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Taylor Particles

Taylor Particles

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Published by williamtopping
An older co-authored work that contributes more understanding of the prehistoric event.
An older co-authored work that contributes more understanding of the prehistoric event.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: williamtopping on Mar 22, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 Impact Pits and Particles in the Taylor Artifacts from Illinois with Associated Uranium 235 Enrichment and Excess Plutonium 239.
William Topping, James Taylor and Tony Baker
This publication first was released as a draft on June 23, 1998 and has been refereed by way of exchanged  comments. It is subject to copyright restrictions, but may be used and/or distributed for scientific purposes provided proper citation is included.This revised edition is publicly released on September 18, 1999.
Particles, particle tracks and impact pits have been observed in
artifacts from Michigan,Ontario, Indiana, New Mexico and also from Pennsylvania although the identification in that last case istentative. Such particles
could indicate prehistoric bombardment from some as yet unidentifiedprehistoric event that involved a massive shockwave. In the search for more evidence, some
 fluted  points
and typical
diagnostics from the
site in Illinois (which also yielded
 Early Archaic
artifacts) were recovered and examined. These artifacts, which on the basis of chert type andpatina were "most likely"
in affiliation, manifested odd features like "spalls" or small pitsto the naked eye that seemed to appear on only one side of respective artifacts.
Under low-power microscopic examination (
100 x
), the unique features appeared to occur
on one side of respective artifacts
which implies particle bombardment 
in which theartifacts self-shielded 
) and in the cases where impact pits were
the trajectories appeared tobe parallel. The features in the photos below match the configurations of the particles and particletracks or impact pits observed in other
Presentation:Figures 1
show the various configurations of the pits in the
artifacts. Many aresubject to interpretation because of high numbers of mineral inclusions of about the same size. It seemsprobable that over time, some of these inclusions worked out of the chert and left holes which could bemisidentified as
impact pits
. In some cases illustrated, it does appear as if inclusions had worked outover time. But in the cases of the pits shown in
Figures 5
, it is difficult to explain those pits asanything other than
impact pits
Figure 7
illustrates the problem of discrimination between
impact pits
and pits that may have formedfrom inclusions working out of the chert. The two small diamond-shaped pits at the left center easilycould be eroded mineral inclusions that infilled over time. It is difficult to be certain since the method of identification is visual. At the lower left, a view of a diamond-shaped inclusion is clearly visible.
Figure 8
shows a pit with a dark mass in the center of the pit. In this case it is difficult to be conclusiveabout whether or not the pit filled in over time, or if the mass was deposited when the pit formed.
Figure 9
shows more pits with masses in them, and these masses appear to be
embedded particles
.The large pit appears to contain a somewhat spherical mass.
Figure 10
shows more pits with what appear to be
embedded particles
; the particle in the pit on theright appears to have a spherical shape.
Figures 11
show features like those observed in
flakes from New Mexico.These
in the case of the New Mexico artifacts apparently are infilled pits; acid (
) was usedto remove all of the infilling which probably was irons and silica which are common in sediments andpercolating water.
Figure 12
in particular shows brownish-orange
, again exactly like thefeatures in the artifacts from New Mexico. These spots in the
flakes also appear to be infilled

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