Impact Pits and Particles in the Taylor Artifacts from Illinois with Associated Uranium 235 Enrichment and Excess Plutonium 239.
William Topping, James Taylor and Tony Baker
This publication first was released as a draft on June 23, 1998 and has been refereed by way of exchanged comments. It is subject to copyright restrictions, but may be used and/or distributed for scientific purposes provided proper citation is included.This revised edition is publicly released on September 18, 1999.
Particles, particle tracks and impact pits have been observed in
artifacts from Michigan,Ontario, Indiana, New Mexico and also from Pennsylvania although the identification in that last case istentative. Such particles
could indicate prehistoric bombardment from some as yet unidentifiedprehistoric event that involved a massive shockwave. In the search for more evidence, some
diagnostics from the
site in Illinois (which also yielded
artifacts) were recovered and examined. These artifacts, which on the basis of chert type andpatina were "most likely"
in affiliation, manifested odd features like "spalls" or small pitsto the naked eye that seemed to appear on only one side of respective artifacts.
Under low-power microscopic examination (
), the unique features appeared to occur
on one side of respective artifacts
which implies particle bombardment
in which theartifacts self-shielded
) and in the cases where impact pits were
the trajectories appeared tobe parallel. The features in the photos below match the configurations of the particles and particletracks or impact pits observed in other
show the various configurations of the pits in the
artifacts. Many aresubject to interpretation because of high numbers of mineral inclusions of about the same size. It seemsprobable that over time, some of these inclusions worked out of the chert and left holes which could bemisidentified as
. In some cases illustrated, it does appear as if inclusions had worked outover time. But in the cases of the pits shown in
, it is difficult to explain those pits asanything other than