Thirukkural, the precious gem among the classics enshrines in it 1330 couplets under 133Chapters, and each chapter comprising 10 couplets. The chapters fall under 3 major parts:Virtue, Wealth and Love. The first part known as
(on Virtue) describes thegreatness of the individual man. The second part,
(on Wealth) is the largest one with70 chapters (700 couplets) covering the essentials of life in society – State and its policies:Army (
), People (
), Food (
), Ministers (
), Allies (
) andFortress (
). The third and last part,
) (on Love), portrays thevictory of inner self.
[ii] They are again divided into subgroups as follows:
(1 – 4): On praise of God and praise of ascetics.1.2.
(5 – 24): On domestic life; obtaining sons, possession of love,cherishing guests, utterance of pleasant words, dreading evil deeds, and so on1.3.
(25 – 37): On Ascetic life and virtues, penance, renunciation of flesh, not being angry, not doing evil, not killing. Knowledge of truth, etc.1.4. Chapter 38 is on
PART II is on WEALTH (
( 39 – 63): On the greatness of the King and his qualities: possession of knowledge, seeking the aid of great men, acting after due consideration; avoiding meanassociation, knowledge of power, knowing the right time, listening to people, knowing the place, confidence, right scepter, absence of terrorism, hopefulness in trouble, etc.2.2.
Ministers of state
(64 – 73): On the office of ministers; power in speech, purity of action, power in action, the right method of acting, the envoy, the knowledge of council chamber,not to dread the council etc.2.3.
The Essentials of a S
tate (74 – 95): The land, fortification, ways of accumulating wealth,excellence of the army, military spirit, enmity within, hostility, medicine, gambling, notoffending the great, not drinking wine; etc.2.4.
/ Miscellaneous) (96 – 108): On nobility, honor, courtesy, shame, agriculture, poverty, begging, the way of maintaining a family, perfectness, etc.
PART III is on LOVE (