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Indira Gandhi

Indira Gandhi

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Published by Abhishek Gandhi
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Essay

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Abhishek Gandhi on Apr 10, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/22/2010

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INDIRA GANDHI
Indira Nehru Gandhi was born on November 19, 1917 and would be the onlychild of Jawaharlal and Kamala Nehru. Being influenced and inspired by her parents, Indira Gandhi rose to power in India and eventually became primeminister. She dedicated her life to progress in her country despite theoverwhelming problems and challenges she encountered.Her road to power and politics started when she turned twelve years of age.During the time of British imperialism, many Indian National Congress workersfrom Allahabad did not know when or if the British would arrest them or searchtheir homes. In order to find out when this would occur, the Monkey Brigade wasformed. Although Indira claimed to have thought of the idea, some asserted thatthe Monkey Brigade was the idea of the Congress. In any event, Indira becamethe leader of this children's group whose purpose was to help end British controlin India. Being its leader, she delivered speeches while other children actuallywarned the people who were going to be arrested. The Congress figured that theBritish would not suspect children of participating in such involvement. Althoughsome deemed it a joke, Indira took her job very seriously. One of the mostsignificant actions of the Monkey Brigade involved Indira. The Congress party'stop officials were organizing a civil disobedience movement. After the meeting,the documents containing the plans of the movement were placed in the trunk of a car with Indira in the back seat. Before the car was ready to leave the area, apolice inspector stopped the car in order to search it. However, Indira pleaded
 
with him not to inspect the car because the delay would cause her to arrive lateat school. Fortunately, the inspector believed her and the car was not searched.In 1938, Indira finally joined the Indian National Congress Party, something shealways longed to do. Soon afterwards in 1942, she married journalist FerozeGandhi to whom she eventually bore two sons. Soon after the couple wasmarried, they were sent to prison on charges of subversion by the British. Her first and only imprisonment lasted from September 11, 1942 until May 13, 1943at the Naini Central Jail in Allahabad.Fortunately, India won its independence from Britain in 1947. In that same year,Indira's father Jawaharlal Nehru became prime minister and served until hisdeath in 1964. Since her mother had died in 1936, Indira acted as hostess andconfidante and traveled with Nehru to meet famous political figures. Later in1959, Gandhi became the fourth woman elected president of the Indian NationalCongress. After her father's death, the new Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastriappointed Indira Gandhi as minister of information and broadcasting. Thisposition was the fourth highest ranking position in the Cabinet. Many Indianswere illiterate. Therefore, radio and television played a major part in informingthem. As minister, she most importantly encouraged the making of inexpensiveradios and started a family planning program.After Shastri's death in 1966, Indira Gandhi served as prime minister until Indiaheld the next election. She won that election, and in 1967, became one of thefirst women ever elected to lead a democracy. In 1971, Gandhi was re-elected by

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