efinitions of Terms
areerseries of positions than an individual occupies during a lifetime.2.
areer developmentthe total constellation of economic sociological, psychological,educational, physical and chance factors that combine to shape ones career3.
areer counselingincludes all counseling activates associated with career choice over a lifespan.
n career counseling all aspects of individual needs (family, work, personal concerns, andleisure) are recognized as integral parts of career decision making and planning.
Career Development Theory
Educated as an engineer at
rote several books on womens suffrage, taxation, and education for al.
aught history, mathand
orked as a railroad engineer4.
assed the state bar for lawyers and taught at Boston Universitys law school5.
ain interest in social reform and helping individuals make occupational choices6.
s generally considered the father of guidance7.
trait-and factor model
is considered to be the forerunner of all modern theories of careerdevelopment8.
arsons maintained that vocation guidance is accomplished through a 3-part formulation of:a.
tudying the individualb.
urverying the occupationc.
atching the individual with an occupation
A set of concepts, propistions and ideas that provides us with insights into what is believed to be trueabout the process of career development.
Theories are important because
Help account for all the external and internal factors that influence people2.
Help explain behavior3.
Guide what is done with counselees4.
Help hypothesize about a clients future behavior