Gardner believes that Faustus' inability to change is, "a humanrepresentation of the inability of the fallen angels to turn back from theirdamnation." ²
or you may paraphrase or summarise an opinion or idea:
Faustus' inability to change can be seen as the same inability that thefallen angels have, but represented in human terms (Gardner, 1982).
There are two main ways of referencing your evidence:
the use of a number referring to a note at the end of the essay or bottom of thepage (as in the first example);
the inclusion of the author and date of publication in the body of the essaywith the full details included in your bibliography (as in the second example).At the end of your essay you must include a bibliography which lists all the books youhave consulted in writing your essay, whether or not you have referred to them inyour essay. A bibliography should include the details of author, title, date, place orpublication, publisher and edition for each book.
Gardner, H. (1982) The Tragedy of Damnation. New York: OxfordUniversity Press.
Most departments have their own preferred style of referencing and bibliographies.Check your department handbook for details. For further guidance, refer to the
The conclusion is another signpost to your reader. It gives you the opportunity to:
use the words of the title to show you have answered the question;
remind the reader of what has been covered;
show the overall significance of the material;
provide an overall assessment of theories or arguments, summarising yourown view point.An example of an effective concluding paragraph is shown below.
The characters of Macbeth and Faustus are very similar in many respects; they both willingly follow a path that leads to their damnation,for example.
Reference to the larger issue
The differences lie in the development of the characters in what areessentially two different types of plays.