Geology and Earth Science Terms andDefinitions
Geological Terms Beginning With "A"
A term of Hawaiian origin. Used in reference to a basaltic lava that occurs in flows with afissured, rough and jagged surface.
Obtaining the legal right to test a property for mineral resources and produce any that arediscovered. The rights can be obtained by purchasing the entire property (surface andmineral rights), purchasing the mineral rights alone, concession, or leasing the mineralrights.
The volume of water needed to flood one acre of land to a depth of one foot. Equivalentto 43,560 cubic feet, 1,233 cubic meters or 325,851 gallons. One of the most commonunits of measure used for reservoir capacity. Also used in mineral resource calculations(an acre-foot of coal is a block of coal one acre in area and one foot thick - it weighsapproximately 1,800 tons).
An area, measured in acres, that is owned or controlled by one or more owners or lessees.“Gross Acreage” is the entire geographic area under control. “Net Acreage” is the grossacreage multiplied by the fractional share of any individual owner or lessee.
Used in reference to materials that are rich in sodium and/or potassium.