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Compressed Natural Gas Aff MH

Compressed Natural Gas Aff MH

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Published by: Matthew on Apr 07, 2010
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08/31/2010

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Compressed Natural Gas(Aff)Matthew Hamilton, Eveready
Compressed Natural Gas(Aff)
Table of Contents
1. Info/Funding...........................................................................................................................................21.1 Summary.........................................................................................................................................21.2 What it is..........................................................................................................................................21.3 How It's Stored................................................................................................................................21.4 How It's Produced...........................................................................................................................21.5 How It's Delivered to Transportation Customers............................................................................21.6 Funding From the Energy Commission..........................................................................................32. Phill........................................................................................................................................................32.1 Small, Efficient, and Safe................................................................................................................32.2 Past Incentives and Cost..................................................................................................................32.3 Residential Fueling Discounts in California ..................................................................................43. Cost........................................................................................................................................................43.1 Cost of CNG According to Southern CA Gas.................................................................................43.2 Can Cut Fuel Costs in Half..............................................................................................................43.3 $1.75 to $2.50 Per GGE..................................................................................................................43.4 Will Cost Less as Gasoline Costs More..........................................................................................54. Emissions...............................................................................................................................................54.1 Can Emit 15x Times Less Smog-Forming Nitrogen Oxide Emissions...........................................54.2 Average 80% Ozone-Forming Emissions Reduction......................................................................54.3 Significantly Less Pollution With CNG..........................................................................................64.4 Cost-Effective Way to Alleviate Pollution......................................................................................64.5 Bullet Points of Pollution Reduction With Natural Gas Vehicles...................................................65. Vehicle Use.............................................................................................................................................65.1 Vehicles That Use CNG...................................................................................................................65.2 Paves the Way For Hydrogen-Fueled Vehicles...............................................................................75.3 50% of California's Transit Fleet by 2005.......................................................................................75.4 Natural Gas Powred Options ..........................................................................................................76. Supply....................................................................................................................................................76.1 At least a 120-Year Supply..............................................................................................................76.2 Domestic Natural Gas Supply High and Growing..........................................................................87. Other.......................................................................................................................................................87.1 Flammable Only When Mixture is Less Than 5% Natural Gas......................................................87.2 California Likes it............................................................................................................................81 of 8
 
Compressed Natural Gas(Aff)Matthew Hamilton, Eveready
1. Info/Funding
1.1 Summary
Office of Transportation and Air Quality, “Clean Fuel Options for Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks and  Buses”, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, June 2003,http://www.epa.gov/dieselretrofit/documents/f03015.pdf 
Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) is a gaseous fuel that is a mixture of hydrocarbons, mainly methane,and is produced either from gas wells or in conjunction with crude oil production. The majority of natural gas consumed in the United States comes from sources within North America. Increased use of fuel produced in North America helps reduce our reliance on oil from overseas, which is good for our nation’s energy security.
1.2 What it is
California Energy Commission, “COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS (CNG) AS A TRANSPORTATION  FUEL “, Consumer Energy Center, 2006,http://www.consumerenergycenter.org/transportation/afvs/cng.html 
Compressed natural gas, or CNG, is natural gas under pressure which remains clear, odorless, and non-corrosive. Although vehicles can use natural gas as either a liquid or a gas, most vehicles use thegaseous form compressed to pressures above 3,100 pounds per square inch.
1.3 How It's Stored
California Energy Commission, “COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS (CNG) AS A TRANSPORTATION  FUEL “, Consumer Energy Center, 2006,http://www.consumerenergycenter.org/transportation/afvs/cng.html 
In smaller fueling locations and on vehicles, CNG is stored in thick-walled steel, aluminum, or composite tanks built to last more than 20 years.
1.4 How It's Produced
California Energy Commission, “COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS (CNG) AS A TRANSPORTATION  FUEL “, Consumer Energy Center, 2006,http://www.consumerenergycenter.org/transportation/afvs/cng.html 
Most natural gas comes from three types of wells: natural gas-and-condensate wells, oil wells, and coal bed methane wells. In 2003, California had over 1,200 natural gas-and-condensate wells operating.Well-extracted natural gas requires a cleanup process before it can be used in vehicles or residences.
1.5 How It's Delivered to Transportation Customers
California Energy Commission, “COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS (CNG) AS A TRANSPORTATION 
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Compressed Natural Gas(Aff)Matthew Hamilton, Eveready
In 2004, California produced 15.4 percent of its natural gas from in-state wells. The rest is imported by pipeline from Canada and the Rocky Mountain and Southwestern states. California gas utilities such asPacific Gas and Electric, Southern California Gas, and San Diego Gas & Electric distribute the fuel tocustomers. Most CNG vehicle fueling stations are owned and operated by private companies and localgovernments.
1.6 Funding From the Energy Commission
California Energy Commission, “COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS (CNG) AS A TRANSPORTATION  FUEL “, Consumer Energy Center, 2006,http://www.consumerenergycenter.org/transportation/afvs/cng.html 
The Energy Commission has provided more than $4 million in grant cost-share funding for about 40CNG fueling stations, the incremental cost of light-duty vehicles, and purchase of 369 CNG-poweredschool buses. The Energy Commission has also funded research and development to improve the performance of natural gas engines.
2. Phill
2.1 Small, Efficient, and Safe
Official Honda Website, “Convenient Home Refueling Appliances Now Available for Natural GasVehicles”, May 6, 2005,http://www.honda.com/newsandviews/article.aspx?id=2005050968755
The refueling unit is a small, compact gas compressor capable of providing convenient overnight homerefueling for CNG vehicles. The appliance is safe, lightweight, and can deliver 3,000 or 3,600 pounds per square inch gauge (psig) of natural gas.
2.2 Past Incentives and Cost
Official Honda Website, “Convenient Home Refueling Appliances Now Available for Natural GasVehicles”, May 6, 2005,http://www.honda.com/newsandviews/article.aspx?id=2005050968755
[Brackets added]AQMD[Air Quality Management District]'s Governing Board today approved $400,000 in incentivesto assist consumers with the cost of purchasing or leasing a new natural gas home refueling appliance,developed by FuelMaker Corp. of Toronto.AQMD's incentive will match funding recently approved by the Mobile Source Air Pollution ReductionReview Committee (MSRC).
"The MSRC has a long history of supporting the development of natural gas fueling stations to serve the growing fleetvehicle market," noted Gwenn Norton-Perry, chair of the MSRC. "Now, with the option of home refueling, we have theopportunity to greatly expand individual consumer interest in a clean, affordable alternative to gasoline vehicles."
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