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Method of Speaking

Method of Speaking

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Published by hasdar73

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Published by: hasdar73 on May 24, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Speaking is the process of building and sharing meaning through theuse of verbal and non-verbal symbols. Speaking is a crucial part of secondlanguage learning and teaching. However, today’s world requires that thegoal of teaching speaking should improve students’ communicative skillsbecause students can express themselves and learn how to use alanguage.Nowadays, many teacher agree that students should learn to speakthe second language by interacting to others. For this case, studentsshould master several speaking components’, such as: comprehension,pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary, and fluency. In brief, English teachershould be creative in developing their teaching learning process to creategood atmosphere, improve the students speaking skill, give attention tothe speaking components’, and make the English lesson more exiting.For this reason, the English teacher should apply appropriatemethod and technique of teaching speaking. The method used by theteacher is Communicative approach. In communicative approach,language is primarily a tool of communication. Thus, learning a languagemeans learning to perform communicative speech acts with it(Brickerton.1996: 1).In general, speech acts are acts of communication. To communicateis to express a certain attitude, and the type of speech act beingperformed corresponds to the type of attitude being expressed. Forexample, a statement expresses a belief, a request expresses a desire,and an apology expresses a regret. As an act of communication, a speechact succeeds if the audience identifies, in accordance with the speaker'sintention, the attitude being expressed which realized in the language.
As a professional teachers in the language teaching, especially theteaching of English a foreign language, teachers mostly spend much of time on appropriate teaching methodologist for greater effectiveness instudents acquisitions on English, designing and implementing materials,test, and practice Teachers are responsible to educate the students fromlittle or no knowledge to sufficient English speaking environment. The KTSP curriculum of teaching English takes emphasis of thecurriculum that the students are able to communicate in English bymastering the whole skills. However, it is not easy to master all the skills;there must be one important skill that covers the whole skills. Based onthe statement above speaking is the most important skill that should bemastered by students in order to communicate in English fluently.In this case, the students must study hard to master it and theteacher should create a good atmosphere in the classroom. However, it iscontrary to the real situation in class. Speaking activities do not work inclass because many factors prevent students from speaking English withtheir friends. They are afraid of making mistakes, of being laughed at byhis or her friends and of having lack of confidence in their ability.Considering the problem, relating to speaking activities in class andhelping students to improve their speaking skill is part of the teacher’s job.He or she is expected to have right teaching techniques to providestudents with appropriate teaching materials and to create a positiveclassroom environment. Therefore, the students will have opportunity touse English among themselves. The teaching – learning process should notonly happen between teacher and students but also between students andstudents.Speaking is an activity used by someone to communicate with other.It takes place very where and has become part of our daily activities.
When someone speaks, he or she interacts and uses the language toexpress his or her ideas, feeling and thought. He or she also sharesinformation to other trough communication.
H A S D A R, S. P d.
A.Learning ExperienceI started learning English when I was at the first grade of Junior HighSchool in 1986. It was my first experience of learning English. There wasnot English subject at Elementary School that time. I studied in MTsMuhammadiyah Sinjai. I then continued my Senior High School to theElementary School Religion Teacher Training, Pendidikan Guru Agama,PGA Negeri Watampone. After graduating from PGA, I continued my Studyto English Department of Institute of Teacher Training and Education, IKIPUjungpandang.1.Learning English in Junior High SchoolLearning English in Junior High School was my first experience of learning English. My secondary school was Madrasah Tsanawiyah, a Junior

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