D . 16,2 gam
C\u00e2u 33: Trung h\u00f2a ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n 1,76 gam m\u1ed9t axit \u0111\u01a1n ch\u1ee9c h\u1eefu c\u01a1 X b\u1eb1ng
dung d\u1ecbch NaOH v\u1eeda \u0111\u1ee7 r\u1ed3i c\u00f4 c\u1ea1n dung d\u1ecbch sau ph\u1ea3n \u1ee9ng thu \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c 2,2
gam mu\u1ed1i khan. Axit X l\u00e0:
A . HCOOH B . CH3COOH

C . C2H3COOH D . C3H7COOH
CH3
C O

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