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The History of English Language

The History of English Language



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Published by Osama Bin Amer
This documents give you the complete knowledge of English Language that we use everyday. Because Its good to know.
This documents give you the complete knowledge of English Language that we use everyday. Because Its good to know.

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Published by: Osama Bin Amer on Feb 26, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The History of English Language 
By: Osama Bin Amer9-C
The Development of English Language
 The history of the English language really started with the arrival of three Germanic tribes who invaded Britain during the 5th centuryAD. These tribes, the Angles, the Saxons and the Jutes, crossed theNorth Sea from what today is Denmark and northern Germany. Atthat time the inhabitants of Britain spoke a Celtic language.But most of the Celtic speakers were pushed west and north bythe invaders - mainly into whatis now Wales, Scotland andIreland. The Angles came fromEngland and their language wascalled Englisc - from which the words England and English arederived.
The Old English (450 AD
1100 AD) 
 The invading Germanic tribes spoke similar languages, which inBritain developed into what we now call Old English. Old Englishdid not sound or look like English today. Native English speakersnow would have great difficulty understanding Old English.Nevertheless, about half of the mostcommonly used words in ModernEnglish have Old English roots. The words be, strong and water, for example,derive from Old English. Old English was spoken until around 1100.
Part of Beowulf, a poem written inOld English.
Middle English (1150
In 1066 William the Conqueror, the Duke of Normandy (part of modern France), invaded and conquered England. The newconquerors (called the Normans) brought with them a kind of French, which became the language of the Royal Court, and theruling and business classes. For aperiod there was a kind of linguisticclass division, where the lower classesspoke English and the upper classesspoke French. In the 14th centuryEnglish became dominant in Britainagain, but with many French wordsadded. This language is called MiddleEnglish. It was the language of thegreat poet Chaucer (c1340-1400), butit would still be difficult for nativeEnglish speakers to understand today.
Modern English 
Early Modern English (1500-1800) 
 Towards the end of Middle English, a sudden and distinct change inpronunciation (the Great Vowel Shift) started, with vowels beingpronounced shorter and shorter. From the 16th century the Britishhad contact with many
from around the world. This, andthe Renaissance of Classical learning, meant that many new wordsand phrases entered the language. The invention of printing alsomeant that there was now a common language in print. Booksbecame cheaper and more people learned to read. Printing alsobrought standardization to English. Spelling and grammar becamefixed, and the dialect of London, where most publishing houses
 An example of Middle English by Chaucer.

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