retreat or Catherine’s death, and serves to mark these events as randomoccurrences, just like rain itself. Similarly, the mud serves as an obstacle to thearmy in both offensive and retreat, thus demonstrating nature’s hostility to man.Both of these are beneficial in creating an air of pessimism in this novel.“
But we were never lonely and never afraid when we were together. I knowthat the night is not the same as the day: that all things are different, that thethings of the night cannot be explained in the day, because they do not thenexist, and the night can be a dreadful time for lonely people once their loneliness has started. But with Catherine there was almost no difference in thenight except that it was an even better time. If people bring so much courage tothis world the world has to kill them to break them, so of course it kills them.The world breaks every one and afterward many are strong at the broken places. But those that will not break it kill. It kills the very good and the very gentleand the very brave impartially. If you are none of these you can be sure it will kill you too but there will be no special hurry. ”
[ “ A Farewell To Arms ” Chapter # 34 ]He escapes from the battle, as himself says, however, he can not completelyescape from death; the end of this novel testifies this point. But Henry seems toknow the inevitableness of death and hardship, even before
death. Histhought distracts from satisfaction to pessimism, which seems to reflect the greatlove will be neutralized by the grim reality of life. Indeed, from this point on,
seem to escape from a force of death that will catch upwith them.
“ I had seen nothing sacred, and the things that were glorious had no glory and the sacrifices were like the stockyards at Chicago if nothing was done with themeat except to bury it. There were many words that you could not stand to hear and finally only the names of places had dignity. Certain numbers were the same