Harry Sedgwick teacher:Verity BullenSubject: physicsMODULE 1 – atoms and stuff The electromagnetic spectrum -
The smaller the wavelength the more energy waves carry(Least energy - long wavelength)Radio, microwaves, infra red, UV light, X-ray andGamma rays (most energy - short wavelength)Radio - telecommunications, radioMicrowaves - telecommunications, cookingInfra red - cookingVisible - telecommunications, optical fibersUV light - security in dark, sun bedsX-ray - medical usesGamma rays -All waves are speed of light (3x10 to 8) ‘C’What are we looking at this term?Refraction
Snell’s lawTIRPhotoelectric effectElectrons - collisions, ionization, excitation, and energy levelsWave - particle dualityRefraction - change in direction of wave due to change in its speed e.g. when awave passes from one material to another. -
When a beam of light passes from aless dense material to another It bends towards the ‘normal‘ -
(Normal is 90° to the point it hits)- How can we calculate by how much the angle is refracted? -
Snell’s law – n x sinθ = n x sinθ
(law of refraction) e.g.