Justin whiteMarch 8, 2010A.P.E.S.HudsonKamanski, Ami, Cory The next test was the ion exchange test. Since nutrients have charges knowingwhat the soil’s charge is will tell what nutrients it will hold on to. In this test weused sand, clay, humus and our soil samples as well as four tubes, four vials, twocotton balls, eight rubber bands, a 30ml measuring cup, a large beaker, greasepencil, a pipette (3ml), and a mixing cup. Our soil had a high anion exchange (-)with a low cation exchange (+), meaning that our soil has a + charge.
Crystal violetEosin y
Volume of water addedColorintensityVolume of water addedColorintensity
6mlDark2mlMedIonexchangecapacityLow cation exchangeLow anion exchange
20mlClear9mlLightIonexchangecapacityHigh cation exchange Medium anion exchange
20mlClear5mlLightIonexchangecapacityHigh cationMedium anion
4mlDark20mlClearIonexchangecapacityLow cation exchangeHigh anion exchange The next test was the free ion test. This test shows what ions or nutrients arepresent and also the PH. Using pipette, soil sample, clear jar with lid 4 soil testkits with corresponding Indicator, with capsules, and a timer. Using test kits forph, nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. We discovered that there were traceamounts of nitrogen, low amounts of phosphorus, and med/low amounts of potassium. Also the PH was 6. This indicates that nitrogen is a limiting factor.