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Theories of Career Development--Week 2

Theories of Career Development--Week 2

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Published by songofpsalms
Notes from Career and Lifestyle Development
Notes from Career and Lifestyle Development

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Published by: songofpsalms on May 03, 2010
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01/31/2011

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Theories of Career Development
Week 2,April 8, 2010
Myths about Career Counseling
1.
 
Crystal Ball
o
 
A persons career can be determined by testing and answers can be provided withassessment
o
 
Irrational BeliefThe choice is not up to the person
2
.
 
Quitters never win myth
o
 
O
nce you begin something you must stay the course no changes.
o
 
Irrational beliefIf I change I fail 
3
.
 
When are you going to decide you dummy myth
o
 
A career decision is that should occur at a particular time in life
o
 
Irrational beliefCareer choice involves one decision
4
.
 
I want you to have it better than I did myth
o
 
T
here is a formula to follow for success and to lead the good lifefollow it and youllhave it and all will be well
o
 
Irrational beliefFollow rules equals happiness
5
.
 
My work is my life myth
o
 
C
areer is most important and must be intrinsically satisfying
o
 
Irrational beliefMy work must satisfy all my needs
6
.
 
 Anyone can be president myth
o
 
I
f you dont succeed its because you didnt try hard enough
o
 
Irrational beliefYou can do ANYTHING if you try 
7
.
 
My son/daughter the doctor myth
o
 
S
tatus=good person
o
 
Irrational beliefMy worth (the goodness of my parenting) is tied to my occupation
 
Cultural Influences
o
 
I
ndividualismwestern cultures
o
 
W
ork is a cultural value and we work for
 
M
aterial rewards
 
S
ocietal expectations
 
F
ulfill basic needs
 
R
espect (from self and others)
 
P
ersonal goals
o
 
C
ollectivismeastern cultures
o
 
W
ork is cultural value where work is for the common good of all
D
efinitions
o
 
W
orkan activity that produces something of value for oneself or others
o
 
F
our types1.
 
W
age workfor payment2.
 
Home workdone for the home3.
 
Gift workvoluntary4.
 
Learning workstudying and learning new skills
o
 
T
askan assignment of piece of work
o
 
P
ositiona group of tasks performed by one person
o
 
J
oba group of similar paid positions in a single organizations (hospital)
o
 
O
ccupationa group of similar jobs in various organizations
o
 
J
ob satisfactionthe result of an appropriate match of personality traits, interest, and workenvironment (
P
eterson & Gonzalez, 2005)
F
actors Related to Job Satisfaction
1.
 
P
restige of the job2.
 
Autonomycontrol over the conditions work3.
 
C
ohesiveness of the work group, which facilitates interaction4.
 
C
hallenge and variety of job tasks5.
 
Employer concern and involvement of employees in decision making6.
 
W
ages with respect to both amount and ones perception of adequate wages compared toothers performing similar tasks7.
 
M
obility potential (workers want to feel there is potential for upward movement through theskill hierarchy, the occupational hierarchy, the organizational structure in which the work isperformed or any combination of the three8.
 
S
atisfactory working conditions9.
 
J
ob security
 
D
efinitions of Terms
1.
 
C
areerseries of positions than an individual occupies during a lifetime.2.
 
C
areer developmentthe total constellation of economic sociological, psychological,educational, physical and chance factors that combine to shape ones career3.
 
C
areer counselingincludes all counseling activates associated with career choice over a lifespan.
I
n career counseling all aspects of individual needs (family, work, personal concerns, andleisure) are recognized as integral parts of career decision making and planning.
Career Development Theory
F
rank Parsons
1.
 
Educated as an engineer at
C
ornell University2.
 
W
rote several books on womens suffrage, taxation, and education for al.
T
aught history, mathand
F
rench3.
 
W
orked as a railroad engineer4.
 
P
assed the state bar for lawyers and taught at Boston Universitys law school5.
 
M
ain interest in social reform and helping individuals make occupational choices6.
 
I
s generally considered the father of guidance7.
 
His
trait-and factor model 
is considered to be the forerunner of all modern theories of careerdevelopment8.
 
P
arsons maintained that vocation guidance is accomplished through a 3-part formulation of:a.
 
S
tudying the individualb.
 
S
urverying the occupationc.
 
M
atching the individual with an occupation
Career
D
evelopment Theory?
A set of concepts, propistions and ideas that provides us with insights into what is believed to be trueabout the process of career development.
Theories are important because
1.
 
Help account for all the external and internal factors that influence people2.
 
Help explain behavior3.
 
Guide what is done with counselees4.
 
Help hypothesize about a clients future behavior

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