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Lear_45 Data Sheet

Lear_45 Data Sheet

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Published by fefethepilot

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Published by: fefethepilot on Dec 05, 2009
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12/05/2009

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 1
LR45 – General Information
Turbofan engine – TFE 731-20 engines (3500# thrust @ sea level)\ Hydraulics – 2 engine driven systems / redundant and situational – if in doubt take the breaks overreversers or flaps – operates spoilers, spoilerons and flaps – everything else is mechanicalBrake by wire and Steer by wire systems – Brakes are pretty beefyElectrical – Generators (no inverters) - components handle conversion of power themselves, Alternatorsonly used for windshield heatGlass Cockpit – utilizes 4 MFD’s (info interchangeable) / EICAS normally on MFD #2 – can also beshifted to RMU in case of failuresNot certified for ditching. Doesn’t float well.Unpressurized areas – nose, fuel and tailWings – group leading edges – fixed to keep laminar flow and ailerons effective at higher AOA / vortilons (vertical edges on wings) prevent lateral flow at high AOA / stall strips (sharp triangles) delayseparation at high AOA and allows for better handling at low speedsTail – Delta Fins – enhances stability and decreases Dutch roll / also provides static dischargeDoors – 2 piece clam shell – open top first (6 pins) then lower door (4 pins) / CAS messages for EntryDoor Pin –on ground only, Entry Door – InflightTop Door is also Emergency exit / Emergency hatch on other side (drop straight to ground 5-6’ – watchtriangles or get cut)Fuel – gravity fill and single point on fuselage only (no fuel caps on wings)Aft Baggage can be heated – light is also Hot Bus Item (don’t forget to turn it off)Anything Magenta means pilot selected – White data refers to FMS – Green data refers to RMUStatic Wicks – 4 may be missingMost inboard on winglet, inboard on delta fin, inboard on elevator, aft on vertical stabilizer
 
 2
Flight Instruments
The Primus 1000 Avionics System (Honeywell) – the IC600 flight guidance computerDual IC600’s, dual air data computers (ADC), the Primus Weather Radar system, and the HoneywellPrimus II integrated radio system (RMU).The Primus 1000 Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) – 4 Display Units (DU’s) driven by twoSignal Generators (SG’s) which reside within the IC’s.IC#1 – runs DU1 and DU2IC#2 – runs DU3 and DU4
Data Acquisition Units
IC’s receive data from the DAU’s, ADC’s, AHRS’s, Navigation systems, FMS’s, autopilot and othersystems to generate the information displayed on the EFIS system.
Airspeed Display
has several bugs and trend indicators. These make it easy once you figure them out.Lead them slightly.Speed Trend – pink bar on right side – shows where airspeed will be in 10 secondsOverspeed Indicator – red bar left side at topLow Airspeed Awareness – red bar left side bottomMach Indicator – shown at bottom of airspeed tapeSet bugs by using speed knobAbnormal Conditions – digits amber when overspeed imminent / digits red during overspeedComparison Alert – IAS in amber – when speeds
±
5 kts, (.1 Mach) – indicates ADC problem- red X indicates ADC failure
Altitude Display
– Right tape on PFDAlt. Select Digital Readout – set through ASEL knob (top center panel)FD/AP won’t level off if GS is green (captured)Double Chevron for 1000’s / single chevron – for 500’sRA – detects low altitude awareness (brown box at bottom of tape)Trend Bug – magenta left side of tape – where you will be in 6 secondsAlt Bug – won’t show if off scaleComparison Alert – ALT in amber – when ADC’s are outside of 200’Red X – ADC failureBaro Indication – toggles between inches and millibars / set with BARO SET knob (bottom rightPFD)Set BARO/RA button to set bug for DH (bottom left PFD)
 
 3
Automatic Flight Control System
(not just an AutoPilot)1 Auto Pilot and 2 Flight Directors managed through a common control panel (top center)
Auto Pilot
– Modes = A/P and FDAutomatically brings up YD with APIs engaged when “AP” on top of PFDTurned off several ways:Manually : will give amber AP flash and calvary chargeusing “SEC Trim” on pedestalPush AP button on top panel (normal)Push YD button on top panelPush “Go Around” buttonSelect AHRS to other than normal (won’t run without both)Activating Electric Trim on yoke (just push arm button)Depress either CWMS (red buttons on yoke)Automatically: will give red AP flash and clavary charge until silencedAP monitor detects faultAP pitch trim detects faultLoss of power source to APLoss of servo powerIC / SG failureLoss of either AHRS systemAircraft exceeds 35
°
Bank, 25
°
Pitch Up or 15
°
Pitch DownEither Stick Shaker activatesLimitations:Must be off for takeoff and landing, do not physically over powerMinimums use - Climb, enroute, descent 500’ AGLApproach 200’ AGLVNAV 400’ AGL or MDA (highest)
Flight Directors
Two independently generated but managed by one control panelAP will only couple to the “Master” FD as shown on the control panel (shown by green
ontop of PFD)CUE – changes selected view of FDDefaults to “ROL
PIT” modes then you can change itTurn it off by pushing FD (top center) – can’t when AP is onCan turn off FD if AP is engaged to slave sideFR button switches sides and will revert to default settingsWhite is armed / green is active

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