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Math May 2005 Exam S1

# Math May 2005 Exam S1

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10/03/2013

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S1 June 2005
1.
The scatter diagrams below were drawn by a student.

Diagram
A
Diagram
B
Diagram
y xvus
The student calculated the value of the product moment correlation coefficient for each of thesets of data.The values were0.68 –0.79 0.08Write down, with a reason, which value corresponds to which scatter diagram.
(6)
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2.
The following table summarises the distances, to the nearest km, that 134 examiners travelled toattend a meeting in London.
Distance (km) Number of examiners
41–45 446–50 1951–60 5361–70 3771–90 1591–150 6(
a
) Give a reason to justify the use of a histogram to represent these data.
(1)
(
b
) Calculate the frequency densities needed to draw a histogram for these data.
(DO NOT DRAW THE HISTOGRAM)(2)
(
c
) Use interpolation to estimate the median
Q
2
, the lower quartile
Q
1
, and the upper quartile
Q
3
of these data.The mid-point of each class is represented by
x
and the corresponding frequency by
f
.Calculations then give the following values

fx
= 8379.5 and

fx
2
= 557489.75(
) Calculate an estimate of the mean and an estimate of the standard deviation for these data.
(4)
One coefficient of skewness is given by
13123
2
QQQQQ
+
.(
e
) Evaluate this coefficient and comment on the skewness of these data.
(4)
(
f
) Give another justification of your comment in part (
e
).
(1)

4

3.
A long distance lorry driver recorded the distance travelled,
m
miles, and the amount of fuelused,
f
litres, each day. Summarised below are data from the driver’s records for a randomsample of 8 days.The data are coded such that
x
=
m
– 250 and
y
=
f
– 100.
x
= 130
y
= 48
xy
= 8880
S
xx
= 20

487.5(
a
) Find the equation of the regression line of
y
on
x
in the form
y
=
a
+
bx
.
(6)
(
b
) Hence find the equation of the regression line of
f
on
m
.
(3)
(
c
) Predict the amount of fuel used on a journey of 235 miles.
(1)4.
Aeroplanes fly from City
A
to City
B
. Over a long period of time the number of minutes delay intake-off from City
A
was recorded. The minimum delay was 5 minutes and the maximum delaywas 63 minutes. A quarter of all delays were at most 12 minutes, half were at most 17 minutesand 75% were at most 28 minutes. Only one of the delays was longer than 45 minutes.An outlier is an observation that falls either 1.5
×
(interquartile range) above the upper quartile or 1.5
×
(interquartile range) below the lower quartile.(
a
) On graph paper, draw a box plot to represent these data.
(7)
(
b
(2)
(
c
) Suggest how the distribution might be interpreted by a passenger who frequently flies fromCity
A
to City
B
.
(1)

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