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Soil Productivity

Soil Productivity

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Published by: jawhite293 on Mar 11, 2010
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 Justin whiteMarch 8, 2010A.P.E.S.HudsonKamanski, Ami, Cory
Finding Soil Productivity
Introduction
- soil productivity is the capacity of a soil to support plant growth. This would relate to human’s impact on the environment, because if there ishigher soil productivity then the less space we would need for crops. Our soilwas obtained from 140 goat road west Tifton, Georgia.
Problem/ Purpose-
By finding the factors that determine soil productivity itwould allow us to change elements and consecutively maximize soil productivity.
Hypothesis-
as a group we decided that our soil sample would be a goodfarming soil because of the water availability and the nutrients around it.
Procedures-
the first test was the water holding capacity, in which we usedsamples of sand, clay, humus, and the soil and found how much water eachcould hold. For this test we used four plastic columns, four vials, four rubberbands, 8 one inch squares of cheese cloth, grease pencil, scissors, ruler, 30mlmeasuring cup, and a large beaker. This shows that our soil was either alreadysaturated or cannot hold water very well.Clay
 
SandHumusCollectedsoilWeight oemptycolumn2.83 g2.83g2.83g2.83gWeight ocolumn andsoil28.20g22.85g6.04g33.30gWeight osoil25.37g20.02g3.21g30.47gWeight ocolumn andsaturatedsoil35.93g25.43g6.79g33.31gWeight owater7.73g2.58g.75g.01gWaterholdingcapacity.30.13.23.00033
 
 Justin whiteMarch 8, 2010A.P.E.S.HudsonKamanski, Ami, Cory The next test was the ion exchange test. Since nutrients have charges knowingwhat the soil’s charge is will tell what nutrients it will hold on to. In this test weused sand, clay, humus and our soil samples as well as four tubes, four vials, twocotton balls, eight rubber bands, a 30ml measuring cup, a large beaker, greasepencil, a pipette (3ml), and a mixing cup. Our soil had a high anion exchange (-)with a low cation exchange (+), meaning that our soil has a + charge.
Crystal violetEosin y
Volume of water addedColorintensityVolume of water addedColorintensity
Sand
6mlDark2mlMedIonexchangecapacityLow cation exchangeLow anion exchange
Sand andclay
20mlClear9mlLightIonexchangecapacityHigh cation exchange Medium anion exchange
Sand andhumus
20mlClear5mlLightIonexchangecapacityHigh cationMedium anion
Collectedsample
4mlDark20mlClearIonexchangecapacityLow cation exchangeHigh anion exchange The next test was the free ion test. This test shows what ions or nutrients arepresent and also the PH. Using pipette, soil sample, clear jar with lid 4 soil testkits with corresponding Indicator, with capsules, and a timer. Using test kits forph, nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. We discovered that there were traceamounts of nitrogen, low amounts of phosphorus, and med/low amounts of potassium. Also the PH was 6. This indicates that nitrogen is a limiting factor.
 
 Justin whiteMarch 8, 2010A.P.E.S.HudsonKamanski, Ami, Cory
 TestPH(N) test(P) test(K) testSoilSample6Tracenear 0Low 25lb/acreMed/low16lb/acre Then we tested soil permeability. We used 4 plastic columns, samples of sand, clay,humus, and our soil, 8 rubber bands, scissors, 8 squares of cheese cloth, 4 vials, ruler,timer, large beaker, 30 ml measuring cup, and 3 paper towels, for this test. We firstcovered one end of the columns with cheesecloth then filled the columns ¾ of the wayand used a rubber band for each and attached them to the inside of the vials, next wepoured 10ml of water and timed how long it took for on drop to come and then how longit took it all to come, then using those saturated samples we did the same thing andrecorded the times and found that soil is more water permeable when it Is saturated butalso we found that the clay and the soil both had extremely low permeability indicatingthat the soil is mostly clay.Dry sampleWet sample Time for firstdrop Time for entiresample Time for firstdrop Time forentire sampleSand21 sec60 sec4 sec125 secClay20 min+20 min+20 min+20 min+Humus14 sec51 sec4 sec70 secCollectedsample394 sec20 min+20 min+20 min+N next test was the texture and particle size. We used a jar with a lid, water, soil, soap,calculator, ruler, and soil type chart. We filled the jar halfway with the soil and addedwater to just below the lid and shook it for 30 seconds. Then we added the pump of soapand allowed to settle overnight. Once it settled we measured the thickness of the entiresample and each clay, sand, and silt sections dividing those by the thickness of theentire sample and multiplying that by 100 to obtain the percents of each. Then using thesoil type chart we determined that our soil was sandy clay loam (however because of thewater permeability test we did this one over and did not have time to record thoseresults)Depth of clay layerDepth of silt layerDepth of sand layer Totaldepth%clay%silt%sandSoil typeCollectedsample1.8cm.4cm3.1cm5.4cm33%7.4%57.6%Sandyclay loam
Evaluation and conclusion
- according to the information found the soil would havea low productivity. The
reason being that it doesn’t hold water very well and it has

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