21 o 23 patients on oral medications and 13 o 17 patients oninsulin were able to get o o their medications afer 26 days ona near-vegetarian diet and exercise program.
During two- andthree-year ollow-ups, most people with diabetes treated withthis regimen have retained their gains.
Te dietary changes aresimple, but proound, and they work.A 2006 study, conducted by the Physicians Committee orResponsible Medicine with the George Washington University and the University o oronto, looked at the health benets o a low-at, unrened, vegan diet (excluding all animal products)in people with type 2 diabetes.
Portions o vegetables, grains,ruits, and legumes were unlimited. he vegan diet groupwas compared with a group ollowing a portion-controlled,higher-at diet based on American Diabetes Association (ADA)guidelines. Te results o this 22-week study were astounding:
Forty-three percent o the vegan group and 26 percent o the ADA group reduced their diabetes medications. Amongthose whose medications remained constant, the vegangroup lowered hemoglobin A1C, an index o long-termblood glucose control, by 1.2 points, three times the changein the ADA group.
he vegan group lost an average o about 13 pounds,compared with about 9 pounds in the ADA group.
Among those participants who didn’t change their lipid-lowering medications, the vegan group also had moresubstantial decreases in their total and LDL cholesterollevels compared to the ADA group.
his study illustrates that a plant-based diet candramatically improve the health o people with diabetes.It also shows that people ound this way o eating highly acceptable and easy to ollow.
ype 1 Diabetes and Diet
While people with type 2 diabetes can ofen reduce, andsometimes eliminate, medications when they lose weight andood and exercise are better controlled, those with type 1 diabeteswill always need insulin. Even so, a good diet can minimize theamount o insulin required. ype 1 diabetes, ormerly called“childhood onset diabetes,” occurs when the pancreas stopsproducing insulin. Te cause o type 1 diabetes remains elusive.Several studies have implicated cow’s milk consumption as apossible contributor.
When milk consumption patterns wereexamined across various nations, there was a strong correlationwith the incidence o type 1 diabetes. It may be that milk proteins cause an autoimmune reaction in which the body mistakenly attacks its own insulin-producing cells. For thisreason, among others, the American Academy o Pediatricsno longer recommends unmodied cow’s milk or inants.When breast-eeding women ingest dairy products, the cow’smilk proteins end up in their own breast milk. For this reason,breasteeding mothers may do well to avoid cow’s milk untilmore research is completed
Te Remarkably-Simple New Dietary Approachto Diabetes:
Give It a 3-Week Trial. What HaveYou Got to Lose?
1. Begin a Vegan Diet: Avoid Animal Products.
diet has no animal products at all: No red meat,poultry, pork, sh, dairy products, and eggs. Why? Animalproducts contain
at, which is linked to heart disease,insulin resistance, and certain orms o cancer. Tey also containcholesterol and, o course, animal protein. It may surprise youto learn that diets high in animal protein can aggravate kidney problems and calcium losses. All the protein you need can beound in whole grains, legumes, and even vegetables: that’swhere strong horses, bulls, and elephants get their protein.
2. Avoid Added Vegetable Oils and Other High-Fat Foods.
Although vegetable oils are healthier than animal ats, youwill still want to keep them to a minimum. All ats and oils arehighly concentrated in calories. A gram o any at or oil containsnine calories, compared with only our calories or a gram o carbohydrate. Te amount o at we really need each day is quitesmall and readily available by eating whole oods.Avoid oily toppings and oods ried in oil. Limit olives,avocados, nuts, and peanut butter. Read labels, and choose oodswith no more than 2–3 grams o at per serving.
3. Favor Foods with a Low Glycemic Index.
Te glycemic index identies oods that increase blood sugarrapidly. Tis handy tool allows you to avor oods that havemuch less eect on blood sugar.
Quick Glycemic Guide
(enjoy)White or wheat breadMost cold cerealsWatermelon, pineappleBaking potatoesSugar Pumpernickel, rye,multigrain, or sourdough breadOld-ashioned oatmeal,bran cerealsMost ruitsSweet potatoesPastaRice, barley, couscous,quinoaBeans, peas, lentilsMost vegetables
4. Go High-Fiber.
Aim or at least 40 grams o ber each day. Choose beans, vegetables, ruits, and whole grains (e.g., whole wheat pasta,barley, oats, quinoa). Aim or at least 3 grams/ber perserving on labels and 10 to 15 grams per meal. Start slowly.Expect a change in bowel habits (usually or the better).