With a population of 1,330,040,000 China is themost populous country in the worldThe last Chinese Civil War (with major combatending in 1949) has resulted in two politicalentities:
People's Republic of China (PRC),
,has control over mainland China and the largelyself-governing territories of Hong Kong (since1997) and Macau (since 1999).
Republic of China (ROC
,commonly known as
, has control over theislands of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, and Matsu.