Guidelines for Shop Inspection Laboratory Techniques
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Guidelines for Shop Inspection – Laboratory Techniques –
elements with respect to the depth profile. This technique has many applications and isextremely useful for the analysis of metallurgical surface treatments and coatings. It is also avaluable analytical tool for corrosion investigation work . Typical applications includeevaluation of metallic coating problems . Cause of dull or discoloured regions. Phosphorousconcentration in electroless nickel. Analysis of electroplated hot-dipped galvanized,galvalume, galfan and galvaneal. Evaluation of heat treated components (surface / casetreatment). Profiling of carburized, nitrided and carbonitrided surfaces. Routine coatingevaluation, including composition, coating thickness and coating weight, adhesion problems
(EDS) Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy - Microprobe
Electron probe microanalysis combines structural and compositional analysis in oneoperation. Microanalysis provides information concerning specimen composition on amicroscopic scale. This creates the possibility of local analysis of a small region on thespecimen surface. Elemental compositions can be mapped for homogeneity and heterogeneityat the micrometer scale. For example, EDS can provide analysis of individual inclusions insteel and other alloys, and can be used as a semi-quantitative method in nuclear applications.
FT-IR is used for the identification of organic or inorganic coatings or contaminations onmetal surfaces.
Combustion; Carbon & Sulfur
Combustion carbon and sulfur determination is accepted as the most accurate method fordetermining carbon and sulfur in metal, ore and powder samples. These samples may be in theform of solid material, drillings or powders. This technique is used mainly to complement ICPor OES analysis for the full chemical analysis of metallic samples.
Gas Analysis; Oxygen, Nitrogen, Hydrogen
Inert gas fusion techniques are offered for quantitative content of these gases in metals.Processed materials are subjected to gas absorption as the material is initially cooled andworked. Also during drawing, rolling, heat treatment or annealed processes. When gasabsorption is controlled during these processes, it will minimize their adverse effects onmaterial strength.
(GC/MS) Gas Chromatography / Mass Spectroscopy
This technique is commonly used in the analysis of petroleum oil, coal gasification andliquefaction products, drugs, metalobics, food products, perfume, cosmetics, plasticizers,pesticides, pollutants in air, waste water and solid waste, products and by-products of manufacturing processes, and solvents used in manufacturing processes.