ENRICHMENT OF MODERN MEDICINE BY AYURVEDA
Modern medicine, despite its remarkable achievements, to deal with thepresent situation, it is necessary to drop prejudices and to recapitulate the historicaldevelopment of scientific medicine. Ayurvedic medicine greatly influenced and directlycontributed to the development of Greek medicine. Subsequently, Arabic medicineborrowed heavily from Greek medicine and eventually came to be recognized as Unanimedicine. Thus, it is evident that the 3 "Pathies" in India, i.e., Ayurveda, Siddha, andUnani medicine actually represent the ontogeny -- the past stages -- in the evolution of modern medicine. Needed is a coherent synthesis of the valid elements of the different"systems of medicine" into a modern scientific health science. This requires work,experiments, and experience. Medicinal plants and herbs have been studied by manyphytochemists and pharmacologists for the isolation and pharmacodynamic activity of their active ingredients. Many popular and widespread practices of herbal therapy havebeen validated by scientific experiment. It is necessary to educate the practicing doctorsand lay people about the scientific knowledge on the mechanisms of action of Ayurvedicdrugs commonly used by them. Such an educational program serves the followingobjectives: scientific world view can affect other activities beneficially; people may comeforward to share their experiences with scientists, which may lead to research and newdrugs; and a reinforcement of the existing therapeutic practices with scientific data maypopularize the use of such plants on a wide scale; and the scientific use of herbs andplants would tend to reduce the widespread quackery and witchcraft prevalent in India'srural and backward areas.
Ayurveda vis-a-vis Modern Medicine
Ayurveda and modern medicine differ in one basic sense:Modern Medicine is driven by Structure or the 'Part' and is thus substantially dependent onlaboratory tests and diagnostic investigations. But, Ayurveda gives importance to Function or theeffect of the µWhole¶. When every sub-system functions properly, it is health. When there is somedifference or difficulty in the function, ill-health is caused. It is said that modern medicine isdisease-centric, while Ayurveda is
.There need not be any contradiction between Ayurveda and Modern Medicine. The two systemsmay truly and effectively complement each other, when structural knowledge is judiciouslyintegrated and interpreted .Contrary to common perception, through the ages, the seers of Ayurvedarecognized the need to ensure that Ayurveda was relevant to contemporary needs anddevelopments.
, the latest of the acharyas, says in his text that he is trying to make thesystem up-to-date and suitable for the times (
MODERN MEDICINE IN COMBINATION WITH AYURVEDA:
IN AN ERA OF EVIDENCE-BASED MEDICINE, TRADITIONAL INDIAN PRACTICES, LIKEAYURVEDA AND UNANI, CANNOT SURVIVE IN ISOLATION, BUT NEED TO BE EFFECTIVELYCOMBINED WITH MODERN MEDICINE
Citing areas of common interest in both ayurveda and modern medicine, like the attention deficitdisorder among children. Better results can be drawn by combining the modern and traditionalmedicine practices.